Pixie Blog

News and thoughts from the Pixie team!


Boards Photo Book 2010


Boards Photo Book launches at the Dublin Camera Gallery on Lower Camden Street at 8pm on November 20, 2010.

Guest post by sNarah

The team and users from the Boards.ie Photography team are proud to announce the launch of the 3rd edition of the Boards Photo Book and wish the extend a warm welcome to all users on Pixie, as both communities are, and will always, be closely knit in together! The entire project is conducted online and organized by volunteers from the forum. The book showcases some of the finest photography work from both amateurs and professionals and will make a great Christmas present; as for each book sold, a charitable donation will be made to Santa Strike Force.

Santa Strike Force

This charity was launched by Tom Murphy, founder of Boards, and secretly buys presents for care centres and hospitals, so that children can enjoy the presents year-round. This year’s book is dedicated to Danny O’Brien and Derek Davis, 2 active users of the forum who sadly passed during the year. The book will be launched by Tom in the Dublin Camera Club gallery, 10 Lower Camden Street at 8 pm on November 20th. Many of the contributors and users of the photography forum will meet each other there. Remarkably, it will probably be the first time many of them will have met face to face – as all work behind the book happens entirely on the forum, which is an amazing feat!

The publication will be made available for purchase to the general public by Shakespeare Photobooks, a Waterford based company who have been selected this year for the printing process – an important change from previous editions to highlight the importance of using Irish-based services. A direct link will be made available www.boardsphotobook.wordpress.com to Shakespeare Photobooks for placing an order and there will be an opportunity to purchase individual prints from the book directly from the photographers if requested. The book will be priced at €42.35 and this price includes a €5 charitable donation to Santa Strike Force.

We herewith once more extend an invitation and warm welcome to all interested in attending the book launch. We hope to make the book a successful venture to ensure that Santa Strike Force can keep providing their fantastic service to institutions that, in these budgetary times, so much rely on donations from the public.

For any further inquiries, you can contact the team behind the book on boardsphotobook2010 {at} gmail.com



# by DarrenG on on 2010-Nov-05

Can't wait to see the book this year.  Congrats to all involved.


# by Dave66 on on 2010-Nov-05

Really looking forward to the book and it's launch, well done all involved and big thanks to organisers for all their work


# by ancatdubh on on 2010-Nov-05

If I had a like button i'd press it :)

only thing left to say is:



# by hughwphamill on on 2010-Nov-06

Can't wait to get it!


# by tedcorr on on 2010-Nov-16



# by wijnstapis on on 2013-Nov-05

Four MIT professors have been named 2013 MacVicar Faculty Fellows for their outstanding undergraduate teaching, mentoring and educational innovation. This year’s honorees are Linda Griffith, the School of Engineering Teaching Innovation Professor of Biological and Mechanical Engineering; Rob Miller, an associate professor of computer science and engineering; Laura Schulz, the Class of 1943 Career Development Associate Professor of Cognitive Science; and Emma Teng, an associate professor of China studies and the T.T.
and Wei Fong Chao Professor of Asian Civilizations.These professors bring to 45 the number of current MacVicar Faculty Fellows, part of a program established in 1992 to honor the life and devotion to teaching excellence of Margaret MacVicar ‘64, ScD ‘67,

MIT’s first dean for undergraduate education and founder of the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP). The 10-year fellowship provides an annual allowance in support of undergraduate teaching.Provost Chris A. Kaiser selected the fellows in conjunction with an advisory committee of faculty and students chaired by

Daniel Hastings, dean for undergraduate education.To
celebrate undergraduate education on this MacVicar Day, the Institute will host a symposium this afternoon featuring five MIT faculty members speaking on “Reimagining the MIT Classroom: Experiments with Digital Learning.” Hastings will introduce the new MacVicar Fellows and then moderate the symposium. Speakers will include Teng; Jesus del Alamo, the Donner Professor of Science in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science; Anette Hosoi, an associate

professor of mechanical engineering and applied mathematics; Anne E. C. McCants, a professor of history; and Troy Van Voorhis, a professor of chemistry. Today’s program will run vision-without glasses to 4 p.m. in Bartos Theater (E15-070).
A reception honoring the new MacVicar Fellows will follow from 4 to 5 p.m.
in Bartos Lobby. The symposium and reception are open to the entire MIT community.Linda
GriffithLinda Griffith received her BS in chemical engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1982, and her PhD in chemical engineering from the University of California at Berkeley in 1988.
She was a postdoc in MIT’s Department of Chemical Engineering from 1988 to 1990, becoming an

assistant professor in that department in 1991, an associate professor in 1996, and a full professor in 2002. Griffith joined the faculty of the Department of Biological Engineering in 1998, and the faculty of the Department of Mechanical Engineering in 2003.Students
view Griffith as a “rockstar” and a “dynamic force”; a colleague described her lectures as “extraordinary, flawlessly moving from engineering calculations to cell biology to medicine.” “She entered the classroom each day a blur of energy and enthusiasm … ready to fill chalkboard after chalkboard with equations, stopping only to entertain us with colorful anecdotes,” one student wrote. “No matter how complex the topic, Linda made it look easy and interesting.”
“She would often ask us questions in class,” another student added, “and where possible, she would weave in the impact of what we do. … For me personally, making the relationship between core engineering principles and the impact that engineers could — and should — have on society was paramount.”Griffith and Miller are among the Institute’s most dedicated researchers and educators, says Ian Pregnancy Miracle pdf dean of the School of Engineering and a MacVicar Faculty Fellow.
“Along with Linda’s remarkable research in biological and tissue engineering,” Waitz says, “she was a driving force behind the creation of MIT’s newest undergraduate major, biological engineering, which has served as a model for similar curricula around the world.
Working with colleagues from across the Institute, she oversaw the creation of nine new subjects for the major, creating two of them herself from scratch. And while working toward the broad impacts that come with such innovations, Linda has throughout her career remained a trusted and dedicated advisor and advocate to her many students.”  Rob MillerRob Miller received his SB and MEng from MIT in 1995, and his PhD from Carnegie Mellon University in 2002. He joined MIT as an assistant professor in 2002, becoming an associate professor in 2006.One colleague described Miller as “a fabulous teacher in all respects: in course development, in course management and organization, in hands-on pedagogy and

engagement with students, and in inventing new ways to use technology to enhance education.”Another wrote: “I think Rob embodies the ideal of an MIT teacher — caring, engaging, tirelessly working on behalf of the students, eliciting respect, admiration, and joy from the students.”Students
in Miller’s courses agree that his lectures are exceptional.“In my six years at MIT,” one wrote, “Rob’s course was the only one whose lectures I felt could not be missed. I was absent for exactly one lecture due to travel for a job interview, and I still remember how genuinely disappointed I tinnitus miracle his lectures always prompted such interesting discussion and the material was presented so well, I felt as though I had missed something.”“Rob’s
research projects — including a revolutionary crowd-based system for text editing and programming-code evaluation — may

also have significant educational applications, with the potential to impact the lives and learning of students around the world as they are implemented on MITx,” Waitz says. “Similarly, the course he developed on user interface and design has been extremely successful with an entire generation of students who are now in industry shaping our interactive experiences on a daily basis.” Laura SchulzLaura Schulz earned a BA in philosophy from the University of Michigan in 1992, and an MA and PhD, both in developmental psychology from the University of California at Berkeley, in 2002 and 2004, respectively.
She joined MIT as an assistant professor in the Department of Brain and Cognitive Science in 2005, becoming an associate professor in 2010.Schulz’s
colleagues call her “a brilliant, passionate, innovative and enthusiastic teacher” and “a caring and committed educator who is deeply engaged in undergraduate

education at all levels.”“She
knows her undergraduates well, has them over to her house and welcomes them warmly into her life, meets with them about their work and takes them seriously as junior colleagues and human beings,” one wrote.
“She has more undergraduate office hours than anyone else I know, and is regularly meeting with undergraduates outside her normally scheduled hours … she sets the highest example for MIT undergraduates on how to be a scientist, an educator Shapeshifter Yoga download person who is deeply committed to helping others develop themselves and their potential.”“Dr. Schulz was undoubtedly the one professor who made the most lasting impact on my life,” one student wrote. “I felt like Dr.
Schulz became one of my greatest mentors, supporters and advocates. We discussed my interests and goals, and together figured out a plan to help me get there.”Marc Kastner, dean of the School of Science, cites Schulz’s teaching of 9.85
(Early Childhood Cognition), a key part of the undergraduate curriculum in the Department of Brain and Cognitive Science (BCS), as an example of her devotion to students. “Her high expectations for students in this Communication Intensive (CI-M) course

and her dedication to excellence in teaching have provided essential training in critical writing and analysis for BCS undergraduates,” Kastner says.
“As of last spring, she had mentored an astounding 68 UROP [Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program] students, who were able to participate in her groundbreaking research into how children learn.”Emma
TengEmma Teng holds three degrees from Harvard University: an AB, received in 1989; an AM, received in 1992, and a PhD, received in 1997. She became an assistant professor in MIT’s Foreign Languages and Literatures section in 1998, and an associate professor in 2002. In 2012, she began a second appointment in the Institute’s History section.Teng’s students describe her as “simultaneously … an instructor, a mentor, and a confidante.”“I know of no other faculty member who appears always to be with a student — in her office, in the copying room, or just walking down forex growth bot download one colleague wrote.
“Professor Teng attracts students like a magnet.
She is a mentor to many formally, and to many more informally.” “Emma is a brilliant scholar whose energy, enthusiasm and talent for bringing scholars together enables her to inspire students and faculty to move beyond what is usually expected,” another colleague observed.
“Her creativity gives others a model of how to think across disciplines, and her high standards keep us rigorous in our efforts.”
“Emma Teng embodies the best

combination of qualities — top-notch research on Asian and Asian-American identities and histories with hands-on, deeply effective teaching and mentoring of students,” says Deborah K.
Fitzgerald, Kenan Sahin Dean of the School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences.
“Whether in History, Foreign Languages and Literatures, or Women’s and Gender Studies, Emma puts it all together for MIT students. Her dedication to students and impact in the field make her an

excellent MacVicar Fellow.”
Here's a do-it-yourself job for the bathroom that may appear harder than it actually is: Replacing or adding a medicine cabinet.Watch our film to learn more about the workings of the highest court of the land and meet some of the justicesI thought the supreme court was in America? Where does Lord Sugar sit? What sort of cases does the UK supreme court hear? These are just some of the questions — both serious and surreal — recently posed by the younger visitors to our home in Parliament Square.Although the supreme court is the highest court in the land – acting as the final ex girlfriend guru review appeal in the UK for civil cases, and for all criminal cases from England, Wales and Northern Ireland – many people understandably struggle to appreciate the pivotal role the court plays in our legal and constitutional systems.Replacing
the appellate committee of the House of Lords, the supreme court was established

as a separate entity in part to increase the accessibility, and transparency, of how important legal issues are dealt with by the justices. To that end, in addition to adjudicating on cases, one of our key objectives is to educate and inspire people about the UK justice systems.Since opening our doors in 2009, we have developed an exhibition

space about our history and work for all visitors to see; we produce digestible summaries of all of the court's judgments for the press and public to follow the court's jurisprudence; we stream our proceedings live online and upload judgment summaries to our YouTube channel so that the public can see what is going on; and, perhaps most importantly, we welcome over 300 school, college and university groups each year for guided tours and talks.We
hope our new educational film will prove a helpful addition to the growing range of learning resources that the court has developed to aid teaching in the classroom about the law and to complement visits here. Primarily aimed at

GSCE/Standards students – but hopefully of interest to a wider audience too – the film explores the role and the workings

of the supreme court, taking a look around our home and meeting some of Fibroids-Miracle review and

judicial assistants who work here.For
those of you studying at a more advanced level, visiting courts will no doubt form part of your current course or perhaps one of the requirements for securing a place. But if you have not yet visited the supreme court, we hope the film will entice you to come and see the UK's highest court at work.
We are all familiar with the phrase that "not only

must justice be done; it must also be seen to be done" — and observing proceedings here will certainly add a new perspective to all those authorities you read about from the House of Lords and now the UK supreme court.UK supreme courtJudiciaryStudying lawJenny Roweguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds     The French defense minister,

Jean-Yves Le Drian, said that French forces in Mali had found tons of weapons stockpiled by fighters linked to Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb. An Oscar nominee, Bobby Moresco, co-screenwriter of "Crash," prepares himself in the

days leading up to the awards. Sidelined with an ankle injury, Kobe Bryant tried his hand at coaching

the Lakers to a win. Earlier in the season he played peacemaker with his teammate Dwight Howard. ISLAMABAD, Pakistan —CIA drone strikes on Pakistani targets violate Pakistan’s national sovereignty and have resulted in far more civilian casualties than the U.S.
government has recognized, a special U.N. human rights envoy reported after directory of ezines investigation in Pakistan this week. Read full article >> Houston and New England eschew big-dollar acquisitions for a

more fiscally responsible philosophy, an approach that pays off with a trip to Sunday's MLC Cup match at RFK Stadium. U.S.
stocks rose last week, pushing the Standard & Poor's 500-stock index to a 15-month high, as gains for commodities boosted metal producers and reports showed the economy is improving.
Simpson’s legal team began Thursday to mount a defense that will sound familiar to anyone who followed his 1995 murder trial.
In the season finale of “Girls” on HBO, Lena Dunham offered a romance-novel surprise. Was that tongue-in-cheek? By flirting creatively with ambiguity, comedians branch out into fresh forms of humor. The 34 lost regular-season games still loom unpleasantly large in the downtown shops, restaurants and other businesses that depend on the city’s highly developed affinity for hockey.    
The petition, asking the PM to make Amazon pay UK corporation tax, had over 150,000 signaturesSupported by Stephen Fry, Margaret Hodge and Charlie Higson, independent booksellers Frances and Keith Smith delivered a petition calling on David Cameron to take "decisive action [to] make Amazon pay its fair

share of UK corporation tax" to Downing Street on 24 April.Over
150,000 people have joined the Smiths' campaign, which they launched last December, saying that "we pay our taxes and so should [Amazon] – please take a stand with us and tell Amazon to pay their fair share".The Smiths decided to launch the petition after seeing MPs including Hodge, chair of natural vitiligo treatment accounts committee, attack Amazon, Google and Starbucks over their tax affairs.
The MPs claimed that Amazon was avoiding UK taxes by reporting its European sales through a Luxembourg-based unit, and Hodge said that "people want to know why companies which benefit from an infrastructure paid for by them and who are paying people low wages who receive taxpayer-funded tax credits from the exchequer are not paying their fair share"."Times are tough and getting tougher," the Smiths write in their petition. "We face unrelenting pressure from huge online retailers undercutting prices, in particular Amazon, and it's pushing businesses like ours to the brink.
But what's even worse is that Amazon, despite making sales of £3.3 BILLION in the UK last year, does not pay any UK corporation tax on the profits from those sales. In my book, that is not a level playing field and leaves independent retailers like us struggling to compete just because we do the right thing."Back
in December, "we would have been glad with a few thousand signatures", said Frances Smith, "so to get almost 160,000 is just amazing.
It just shows you how much people care."Together with Hodge and the Smiths' local MP Chris White, the couple, who run the Kenilworth and Warwick bookshops, handed their petition in to Downing Street at 11am on 24 April. "I hope it will have an effect," said Frances Smith. "At least it's showing them how strongly people feel about it – that they have to act.

it's making people aware of the fact that if trademiner use their high street, it will be a

sad day when there's nothing left."BooksellersTax and spendingAmazon.comAlison Floodguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved.
| Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds     “Vanishing Waves,” a psychedelic science-fiction tale, is a discomfiting blend of visual ecstasy and narrative sterility.
Nick Swisher leads the Indians in a dance called the Tito–”just a little swivel in the hips.” The settlement covers some owners in the United States who leased or bought 2002-6 A4 or A6 models with continuously variable transmissions. Paul George of the Indiana Pacers played impressively against the Hawks on Sunday, and on Tuesday won the league’s Most Improved Player award.    
At the Department of Homeland Security, contract employees help write job descriptions for new headquarters workers. Private contractors also sign letters that officially offer employment.
And they meet new government hires on their first day on the job. Tommy Rees is Notre Dame's

starting quarterback again.    
It may seem like you're just getting into the swing of summer, but back to school shopping season is already upon us. New clothes, new shoes, new supplies, and, of course, a new backpack are all on our lists. The literary organization’s shortlists include Claire Vaye Watkins, Katherine Boo and Anne Applebaum.    
The three tales in “Pawn Shop Chronicles” involve robbery, meth and an Elvis impersonator.     Google this year has been gobbling up Web companies that look nothing like Google, from a social gaming start-up to a firm that powers most online sales for the airline

# by wijnstapis on on 2013-Nov-05

From scenic cigar breaks to urban obsolescence.     The

Architectural League of New York has bestowed its annual President’s Medal to Renzo Piano of Renzo Piano Building Workshop, the mind behind such iconic structures as Paris’s Centre Pompidou (1977) and London’s The Shard (2012)."Floss,
floss, floss!" You've been commanded by dentists

for years to heed that advice.
Now, it may be time to add "mouthwash, mouthwash, mouthwash!" to your oral health routine. Television highlights.
The U.S.
tightened security on cargo shipments flown from abroad Monday, banning "high-risk" cargo from flying

on passenger planes after last month's discovery of a plot that originated in Yemen to send bombs in shipped packages. Bilge Yildiz,

associate professor of nuclear science and engineering, is the winner of the 2012 Charles W. Tobias Young Investigator Award.
Established in 2003 by the Electrochemical Society (ECS), the biennial Tobias Award recognizes outstanding scientific or engineering work in fundamental or applied electrochemistry or solid-state science and technology by a young scientist or engineer.
The award ceremony

will take place in Hawaii in October 2012 at the joint international meeting of the Electrochemical Society and the Electrochemical Society of Japan, where Yildiz will present a keynote lecture.The
focus of Yildiz’s research is understanding the response of the surface physical chemistry of ionic solids when driven by dynamic environments of chemical reactivity and mechanical stress. Her goal is to advance quantitative understanding of tinnitus miracle activity and charge transport kinetics are driven by the environment, and to apply this knowledge to enable the design of novel surface chemistries for highly efficient solid oxide fuel/electrolysis cells and for corrosion-resistant materials.Yildiz’s research builds equally on experimental and computational techniques at comparable length and time scales.
She and her group have developed a unique capability to probe

the surface chemical and electronic state with high spatial resolution in situ at elevated temperatures, in reactive gas conditions, and with induced stresses, using

scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy (STM/STS). Her research has demonstrated and explained how elevated temperatures and material strain state alter the surface cation chemistry and electronic

structure on transition metal oxide surfaces. These results are important for describing and tuning the surface activity to oxygen reduction and water-splitting reactions.
Her group has elucidated quantitatively the mechanisms by which the

lattice strain facilitates oxygen ion diffusion in fluorite and perovskite oxides, and favors oxygen chemisorption and vacancy formation on perovskites.
These findings are important for accelerating oxygen transport and oxygen reduction kinetics on novel electrolyte and cathode structures made of ionic materials.In recent work, the Yildiz group has described how individual crystal dislocations perturb the surface electronic structure to increase reactivity in oxidative corrosion. These studies capture computationally the evolution of defect structures at the atomic level over experimental time scales, an important new capability to predict the vision-without glasses material microstructure both in high temperature fuel cells and in corrosion.
My annual rankings

of high schools were mentioned at a town meeting of the H-B Woodlawn Secondary Program recently.
Some students said they didn't like the great reputation I was giving their school. Rex Ryan is like every coach: He doesn't

want to see his best player leave. Whether an Oscar nominee's newfound

recognition in Hollywood will pay off in future, lasting and top-billed work is a crapshoot. Post Home Section staffers Jura Koncius and Terri Sapienza take questions on your decorating dilemmas.
This week they'll help you with your resolutions to get your home organized and save money in the New Year.
The battle for Dell has become a giant game of chicken between

Carl Icahn and Michael Dell, one that is tilted against the company’s shareholders.     SANFORD, Fla. — They heard “yelps” and “howling.” The witnesses giving wrenching testimony in a crowded courtroom here Wednesday were using those words to describe the sounds they heard in the final minutes

of a 17-year-old boy’s life. Read full article >>     MEXICO CITY -- All the police found in the abandoned Cadillac pickup truck were scissors and blood that matched the type of Diego Fernandez de Cevallos, the cigar-chomping political powerhouse who has not been seen again. With war imminent, it is best to stick to the basics.
Interactive proofs Shapeshifter-Yoga type of mathematical game, pioneered at MIT, in which one player — often called Arthur — tries to extract reliable information from an unreliable interlocutor — Merlin. In a new variation known as a rational proof, Merlin is still untrustworthy, but he's a rational actor, in the economic sense. Image: Howard Pyle Well-heeled consumers will never find it hard to splash out on sustainable mod-cons, but is concept truly scaleable?The eco home that Max O'Flaherty designed – which won his firm a coveted EU award at the Royal Institute of British

Architects annual awards last month – nearly didn't get built at all.The House on Mount Anville, which put his practice, Aughey

O'Flaherty, in the same bracket as star architects such as Zaha Hadid, was almost denied planning permission on the grounds that it would not have been sustainable to knock down its precursor: a 1970s bungalow."It was a leaky, drafty, poorly insulated house and there wasn't much architectural merit," says O'Flaherty.
Thankfully, he and his team were able to demonstrate to the council that replacing it with a new glass, brick and timber structure which would be far more energy efficient.In
his design, super insulation, an airtight frame and triple-glazed windows are employed to maximise solar gain and reduce CO2 emissions.
"We could show that, very quickly – after year four or five – that there would be a trade miner pdf that it would be more sustainable compared to the old house, and even a refurbished house."Slow
progressFor O'Flaherty, it is "infuriating" that more houses are not built to greener standards. Homes can be fitted with photovoltaic panels, geothermal collectors and other hyper-efficient systems and sensors that adjust to minute changes in humidity or temperature, but sometimes "first principles", such as using simple materials and positioning a building so that rooms follow the path of the sun, are all you need, he says.O'Flaherty added: "The construction industry is a very slow industry to change. If you are a house builder you want the lowest common denominator. You want the cheapest way from A to Z and you go with the norm."If you've got 100 houses and 95% are built in the traditional way and 5% in a more proactive way, it needs to be a particular consumer to go for the 5% – early adopters, forward-thinking people."Non-conventional solutionsO'Flaherty's response has been, rather cannily, to begin offering buyers an off-the-shelf eco home for a couple of hundred thousand euros. It

involves modular timber frame with thick thermal insulation, giving it an impressive BER A1 rating. It's early days, but it's a concept which has been successfully scaled up in some parts of Europe, and which he thinks could attract environmentally conscious consumers closer to home.Germany is one country where this kit eco directory of ezines review has blossomed, growing from a cottage industry into a major sector. WeberHaus, for instance, has built around 20,000 energy efficient "preconfigurated" houses across Europe since 1990, such as Passive Houses, a type of ultra-low energy home.A WeberHaus

home can be built for about €200,000, says Holger Heid, the company's product manager.

"If you compare the fuel, gas, electricity and other energy bills of a WeberHaus with a city flat, you can with our house easily [save] a quarter or fifth."The
market in Germany is however buoyed by a regulatory environment, which heightens the attractiveness of eco homes. "It depends a lot on the national building regulation," says Heid.
"The more stringent the regulation is, the more eco homes become a mass product and thus a mass market."Elsewhere in the world, price is often a major obstacle.
For many, living in eco home will seem about as obtainable as living in a Palladian villa overlooking Lake Como. "For the moment we can talk about the eco house concept like a niche market," says Ruxandra Stefanescu, of Romanian architectural practice Soleta.However, she says that a number of drivers are boosting their allure. "Rising

energy prices, the availability of a greater number of technologies and materials … and the mandatory assessment of buildings in terms of energy efficiency represent a favourable context.""When
you are depending on the public electricity network and when you Pregnancy Miracle review the price, then you start looking for non-conventional solutions."Bringing sustainable homes in to the mainstreamOne NGO pushing the case for a scaling up of eco housing on an international scale is the World Green Building Council. The organisation recently released a report, The Business Case for Green Building, which showed a serious mismatch between the actual costs of green buildings and developers' expectations. While the typical cost compared to conventional buildings ranged from minus 0.4% to a high of 12.5%, the report showed developers would often estimate the cost at up to 29% more.James Drinkwater, senior

policy advisor to the WGBC's Europe regional network, suggests that by continuing to collaborate on sustainable building design, the industry will not only get a better steer on costs, but in turn prices will be driven down."Breaking down the silos and creating collaboration in the supply chain is key

to scaling up the production of sustainable homes," he says, hinting that momentum is moving in the right direction."There has been an overall trend towards the reduction in design and construction costs associated with green building as building codes around the world become stricter, supply chains for green materials and technologies

mature and the industry becomes more skilled at delivering green buildings," he says.The backing of large developers is, of course, essential for improving the share of sustainable homes.
"There are developers who are passionate natural vitiligo treatment green building, and there are developers who are sustainability laggards," says Drinkwater."Unfortunately
in some countries the latter group are shouting the loudest and so policymakers are less inclined to transition towards higher standards for fear it will slow down the provision of housing."For O'Flaherty, if eco housing is ever to become truly mass scale, better advocacy and communication by business is fundamental. In this way, it's more than just a case of changing policy, it's about a wholesale change of direction."You
just have to keep banging the drum that there's a smarter way to build," he says.This
content is brought to you by Guardian Professional. Become GSB member to get more stories like this direct to your inboxScaling upSustainabilityWill Henleyguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds     The Highway Loss Data Institute has found that the F-250 is more likely to be stolen than any other vehicle.     A Chinese spacecraft blasted off for a 15-day mission to an experimental space lab, in what was China’s latest step toward the development of a space station.     Outrage as female authors relegated to 'American women novelists' subcategory, clearing space for all-male main pageThere are American novelists, and then there are American women novelists – at least according to Wikipedia, where outrage forex growth bot download building over the quiet categorisation of major names such as Harper Lee and Donna Tartt according to their gender.Wikipedia has a category for "American novelists", but it runs to so many

names that the site has said "pages in this category should be moved to subcategories where applicable". Yesterday, the authors – and females – Amanda Filipacchi and Elissa Schappell noticed that editors had begun moving women "one by one, alphabetically, from the 'American novelists' category to the 'American women novelists' subcategory", wrote Filipacchi in the New York Times. "If you look back in the 'history' of these women's pages, you can see that they used to appear in the category 'American novelists', but that they were recently bumped down. Male novelists on Wikipedia, however – no

matter how small or obscure they are – all get to be in the category 'American novelists'."There are currently 3,904 entries in "American novelists" on Wikipedia, and Filipacchi said that "the first few hundred of them are mainly men".
Schappell added: "It would appear that in order to make room for male writers, women novelists (such as Amy Tan, Harper Lee, Donna Tartt and 300 others) have been moved off the 'American novelists' page and into the 'American women novelists' category. Not the back of the bus, or the kiddie table exactly – except of course when you Google 'American novelists' the list ex girlfriend guru review is almost exclusively men."Their observations sparked a widespread condemnation of the policy on social media.
"Women writers are consistently underrepresented, their work receiving much less attention than that of their male counterparts.
In 2012 the New York Review of Books reviewed only 40 female authors, as opposed to 215 male authors," wrote Abigail Grace Murdy on the publisher Melville House's blog.
"The subcategory 'American women novelists' "simply reflects a widespread and belittling perception of women writers that already exists.
But in reflecting that perception, Wikipedia perpetuates it, and the sexism marches on."Wikipedia editors have now begun the task of adding the female writers back into the wider category, while debating the situation among themselves. "This is embarrassing us on a global basis.
If you don't segregate males and gender unknowns, then don't segregate women (and that's how it's being perceived)," wrote one.Another said: "Removing women from the list of novelists is like removing black or foreign-born novelists. Its effect is inherently biased. For those who want to find women novelists, a sublist is acceptable, but it cannot fairly involve removal from the main list. The effect is too discriminatory and drastic.
The same applies to all women-nationality lists (not only novelists). I think this kind of category, based on the characteristics of the novelist, is very different from a subcategory based on the characteristics of the novels, eg, mystery novelists or science-fiction novelists."An
Fibroids Miracle download has just launched a new "American men novelists" category, bizarrely only currently including Orson Scott Card, and PD Cacek – a woman.FictionWikipediaInternetWomenUnited StatesAlison Floodguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds     The tenants of one Dumbo building have turned their apartments into otherworldly environments. But

after filing for legal protection, they are at odds with their once-benevolent landlord.     Farmers in Abu Dhabi are working with the government on ambitious plans to cut their water use in half by next year.     The Fix loves March Madness. Filling out a bracket is one of our true pleasures in life. So, we got to thinking. If a bracket competition works for college hoops, why not for presidential politics? Out of that idea, The Fix's Sweet 2016 was born! (Click on the bracket below for a larger version.)
Read full article >> J.
SALINGER A Life By Kenneth Slawenski Random House. 450 pp.
$27 Kenneth Slawenski broadens our understanding of the personal and literary life of a remarkable American writer in his biography "J.D.
Although sometimes careless with language and facts, Slawenski unearths new deta...
Despite major changes in the racial makeup of American public school students, the people training to be teachers are still predominantly


# by wijnstapis on on 2013-Nov-05

Helen Oyeyemi can’t remember when she started writing.     Democrats in the House begrudgingly approved an additional $37 billion to fund the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan on Thursday, as a growing number of members of President Obama's own party cast doubts about his strategy in Afghanistan.The songs of Tom Kitt and Brian Yorkey were performed on Friday at Lincoln Center as part of its American Songbook series. An easy interface then presents users with the bottom-line data they need to know: how much a solar conversion would cost, and how long, given current levels of energy use, that investment would take to pay off.
This particular tool, and others Reinhart and his students are developing for commercial enterprises, all feature interfaces that make financial costs and

benefits easy to access.“In theory, there is a lot of money lying around that people would like to invest in green buildings,” Reinhart says.
“But there is a lot of doubt that you get your money back.
So we find that this kind of analysis is very welcome.”Ultimately, Reinhart’s research, and projects such as the Cambridge Solar Map, have multiple audiences. Planners, developers and engineers can benefit from knowing more about daylight — but so can architects, by incorporating empirical light models into their designs. Reinhart thinks the architecture tinnitus miracle and, ultimately, building occupants — will benefit from this

kind of convergence. “I love design,” Reinhart says, adding: “I think the most relevant research in building science, in this domain, has to be done in a school

of architecture. Because the classroom is the lab … the architecture students come with wider questions [about using your own research].
That’s the best thing that can happen to you.” The special rapporteur on torture was due to visit Bahrain next month to look into reports that the authorities there had abused and tortured protesters in detention. The Al Nour party, seen as a potential kingmaker in Egyptian politics, announced its decision after what it called a “massacre” of protesters

on Monday in Cairo.    
Turning down the temperature on this warming planet will require innovation and trillions of dollars. Andrés Granier of Tabasco State, was taken into custody on Tuesday on charges of embezzling millions of dollars in public funds.     MIT composer Peter Child may have been born in England, but these days he's steeped in "Americana.""Americana" is the title of a program to be presented by the New England Philharmonic, where Child is composer in residence. The program will include the world premiere of Child's

choral piece, "The Sifting: Three Songs of Longfellow." The orchestra vision-without glasses on Saturday, March 4, in Kresge Auditorium at 8 p.m. Admission is free with an MIT ID."The Sifting" will be performed with the Simmons College Chorale, directed by Sharon Brown, and the Boston Conservatory's Women's Chorus, directed

by Miguel Felipe.
Child selected the three Longfellow poems with the Philharmonic's theme in mind, he said. The trio express a "compelling Romantic philosophy," he said. "They condemn worldly ambition, express a sense of ideal reality that underlies appearance and everyday illusion, and extol a sense of divinity contained in human beings.
It is this 'transcendentalist' quality, combined with their lyricism, that attracted me," Child writes in his program notes.
The concert will also include Elliott Carter's "Variations for Orchestra"; Gunther Schuller's "Violin Concerto No.
2" (Danielle Maddon, violin); and Charles Ives' "Three Places in New

For more information, visit www.nephilharmonic.org. America's beloved television is getting an extreme Internet makeover, and questions over what shows viewers will get online and how much they pay for them could soon be resolved by the Federal Communications Commission.
The airport transit area where Edward J. Snowden is believed to be planning his next move is being patrolled by people hoping to get a glimpse of him.     The plant, at Hinkley Point in southwest England, is to generate Shapeshifter-Yoga for five million homes, and be the first step toward updating a fleet of nine

aging nuclear

plants. The play “Lucky Guy,” Nora Ephron’s last completed work, is about a journalist who kept striving to do his best work even as he was dying of cancer.
He was her inspiration to do the same. Thanks to a boutique management company in Dublin, the world’s No. 2-ranked golfer has put himself in a position to build a sports empire.    

Cardiff panel bars hears Emma Louise Ager bombarded boy with text messages and told him he would be 'a legend'A woman who had sex with a 16-year-old school pupil has been struck off the teaching register by a disciplinary panel.Emma Louise Ager was teaching English at Rhymney comprehensive, in South Wales, when she began the relationship with the teenager.A hearing in Cardiff was told the pair would meet up almost daily to have sex in her car, with her telling him he would be "a legend" among his friends.Miss Ager, 34, denied the allegations, but a General Teaching Council for Wales (GTCW) panel found her guilty of unacceptable professional conduct.The panel chairman, Steve Powell, ruled that Ager would be subject to an "indefinite" prohibition order."The gravity of her conduct was such that the registrant's readmittance trade miner pdf be in the interests of pupils or parents."The
order is necessary to protect pupils and maintain confidence in the teaching profession," he said.The boy, referred to as Pupil A in the hearing, was studying for his GSCEs when Ager began driving him to secret sex sessions in a factory car park in 2008.At
that time the Irish-born teacher had been at the school for two years.Pupil A said the relationship had begun after a friend of his got hold of her mobile phone number. After a prank call to her number, Ager phoned back and the pair chatted.During
an earlier hearing the boy, now 22, told the panel: "She put a bet on me not being able to keep up with her during sex."He
later claimed the teacher had "bombarded" him with phone calls

and sexual text messages during their two-month relationship, in March 2008.

relationship ended after Pupil A got back with his ex-girlfriend."It was common knowledge among pupils in the school but I don't know if the teachers knew," he had told the hearing.The relationship eventually did come to light after the boy's mother overheard a phone call between the pair and also saw text messages on her son's phone.After a meeting with the school's then headteacher, Meredydd Davies James, directory of ezines review on 20 March.James had denied knowing about the relationship between teacher and pupil.He stressed he had only heard gossip about alleged inappropriate behaviour, and believed there was no real substance to the claims.However, the GTCW panel ruled that James had not followed the proper child protection procedures on three occasions and was therefore guilty of unacceptable professional conduct.It came to that decision after hearing evidence

the former school head had provided Ager with references for future teaching jobs, with one saying her relationship with students was good.James,
62, has since retired, though in theory he could have gone back into teaching. With this possibility in mind, the panel decided to make him the subject of a suspension order.Powell
said the lesser sanctions of a reprimand or conditional registration order were insufficient."The conduct cannot be described as an isolated lapse," he added.James's name will be removed from the teaching register for a period of three months. If he wants to reapply, he will have to pass a training programme.Neither Ager nor James were present at the hearing, in the Parc Hotel, Cardiff.WalesCardiffChild protectionChildrenSocial careTeachingSchoolsguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds     This Pregnancy Miracle review the team Ken Hitchcock expected to coach.
Yet minus an entire line for an extended stretch and with an All-Star goalie benched indefinitely,

the St.
Louis Blues have answered the challenge. What two U.S.
agencies recently took steps that together may come close to halting research using chimpanzees?     NEW YORK, Jan. 12 -- Wall Street extended last week's slide Monday as investors worried that

the quarterly results companies begin releasing this week will signal the economy is in worse shape than feared. Living systems are made of complex architectural organization of various cell types in defined microenvironments. The intricate interactions between different cell types control the specific functions of the associated tissues, such as the functions of native liver and cardiac tissues, metastasis and invasion of tumors, and embryonic development. Replicating these complex associations could be useful for fabricating healthy tissues for regenerative medicine; diseased tissues, such as tumors, for drug discovery; models to study embryonic development; and models to study tissue morphogenesis.
However, it has remained a challenge to control the targeted spatial organization of multiple

cell types in defined microenvironments by using previous methods.

researchers have developed a new versatile technique to control spatial distribution of multiple cell types in predefined 3-D geometries which was described in a paper published natural vitiligo treatment 3 in Advanced Materials. They fabricated

dynamic microstructures from a thermoresponsive polymer. These microstructures responded to temperature by changing their shape. MIT researchers exploited the temperature dependent shape changing characteristic of dynamic microstructures to seed different cell types at different temperatures.
Spatial organization of multiple cell types was obtained in square and circular geometries.
Halil Tekin, the leading author of the paper, is a graduate student in electrical engineering and computer science at MIT. MIT undergraduate students Jefferson Sanchez ’13, Christian Landeros '14 and Karen Dubbin ’12 are other authors of the paper.
Senior authors of the paper are Ali Khademhosseini, associate professor in the Harvard-MIT Health Sciences and Technology; and Robert Langer, the David H. Koch Institute professor at MIT.
Undergraduate students Tonia Tsinman ’13 and Brianna Jones '14 also have contributed to the research during the early development of dynamic microstructures.Different
geometries can be obtained by using molds with different shapes. One could use these dynamic microstructures to replicate a microscale lobule of a human liver or microscale human cardiac tissues by using the associated cell types. These biomimetic tissues could be highly useful to test drug candidates without requiring the animal experiments which take more time and investment. Tissues mimicking the

native tissues could also be implanted to human body.
forex growth bot download could be to recapitulate the tumor microenvironments. Various cell types associated with particular tumors could be spatially organized by using dynamic microstructures. The tumor models mimicking the native ones can be highly beneficial for drug discovery.
The intricate interactions between various cell types regulating cell-signaling circuitry in a tumor microenvironment can be investigated by employing the dynamic microstructures.
MIT researchers also propose that these dynamic microstructures may potentially be useful to study embryonic development. Previous methods lacked mimicking dynamically changing geometry of embryo and controlling the spatial distribution of various cell types.
The underlying mechanisms of early developmental stages could be studied by patterning associated cell types in various geometries.
In the future, it would also be possible to fabricate microstructures changing their shapes by sensing the secreted proteins from the cells, which could be employed to replicate the embryonic development. Trey Burke led Michigan to within a few points of a national title, a stirring finish to his college career that validated his

decision to return to the Wolverines for his sophomore season.     See how designers have visualised the novel The Spire over the years, and look at some rare pictures of Golding himself, from sea cadet to ancient marinerSam Jordison     Bucks readers who face fluctuations in income discuss their investment strategies. ex girlfriend guru review of hacking collective Anonymous UK allegedly raped woman in a tent outside St Paul's cathedralA self-declared leader of the hacking collective Anonymous UK twice raped a woman at the Occupy London camp outside St Paul's cathedral in central in London, a court has heard.Malcolm
Blackman, 45, allegedly raped the woman once when she was asleep in a tent at the camp, and again a week later.
On a separate occasion he forcibly put cable ties round her wrists to restrain her, the Old Bailey was told.Giving evidence behind a screen, the woman said she lived in south London but spent weekends at the Occupy camp, which was set up in mid-October 2011 and then removed by police and bailiffs the following February.She described being befriended by Blackman at Occupy: "He was part of a group calling themselves Anonymous UK. He was a welcoming sort of character, people turned to him and said, 'What do we do about this?' He seemed to be a leader sort of person."The
pair began a relationship, kept secret from others, in the run-up to the New Year.
The woman said she was kissing Blackman in her tent on 14 January when he put cable ties over her hands and forced her onto the floor. Breaking down in tears Fibroids Miracle download "He pulled my hands behind me, grabbed hold of my arms and put

something around my wrists and tied them very tightly."The woman said she was crying at the time but felt too shocked and afraid to protest too vigorously: "I told him he's hurt me, but he didn't seem bothered, he just said next

time we'll have to use a code word. I just got dressed and lay there crying."The following week, the woman said, she fell asleep talking to Blackman in the tent and woke up to find him raping her. She said: "I was scared of how he would react if I told anyone.
I had seen him get angry with other people in the camp, and I thought if I started talking about it he wouldn't agree."She
said she was raped again by him a week later. Her testimony was to continue on Friday.Blackman, from Weston-super-Mare, Avon, denies two

counts of rape.
The trial continues.RapeOccupy LondonLondonProtestOccupy movementAnonymousHackingPeter Walkerguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds     In Joyce Carol Oates’s new novel, a curse infects Princeton, N. J., beginning in 1905 when a new bride is abducted by a demon in front of a church


# by bouigravew on on 2013-Nov-06

Ayad Akhtar’s “The Who and the What” and “Stop Hitting Yourself,” devised by the Rude Mechs, will be staged at the Claire Tow Theater.    
As Earth Day approaches, we asked: What makes this planet so remarkable? The Museum of Natural History and NASA responded.    MIT’s OpenCourseWare has released a new version of Linear Algebra, one of its most visited courses, in the innovative OCW Scholar format designed for independent learners. Taught by Professor Gilbert Strang, 18.06SC Linear Algebra addresses systems of linear equations and the properties of matrices. The concepts of linear

algebra are used to solve problems in physics, economics, engineering and other disciplines. 18.06SC
is the first of six OCW Scholar courses planned for release by the end of February.Linear Algebra was one of the original 50 courses published on the MIT OpenCourseWare proof-of-concept site launched in 2002. Over the past

10 years, this course has received a total of 3.1 million visits from educators and learners around the world. Strang, who is one of the most widely known mathematicians in the world, hopes that the new, robust version — with its problem-solving videos — will help students everywhere.“I'm very proud of this new version of 18.06,” Strang says.
“OCW has reached out to millions of educators and learners around the globe. With this new approach, even more people can see the beauty and usefulness of Linear forex growth bot September, Strang was named the first MathWorks Professor of Mathematics, assuming a professorship recently endowed by MathWorks, the maker of mathematical software.OCW
Scholar courses represent a new approach to OCW publication.
MIT professors and students work closely with the OCW team to restructure the learning experience for independent learners, who typically have few additional resources available to them.
The courses offer more materials than typical OCW courses and include new custom-created content. The OCW Scholar version of Linear Algebra includes videos of all the course lectures supplemented by lecture summaries and by 36 short videos showing how to solve specific problems.The first five of a planned 15 OCW Scholar courses were launched by

MIT OpenCourseWare in January 2011, and have collectively received more than 800,000 visits in less than a year. The initial OCW Scholar courses included Classical Mechanics, Electricity and Magnetism, Solid State Chemistry, Single Variable Calculus and

Multivariable Calculus. Linear Algebra is the first

of seven OCW Scholar courses that will be published in 2012. Other upcoming OCW Scholar courses include Principles of Microeconomics, Differential Equations, Introduction to Psychology, Fundamentals of Biology, Introduction to Electrical Engineering and Computer Science I, and Introduction to Computer Science and Programming. OCW Scholar courses are published on the OCW site with the support of the Stanton Foundation.
MARACAY, VENEZUELA -- Calling itself the most labor-friendly government in Latin Pregnancy Miracle pdf Hugo Chávez's socialist administration has

repeatedly increased the minimum wage, turned over the management of some nationalized companies to workers and fostered the creation of new unions. Toronto FC midfielder Maurice Edu, a former Maryland Terrapin, was voted Major League Soccer's rookie of the year yesterday, three

weeks after making his international debut. NEW YORK -- Almost half of U.S.
companies that reduced or suspended their contributions to employee retirement plans during the recession haven't restored them, according to Towers Watson. The baseball star Curt Schilling dazzled a state government with his video-game business plan. But two years later, it was game over.    
The Denver Nuggets have hired Brian Shaw as their new coach, the Denver Post reported on Monday, giving the long-time assistant his first top job in the NBA.     Mr. Coles coached Miami University in Ohio and Wally Szczerbiak to a memorable N.C.A.A.
basketball tournament run in 1999.    
In “The Last Exorcism: Part II,” the victim of the first film in this series is in a house for recovering trauma patients in New Orleans when her demon again comes a-courting.
UNITED NATIONS - Hardeep Singh Puri, India's ambassador to the United Nations, last month ran headfirst into a controversial new Transportation Security Administration inspection policy for many foreign travelers.
Chad’s president confirmed the

death of the toughest and most ruthless of the Al ex girlfriend guru in the region.
The 1 percent drop in

drug spending was partly a sign of the rising use of generics, but experts warn that the high cost of specialty medicines could reverse the downturn.
LAS VEGAS -- Las Vegas casinos, fighting hard to rebound

from a dreadful stretch for tourism, face a new threat if NFL players and owners can't agree on a new contract. The best bets and latest news in our daily horse racing blogWhile most horses with a comparable degree of talent have been at Cheltenham this week, Carruthers (3.50) has been having a quiet time of it in Letcombe Bassett, being prepared for Saturday's Midlands Grand National at Uttoxeter. It is the first time since 2007 that he has not taken part in the Festival, where he led the Gold Cup field for a long way in Imperial Commander's year.Now 10, Carruthers is not quite up to such feats any more but he is an excellent handicap chaser, as he has shown by

winning his last two races in that sphere, at Ffos Las on Boxing Day and again there last month. Part of the reason for his return to form may be the presence in the saddle of the talented amateur Nico de Boinville, who has ridden him only on those two occasions and gets the leg-up again for this race.Raised
trade miner pdf his latest success, Carruthers must surely go well if in the same frame of mind.
There are a couple of other potential front-runners in the field but he has not minded having company in front when successful recently.2.05 Uttoxeter: The use of a tongue tie appears to have turned things round for Rocky Elsom, the winner of his last two races. He has been raised 10lb for this but faces a mostly unpromising collection of rivals.2.20
Lingfield: On a run of five consecutive wins Tarooq seems to have benefited from gradually being stepped down in trip. Five furlongs is shorter again than anything he has tried but he has plenty of zip.2.40 Uttoxeter: Savant Bleu ran into a well-handicapped rival when second to Twirling Magnet at Newbury last time, the pair eight lengths clear of their dozen rivals. He can defy a 6lb rise for that and appears the most progressive in this small field.2.55 Lingfield: Marco Botti has started the year well, with 17 winners already

at a 27% strike-rate, and Teophilip can sustain the good work.
On a steep upward curve, he has also benefited from a tongue tie and is value for more than the 6lb by which he has been raised for his latest win.3.15 Uttoxeter: At a decent price Hold Court is worth consideration, especially if the going has not worsened natural vitiligo treatment the "off" time. A dual hurdles winner at Ludlow in the autumn, he

could not live with The New One at Warwick in January and was held up off a steady pace on his handicap debut last time.
This race may pan out better for him and he is not harshly treated.3.30 Lingfield: Roger Varian is just starting his season but can be relied upon to have Farraaj ready for the Winter Derby. He clocked a good time when landing a Listed race over this course and distance in November, his first run for seven months, during which time he was gelded. He had been third in the Breeders' Cup Juvenile Turf the previous year.Horse racing tipsHorse racingChris Cookguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved.
| Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds Schoolgirls face dangers of many sorts in “Graceland,” which focuses on a Filipino driver trying to do what he must for his family.     Economists often talk about “moral hazard,” the idea that people’s behavior changes in the presence of insurance. In finance, for instance, investors may take more risks if they know they will be bailed out, the subject of ongoing political controversy.
When it comes to health insurance, the existence of moral hazard is a more matter-of-fact Shapeshifter Yoga download people get health insurance, they use more medical care, as shown by research including a recent randomized study on the impact of Medicaid, which MIT economist Amy Finkelstein helped lead.
Such evidence helps explain why insurers and policymakers looking to reduce overall costs have become increasingly attracted to the concept of “consumer-directed medical care,” in which consumers pay for a larger share of medical expenses, sometimes in the form of high-deductible insurance plans. If people have to bear greater initial costs (the deductible is the amount consumers must pay before coverage kicks in), they may be less likely to seek insured medical care for seemingly marginal health issues.But a new paper co-authored by Finkelstein suggests that forecasting the likely spending reduction associated with high deductibles requires a fine-grained approach, to account for the differing ways consumers respond to incentives in the health-care market.
The research indicates that consumers select insurance plans based not only on their overall wellness level — with people in worse health opting for more robust coverage — but also on their own anticipated response to having insurance. By scrutinizing a large data set based on choices made by employees of Alcoa, Inc., the researchers found that consumers selecting a new insurance policy who expect to reduce their use of medical care by a lot if they have to pick up additional costs vision without-glasses from high-deductible plans; by contrast, the people who opt for high-deductible plans are the ones who expect to change their health-care use the least.Thus
insurers, or at least those who expect that offering more high-deductible plans will lower their expenses, may experience smaller spending changes than they might expect if a random group of people were assigned to such plans. “What we [find] is that if you base your forecasts on random assignment, you would substantially overestimate the spending reduction you can get by introducing high-deductible plans,” says Finkelstein, the Ford Professor of Economics at MIT. “The people who select these plans aren’t randomly drawn from the population — they tend to be people who have a lower behavioral response to the [insurance] contract.”Anticipating changes in behaviorTo grasp this dynamic at work, Finkelstein suggests an analogy to an all-you-can-eat restaurant where the customers are there for two reasons: one group with consistently robust appetites, and another group who, by not having to pay a la carte, can have a larger meal than

usual at a decent price.
When it comes to health care, she suggests, consumers can also be divided into two similar categories: those who consistently seek a lot of coverage, and those who, given greater coverage, will change their behavior, and suddenly use much more medical care.
But how much more care do people Fibroids Miracle second group seek? The paper, “Selection on Moral Hazard in Health Insurance,” published this month in the American Economic Review, answers that question by scrutinizing health-plan choices made between 2003 and 2006 by more than 4,000 employees at Alcoa, the global aluminum producer. The researchers were able to assess the overall

health status of individuals, the health-plan choices employees made when switching coverage, and subsequent medical claims. The varying Alcoa plans offered different deductibles, but used the same network of health-care providers, meaning consumer choices were heavily based on financial concerns.
By analyzing the data this way, the

researchers were able to identify the links between insurance-plan choices, overall health status, and changes in behavior — or “moral hazard” — as measured by increased claims. In quantitative terms, their bottom-line finding is that these two factors are equally significant: “Selection on moral hazard is roughly

as important as selection on health risk,” the paper notes.“There may be heterogeneity, and people may differ in how much more they spend when they get health insurance,” Finkelstein notes.That finding could influence the way insurance firms and policymakers structure plan choices and estimate overall costs.
“In a world in

which people chose health plans based on not just

how sick they think they are, but also on how much they think they’re going to increase their medical care use when tinnitus miracle is subsidized,” Finkelstein says, it could significantly affect how much health-care

spending would be reduced through mechanisms such as high-deductible plans.In addition to Finkelstein, the co-authors of the paper are Mark Cullen, a professor in Stanford University’s School of Medicine; Liran Einav, an economist at Stanford; Stephen Ryan, an economist at the University of Texas at Austin; and Paul Schrimpf, an economist at the University of British Columbia.
Since 1997, Cullen has worked in coordination with Alcoa to study employee health issues.Hard evidence — but more would be usefulBen Handel, an economist at the University of California at Berkeley who focuses on health-care issues, calls the study “a fantastic paper,” both

because of the way it reveals heterogeneity in the way people chose insurance plans and because of the granular data it contains.
“They’ve done a great job of acquiring this very, very detailed data on health-insurance choices, claims, and many aspects of these individuals,” Handel says. “I think research on these kinds of questions is moving a lot in the direction of looking for this kind of individual-level data, and [the co-authors] have been leading the charge on that.”For
her part, Finkelstein emphasizes that the topic could use additional investigation.“I view this paper as a proof of concept that this phenomenon exists and can be important,” Finkelstein says. “Now what we need to do — directory of ezine and other researchers, hopefully — is to think about this in other settings, besides just the employee benefits of Alcoa.”The
research received funding from Alcoa, Inc., as well as the National Institute on Aging, the National Science Foundation, the Alfred P.
Sloan Foundation, the John D.
and Catherine T.
MacArthur Foundation Network on Socioeconomic Status and Health, and a grant from the U.S. Social Security Administration to the National Bureau of Economic Research.
The film studio will work with Kevin McCollum, a Broadway producer, to create live theater out of movies in its catalog.     THE QUESTION People who are physically active tend to live longer.
Might being inactive, specifically spending a lot of time

simply sitting, have the opposite effect? Keep in mind Professor Trelawney's divination class

at the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft Wizardry, and much of what happened in the iOSphere this week becomes clear.
Shareholders, bondholders and large depositors will share losses when European banks fail in future, after finance ministers finally reach deal at late-night talks in BrusselsGraeme Wearden     It's been almost four months since David Bowie announced he was

returning from semi-retirement and s[...]
Heavy rain, lightning and a severe weather warning have disrupted Wednesday's Pro-Am event at the PGA Tour's Zurich Classic, briefly forcing players and fans to take shelter

in the TPC Louisiana clubhouse.    
A previous marriage, cancer and eventually a long-distance

# by sanclubro on on 2013-Nov-06

stocks fell, ending the Dow Jones industrial average's longest winning

streak in two months, following worse-than-estimated sales at Bank of America, Citigroup and General Electric and consumer confidence that sank to the lowest level in a year.
Arizona’s boundary with Mexico was once considered the busiest border battlefront, and officials have declared that they would make a “last stand” there.It's two weeks into 2007, and chances are you've already broken your new year's resolutions. We know how it goes.
Director Craig Zobel talks about Compliance, his new film based on a real-life hoax caller who preyed on fast-food chainsIt's a busy Friday night in a branch of the US fast-food chain ChickWich.
A harassed, middle-aged manager takes a call from a police officer, who informs her that there is a thief on the premises: a female employee has stolen money from a customer's purse, and it is up to her to detain the teenage miscreant until the police arrive. As a law-abiding member of the public, the manager is eager to help. Eager to a fault, in fact.
"I'll do everything you need," she says, as she prepares to carry out his first task: a strip-search of the employee. There's just one problem. The voice belongs not to a policeman but to a hoax-caller determined to test the limits of human subservience to authority.Although this is the premise for the cringingly suspenseful new film Compliance, it also actually happened. And not just once: over the course of 10 years starting in the mid-1990s, 70 such cases of prank callers Fibroids-Miracle review into performing humiliating acts on their workmates were reported across 30 US

states. A suspect – David Stewart, a married father of five – was arrested and tried in relation to one of these prank calls, but was acquitted. McDonald's, Taco Bell and Wendy's were among those targeted but, as this is a fictional film rather than a documentary, the name of the chain – ChickWich – has been fabricated."When
I first heard about the case, it threw up questions I didn't have the answers to," explains Craig Zobel, the 36-year-old American writer and director of the film.
"I was thinking: 'Who is wrong in

the situation and exactly how wrong are they?' What amount of blame can you place on the manager, for instance? Some, certainly, but how much? She was very skilfully manipulated."Many
audiences, he concedes, have been incredulous about the

behaviour of characters in Compliance. It isn't only the manager who takes leave of her senses in the presence of this perceived authority figure.
On her say-so, junior staff members and even her own fiance collude in the incremental abuse of this young woman, some by active participation and others through simply doing nothing. Meanwhile, the victim clutches an apron to her naked body while the voice on the phone demands ever-more degrading punishments.Zobel's previous works include the award-winning 2007 comedy The Great World of Sound, about record industry talent scouts. Real people performed in its audition scenes without knowing it was actually a film shoot. Compliance reflects Zobel's belief that most of us have a tendency, trademiner to acquiesce to authority. "I've had experience of that, and not only with cops. Sometimes, I'll do what a security guard tells me. Then you think, 'Wait – I didn't have to obey you!' And yet we do.
We trust that they are there to protect us and that they

won't abuse that. It's a social contract.
I hesitate to say the film is about one thing, but to my mind it deals with how people use authority, how people respond to it, and how it's baked into all the decisions we make."Compliance has already been acclaimed by other directors including William Friedkin (who called it "brave, important and chilling"), Paul Schrader, Todd Solondz and John Waters (who chose it as one of his 2012 favourites).
And it has all the makings of a provocative, must-see talking-point, along the lines of last year's The Imposter, a documentary about French conman Frédéric Bourdin.
As unpleasant as it is to sit through, Compliance is expansive and illuminating; its metaphorical reach is so vast it takes only the smallest of mental leaps to get from the ChickWich store room to the horrors of Abu Ghraib, Guantánamo Bay, and even Nazi Germany. "I hope it generates discussion," says Zobel. "That's what it was made for. I didn't want to impose my perspective on

the film. It was more like, 'This happened and it seems outlandish and crazy to me – what about you?'"It also feels appropriate that the entire ghastly horror story should happen in a fast-food joint, the sort of place vision without glasses review without entering a zone of denial about what exactly they're consuming. "It's like Oz, isn't it?" says Zobel.
"'Don't look behind the curtain. I don't want to know how many calories are in this!' I think the same story could have happened in, say, a financial institution, but the fast-food environment is one where authority is so structured that it seems to lend itself to this abuse. And when you think about it, what's the first thing they say to you when you walk up to the counter?" He pauses. "'Can I take your order?'"Compliance is released on Friday.DramaRyan
Gilbeyguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject

to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds Police officers visited tight end Aaron Hernandez’s house

in Massachusetts on Tuesday after a body was found Monday in an industrial park about a mile

away.     “Here Lies Love,” the exciting new poperetta conceived by the musician (and former Talking Head) David Byrne, sets a new standard for audience participation.     TCM’s “Western Horizons” set gathers five Universal westerns, while “The Philo Vance Murder Case Collection” gathers six takes on S. S. Van Dine’s detective. Prayad Marksaeng shot a final-round 64 for a 24-under-par total of 264 to win the Thailand Open Sunday. The photographer Julia Solis has documented abandoned performance spaces for a Web site and a new book.    
The Bruce High

Quality Foundation, made up of evidently young, anonymous art rebels, looks back at its first 12 years in Shapeshifter-Yoga cacophonous Brooklyn Museum show.     The Mail on Sunday has appointed the first female sports editor of a national newspaper - Alison Kervin.She is a former chief sports feature writer for The Times, was the chief sports interviewer for the Daily Telegraph and edited the London 2012 Olympic programme.Kervin
has enjoyed a wonderfully varied career. A sports science graduate, she was in the England gymnastics squad before qualifying as a coach for no fewer than 10 sports.
In 1991, she became the first woman to referee a rugby match

at Twickenham.In 1994, she was appointed editor of Rugby World magazine. Three years later, she became publisher of IPC sports publications, overseeing Rugby World, Shoot, 90 minutes and Golf Monthly.And in 1999 she became rugby editor of The Times before being promoted to be the paper's chief sports feature writer in 2003.She left, as a young mother, in 2006 to embark on a series of book projects. She wrote Sir Clive Woodward's biography, and then co-wrote autobiographies with Olympic athlete Denise Lewis and England rugby stars Jason Leonard and Phil Vickery.
She has also written a

history of the rugby world cup plus five novels.For a year from 2008, Kervin was also chief sports interviewer for the Daily Telegraph.She
take up her Mail on Sunday post next month, editing the paper's weekly 24-page pullout sports section, plus its news section on the back pages of the main newspaper.She

describes her new job as "an unmissable opportunity" adding: "I have no doubt we can take a very strong sports section to Pregnancy Miracle pdf heights."Editor
Geordie Greig, proud of setting a Fleet Street record, said: "Alison is a hugely impressive figure in the sports world with a sporting pedigree few sports editors can rival. "Of course, it really doesn't matter whether the Mail on Sunday's sports editor is a man or a woman – but I can think of no better candidate to break the mould than Alison."Mail
on SundayGeordie GreigNational newspapersNewspapersThe TimesDaily TelegraphRugby unionRoy Greensladeguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
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Terms & Conditions | More Feeds Bacteria swim by rotating the helical, hairlike flagella that extend from their unicellular bodies. Some bacteria, including the Escherichia coli (E. coli) living in the human gut, have multiple flagella that rotate as a bundle to move the cell forward.
These cells turn somewhat acrobatically by unbundling their flagella, causing the cell to tumble, reorient and strike out in another direction.But many microbes, including 90

percent of motile marine bacteria, have only a single rigid flagellum; they are able to swim both forward and backward by rotating this flagellum either counterclockwise or clockwise. These microbes change direction with a sideways “flick” of their lone flagellum — a flick first documented in 2011 as a unique swimming stroke whose mechanism has remained a mystery.
Now, using high-speed video to record individual swimming bacteria at up to 1,000 frames per second, researchers at MIT have seen that the flick occurs when the so-called “hook,” a small flexible rod connecting ex girlfriend guru review to the cell’s internal motor, buckles during forward swims. The drag on the cell head caused by the water’s resistance combines with the opposing thrust force from the rotating flagellum to compress the hook, causing it to buckle and flick the cell into a 90-degree reorientation, the researchers say in a paper published online July 7 in Nature Physics. The ability to reorient by flicking ultimately helps bacteria make their way toward food in the nutrient-sparse ocean.
This might seem like an awkward means of navigation. But when you consider that marine bacteria can swim at nearly 100 body lengths per second — the equivalent of a car traveling 900 mph, faster than the speed of sound — and the flagellum spins at more than 1,000 revolutions per second, the 10-millisecond buckling of the hook seems a little more spectacular. The mechanism is of particular interest to engineers, who traditionally focus on the prevention of buckling to avoid failure in structures.
‘Controlled failure’“The bacteria have evolved to exploit this structural failure as a strategy,” says lead author Roman Stocker, an associate professor in MIT’s Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, whose research focuses on the ecology and biophysics of ocean microbes. “E. coli and other multiflagellated microbes have to synthesize and maintain

all those flagella. But marine bacteria are able to achieve the same functionality with just one flagellum by turning physics on its head. It’s controlled failure.”
Stocker’s co-authors on the paper are graduate student

Kwangmin Son and postdoc Jeffrey Guasto. Their research was funded by the tinnitusmiracle Foundation.Understanding how marine microbes use controlled failure to change swimming direction is useful in its own right: Despite their small size, marine microorganisms are at the base of the ocean food chain, and can cause red tides, decimate coral reefs or clean up oil spills. But this work also may have future applications in soft robotics or bioengineered systems for drug delivery. “A single actuator, the flagellum, enables both propulsion and turning in these bacteria,” Guasto says.
“This is a well-known principle in robotics called ‘underactuation,’ but it is rarely considered at the micrometer scale.”Stocker
attributes the insight that buckling is the mechanism responsible for the flick to the “engineering bias” stemming from the team’s knowledge of mechanics: “When our high-speed imaging showed that flicks only occurred during forward motion, we intuited that this implied compression, and thus the potential for buckling.” But the key to discovering the mechanism was in the high spatial and temporal resolution of the imaging technology, he says.
Bacterial three-point turnThe researchers studied the swimming patterns of the bacterium Vibrio alginolyticus by tracking individual cells and saw that the microbe executes a sort of three-point turn consisting of a backward swim, a brief forward swim lasting only 10 milliseconds, and then the 90-degree flick to a new direction caused by the buckling of the hook. After the flick, when the bacteria swim at a steady speed, the hook twists up and becomes stiffer, and flicking does not occur.
To test their hypothesis that compression was responsible for the flicking process, Son and Guasto directory of ezines concentration of sodium ions in the water. Because a sodium ion pump drives the cell’s motor, decreasing the salt content slows the microbes, and thus decreases compressive forces on the hook, preventing the flick. Altogether they studied the trajectories of more than 17,000 bacteria, including a coral pathogen and a mixed community of microbes from the Atlantic Ocean.
All displayed the same swimming pattern, leading to the conclusion that this remarkable maneuver is a common means of reorientation for marine microbes.
“At first blush, one might think that a single polar flagellum is a more economical design than multiple … flagella, especially since flagellar bundles are not very efficient,” Howard Berg, the Herchel Smith Professor of Physics and professor of molecular and cellular biology at Harvard University, writes in an analysis published in the same issue of Nature

Physics. “But most of the costs in this business are in the construction, not in the operation.
Presumably, it’s cheaper to place motors at random positions along the cell wall than it is to mount them on a specific platform at one pole.
One benefit of the polar design might be enhanced swimming speeds; one cost a more constrained search paradigm. Nature appears to have stumbled upon a solution to the latter problem: a flick triggered by a buckling instability.”“The buckling of the hook of these bacteria is one of the smallest examples in nature of structural failure turned into biological function, and it is a pervasive

strategy in the ocean,” says Son, who is the paper’s first author.
“Above forex growth bot download have remained astonished throughout this project at the resourcefulness of these smallest of all organisms,” Stocker adds. Senator Wendy Davis was on her feet in pink running shoes filibustering an abortion bill for about 11 hours, drawing attention, fans, detractors and instant celebrity.     The Obama administration said Thursday that the Syrian government is likely to have used chemical weapons on a small scale against its own people, but it stopped short of threatening military action against President Bashar al-Assad.
Read full article >>     Nicholas Brooks, the son of a Grammy-winning songwriter, was convicted of murdering his girlfriend at the exclusive club in Manhattan.     Nuclear science and engineering graduate students Leslie Dewan and Mark Massie and recent alum Robert Petroski PhD ’11 have been named to the Forbes "30 Under 30" list in the energy sector for 2013.Dewan and Massie were cited for their work on a new kind of molten salt reactor optimized to run on spent fuel

discharged from conventional light water power reactors.
Petroski was cited for his design work on the traveling wave reactor, a new kind of reactor under development by the start-up TerraPower.Dewan’s
doctoral research, with advisor Professor Linn

Hobbs, is focused on computational modeling of nuclear materials.

She obtained SB degrees in nuclear engineering and mechanical engineering from MIT in 2007, and currently holds a DOE Computational Science Graduate Fellowship.Massie’s PhD research, with NSE Assistant Professor Benoit Forget, specializes in nuclear reactor core design.
He has an SM

in nuclear science and engineering from MIT, and a B.S.
in nuclear natural vitiligo treatment download the University of Tennessee.
Massie holds a DOE Graduate Fellowship awarded through the Nuclear Engineering University Program.Petroski
received his PhD in nuclear science and engineering in 2011.
His dissertation research, with NSE Assistant Professor Benoit Forget, focused on breed-and-burn reactors and limited-separation fuel cycles.
He is currently an engineer at TerraPower. Andrew Sparrow's rolling coverage of all the day's political developments as they happen, including Michael Gove being questioned by MPs about claims he misled the education committee and David Cameron at PMQsAndrew Sparrow The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety says that Toyota asked the group to hold off conducting the new small overlap crash test on the 2013 RAV4 until the company made changes to the crossover. When the vehicle was finally tested, it failed.     The central bank affirmed that it would keep up its existing efforts to stimulate the economy,

even though it expects a return to moderate growth. Dominican Republic players were on top of the baseball world on Tuesday after capping a perfect run at the World Baseball Classic to raise the champions' trophy.
The Islanders made the postseason for the first time since 2007.    
Chris Crawford scored 15 points and Adonis Thomas added 11 and No. 25 Memphis remained undefeated in Conference USA with a 56-54 victory over UTEP on Tuesday night. Infrasound waves, scientists say, would explain the apparent randomness of phenomena like cracked dishes and dead electronics behind unscathed windows. A new four-part PBS

series, “Constitution USA,” lets the NPR host Peter Sagal roam the nation on a motorcycle, investigating varied angles of one of America’s founding


# by sanclubro on on 2013-Nov-06

Purple bacteria are among Earth’s oldest organisms, and among its most efficient in turning sunlight into usable chemical energy.

a key to their light-harvesting prowess has been explained through a detailed structural analysis by scientists at MIT.A ring-shaped molecule with an unusual ninefold symmetry is critical, the researchers found. The circular symmetry accounts for its efficiency in converting sunlight, and for its mechanical durability and strength. The new analysis, carried out by professors of chemistry Jianshu Cao and the late Robert Silbey, postdoc Liam Cleary,

and graduate students Hang Chen and Chern Chuang, has been published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.“The symmetry makes the energy transfer much more robust,” Cao says.
“Most biological systems are quite soft and disordered.
You would not expect a regular structure, almost a perfect structure,” as is found in this primitive

microbe, he says.In these

regular round complexes, Cao says, “nature only used certain symmetry numbers: mostly ninefold, some eightfold, very few tenfold.
It’s very selective.”
His group’s mathematical analysis shows there are good reasons for that, he says.These ring-shaped molecules, in turn, are arranged in a hexagonal pattern on the spherical photosynthetic membrane of purple bacteria, Cao says.
“With these symmetry numbers, the interactions between all pairs of the symmetric rings are optimized at the same time. … We believe that Fibroids-Miracle review the most robust structures in terms of energy transfer,” Cao says.
Both eightfold and tenfold symmetries also work, though not as well: Only a lattice made up of ninefold symmetric complexes can tolerate an error in either direction. “You want consecutive numbers so it can tolerate such mistakes,” Cao says.The molecular system in question, called light-harvesting complex 2 (LH2), operates in waterborne organisms that do not produce oxygen; such species consume sulfides, often found in volcanic hot springs or in deep-sea hydrothermal vents. LH2 molecules release energy when struck by photons; that energy is then stored as molecules of ATP that can later be used as fuel for metabolism.The structure of LH2 complexes had previously been determined by other groups, Cao explains. “What

we provide is an explanation of why nature selected such a structure,” he says. “What is

the advantage compared to other possible structures?”Now that the reasons for this molecule’s efficiency in harvesting light have been deciphered, Cao says, researchers can take advantage of its symmetries to create synthetic systems for harvesting solar energy.
“We can design large molecules, with similar high-symmetry motifs, that can facilitate energy transfer,” he says.The new analysis showed how the hexagonal arrangement of molecules on the bacteria’s membrane surface enhanced their performance by matching the ninefold symmetry of LH2.
“Most of the focus trademiner past has been on the individual molecules,” Cao says, adding, “We are taking this lesson we learned from nature to explore design principles. If I want to design a superlattice of nanotubes or nanowires, what is the best internal structure and what is the best

crystal order? We consider symmetry matching in the context of the larger structure.”While this research focused on a specific type of light-harvesting molecule, the underlying principles of energy-transfer efficiency may be applicable to charge transfer, heat transport and other processes, Cao says.Stuart
Rice, a professor of chemistry at the University of Chicago, says this work is “an inspired analysis and prediction for synthetic materials that is itself inspired by a biological process and system. I have not ever before seen the question of the relationship between energy-transfer efficiency and

complexity of packing treated as in this paper.
… This is a brilliant analysis that should find immediate acceptance.”Rice
adds that this research “opens the door to a new way of designing efficient synthetic photosensitive devices, by coupling internal structure to packing in a fashion that is not now involved

in the design process.”The
research was supported by the National Science Foundation; the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency;

and the MIT Center for Excitonics, funded by the Department of Energy.
TOKYO - There are two Naoto vision without glasses review live within the Japanese imagination.Revisiting
John Tierney’s 2002 article on trains in America. Officials and sailors from Artemis Racing have spoken little publicly of the May 9 accident in which a British sailor died, but the team is preparing to compete in the America’s Cup.     The top prospects for the 2013 NBA Draft

spoke to the press on Wednesday in New York     WASHINGTON -- In the midst of the budget crisis, an old debate has broken out with new force: Should Social Security be seen as part of the deficit that Washington needs to rein in? • Gambling Commission concerned about 'a number of matches'• FA 'assessing the evidence' and has

contacted all 22 clubsThe Football Association has revealed it is in contact with clubs in the Football Conference South following claims of suspicious betting patterns.A
statement from the FA on Friday afternoon revealed it had been made aware of the issue following discussions with

the Gambling Commission.The FA revealed

it was "assessing the

evidence" in conjunction with authorities and that it was in contact with all 22 clubs from the Conference South – the sixth tier of English football."The
FA and the Gambling Commission have become aware of suspicious betting activity on a number of matches played in the Football Conference South," the statement read.
"Following recent communications with Shapeshifter-Yoga Commission, the FA, in conjunction with the Football Conference, is contacting all clubs playing in the Football Conference South to advise them immediately of our concern about this suspicious betting activity."Clubs have also been asked to remind their players and officials of their responsibilities under the betting and integrity rules of the FA. Anyone with any information regarding possible breaches of these rules has been advised to come forward to the FA

or to the Gambling Commission."In
the meantime, we are continuing to work together with the Gambling Commission's Sports Betting Intelligence Unit in further assessing the evidence regarding these suspicious betting patterns."The
FAMatch-fixingguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
All rights reserved.
| Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds A version of this article appeared in MIT Tech Talk on May 17, 2006 (download PDF). The Vancouver Canucks insist Manny Malhotra’s compromised vision makes it unsafe for him to play, but Malhotra said their decision was premature.
Banco Santander of Spain said first-quarter net profit fell 26 percent, hurt by continuing troubles in Spain and a slowdown in developing economies.     The devilish grin and sharp tongue remain as potent as ever.
It's everything else that's changed for Colin Montgomerie.    
The story of Shaheena offered the last Pregnancy Miracle pdf hope of

finding anyone alive in what is now considered the deadliest accident in the history of the garment industry.
The European Tour supports the proposed ban on the anchored putting stroke. Your choice for wireless service would get smaller should AT&T carry out its plan to buy T-Mobile USA. Starter Andy Pettitte allowed four walks, his highest total since 2010, and Josh Donaldson’s home run against reliever Boone Logan gave the A’s a victory.     Kentucky forward Nerlens Noel will enter the N.B.A. draft.
Noel, a 6-foot-10 freshman, is projected to be a

lottery pick despite sustaining a season-ending knee injury Feb.
12     Israelis opposed to the occupation of the West Bank argued that an 18-month pause between fatal attacks on Israelis there, which ended Tuesday, had created “an illusion of calm and stability.”     Brian Rosenberg, the president of Macalester College, explains why campus visits could make the difference between acceptance and rejection, and reveals two statistics all students should know about their prospective colleges. SAN JUAN, PUERTO RICO -- More prisoners at Guantanamo Bay are sharing meals and recreation time with fellow inmates -- an easing of conditions that has led to fewer assaults against guards at the U.S. base in Cuba, the new commander said Friday. DAKAR, Senegal — President Obama said Thursday that he has not spoken ex girlfriend guru review Russian and Chinese counterparts regarding the whereabouts of fugitive leaker Edward Snowden because he does not want to damage broader relations with those countries or to engage in “wheeling and dealing” to return Snowden to the United States.
Read full article >>     State officials are urging that licenses be granted immediately, but other officials and legal experts say such a process could take a month.    
Living systems are made of complex architectural organization of various cell types in defined microenvironments. The intricate interactions between different cell types control the specific functions of the associated tissues, such as the functions of native liver and cardiac tissues, metastasis and invasion of tumors, and embryonic development. Replicating these complex associations could be useful for fabricating

healthy tissues for regenerative medicine; diseased tissues, such as tumors, for drug discovery; models to study embryonic development; and models

to study tissue morphogenesis. However, it has remained a challenge to control the targeted spatial organization of multiple cell types in defined microenvironments

by using previous methods. MIT researchers have developed a new versatile technique to control spatial distribution of multiple cell types in predefined 3-D geometries which was described in a paper published online Sept.
3 in Advanced Materials. They fabricated dynamic microstructures from a thermoresponsive polymer.
These microstructures responded to temperature by changing their shape.
MIT tinnitusmiracle the temperature dependent shape changing characteristic of dynamic microstructures to seed different cell types at different temperatures. Spatial organization

of multiple cell types was obtained in square and circular geometries.
Halil Tekin, the leading author of the paper, is a graduate student in electrical engineering and computer science at MIT. MIT undergraduate students Jefferson Sanchez ’13, Christian Landeros '14 and Karen Dubbin ’12 are other authors of the paper.
Senior authors of the paper are Ali Khademhosseini, associate professor in the Harvard-MIT Health Sciences and Technology; and Robert Langer,

the David H. Koch Institute professor at MIT. Undergraduate students Tonia Tsinman ’13 and Brianna Jones '14 also have contributed to the research during the early development of dynamic microstructures.Different
geometries can be obtained by using molds with different shapes. One could use these dynamic microstructures to replicate a microscale lobule of a human liver or microscale human cardiac tissues by using the associated cell types. These biomimetic tissues could be highly useful to test drug candidates without requiring the animal experiments which take more time and investment.
Tissues mimicking

the native tissues could also be implanted to human body. Another application could be to recapitulate the tumor microenvironments. Various cell types associated with particular tumors could be spatially organized by using dynamic microstructures. The tumor models mimicking the native ones directory of ezines highly beneficial for drug discovery. The intricate interactions between various cell types regulating

cell-signaling circuitry in a tumor microenvironment can be investigated by employing the dynamic microstructures.
MIT researchers also propose that these dynamic microstructures may potentially be useful to study embryonic development. Previous methods lacked mimicking dynamically changing geometry of embryo and controlling the spatial distribution of various cell types.
The underlying mechanisms of early developmental stages could be studied by patterning associated cell types in various geometries.
In the future, it would also be possible to fabricate microstructures changing their shapes by sensing the secreted proteins from the cells, which could be employed to replicate the embryonic development. Stephen J.
Lippard, who is widely acknowledged as

one of the founders of the field of bioinorganic chemistry, is this year’s recipient of MIT’s James R.
Killian Jr. Faculty Achievement Award.Established
in 1971 to honor MIT’s 10th president, the Killian Award recognizes extraordinary professional achievements by an MIT faculty member.
In announcing this year’s award at the May 15 faculty meeting, the award committee noted that Lippard’s “groundbreaking work has pushed back the frontiers of inorganic chemistry, while simultaneously paving the way for improvements in human health and the conquering of disease.”Lippard, the Arthur Amos Noyes Professor of Chemistry, has spent his career studying the role of inorganic molecules, especially forex growth bot download and their complexes, in critical processes of biological systems. He has made pioneering contributions in understanding the mechanism of the cancer drug cisplatin and in designing new variants to combat drug resistance and side effects. His research achievements include the preparation of synthetic models for metalloproteins; structural and mechanistic studies of iron-containing bacterial monooxygenases including soluble methane monooxygenase; and the invention of probes to

elucidate the roles of mobile zinc and nitric oxide in biological signaling and disease.“It’s
humbling,” Lippard said of receiving the award. “Many of my MIT heroes are on the list of previous recipients, and it’s really an honor to join them.” “I am indebted to my wonderful group of students, both graduate and undergraduate, as well as many talented postdoctoral associates who have worked in my lab over the years to produce the research

results that are recognized by this award,” he added. “I also thank my wife Judy for her love and support.”Lippard earned his PhD in chemistry from MIT in

1965 and spent a year at the Institute as a postdoc before joining the faculty of Columbia University in 1966. He returned to MIT

as a professor in 1983 and served as the head of the Department of Chemistry from 1995 to 2005.
He has published more than 800 scientific papers and recorded nearly natural vitiligo treatment download With Jeremy Berg, he published “Principles of Bioinorganic Chemistry,” which is regarded as the definitive text in the field.The award citation noted

that in addition to his exceptional work as a scientist, “Professor Lippard has excelled as a teacher and mentor, fostering the training of a generation

of leading young scientists in the field of bioinorganic chemistry.” He has trained more than 100 PhD students and an even greater number of postdocs. “After years of great science, scholarship, and service, Professor Lippard still projects a wonderful youthful enthusiasm when discussing new research results, or when teaching freshman chemistry to new MIT undergraduates,” according to the award citation, read at the May 15 faculty meeting by Michel Goemans, chair of the Killian Award selection committee and a professor of mathematics.
Lippard’s many other

awards include the Linus Pauling Medal, the UK Royal Society of Chemistry Centenary Medal, the Ronald Breslow Award for Achievement in Biomimetic

Chemistry, the Alfred Bader Award in Bioinorganic or Bioorganic Chemistry, and the National Medal of Science. He has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences, the National Institute of Medicine and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. The House on Thursday approved legislation that could set in motion changes

in Puerto Rico's 112-year relationship with the

United States, including a transition to statehood or


# by linlinkgad on on 2013-Nov-19

Mourners filled the streets to say goodbye

to President Hugo Chávez. But there was uncertainty in Venezuela about how the nation be run and

when an election would be scheduled. The targeting of specific projects that address multifunctional problems will be more effective than forcing the rewiring of entire regional systemsTired of making the same old haroseth for Passover? Melissa Clark adds a new twist with a recipe for Sephardic haroseth truffles. President Obama's administration is taking heat from Republicans and fact-checkers for over-selling the effects of the sequester.
But that didn't stop Obama from cracking a joke about the whole situation during an appearance in Illinois on Friday. Read full article >> A plan for peace in gangland.    
Objectionable cartographers; free-range moviegoers;

Trojan Camels.     CT in reverseAs it turns out, the math

behind the Tensor Display is similar to that behind computed tomography, or CT, an X-ray technique used to produce three-dimensional images of internal organs.
In a CT scan, a sensor makes a slow circle around the subject, making a series of measurements of X-rays passing through the subject’s body.
Each measurement captures information about the composition of tissues at different distances from the sensor; finally, all the information is stitched together into a composite 3-D image.“The way I like to think about it is, we’re building a patient whose CT scan is the view,” Lanman says.At Siggraph, the Media Lab researchers will demonstrate a prototype Tensor Display that uses three LCD panels.
They’ve also developed another prototype that uses only two panels, but between the panels they introduce a sheet of lenses that refract light left and right.
The lenses were actually developed for stereoscopic display systems; an LCD panel beneath the lenses alternately displays one image intended for the left eye, which is diffracted to the left, and another for the right eye, which is diffracted to the right. The MIT display also takes advantage of the ability to project different patterns in different directions, but the chief purpose of the lenses is to widen the viewing angle of the display. With the three-panel version, the 3-D illusion is consistent within a viewing angle of 20 degrees, but with the refractive-lens version, the viewing angle expands to 50 degrees.“The paper reveals how you would greatly improve the realism, and image depth, and physical simplicity of 3-D display systems, particularly those that don’t require you to wear glasses,” says Gregg Favalora, a principal at the engineering consultancy Optics for Hire and co-chair of the SPIE Stereoscopic Displays and Applications Conference. “It’s only possible when you have these really good mathematicians and signal-processing people and optics experts all sitting in the same room.”“It’s definitely suitable for commercial applications, because each component is commonplace, and it sounds easy to manufacture, so this ought to be something that a consumer-electronics company would license,” Favalora adds. “Honestly, this is a really big deal.”
New York magazine was declared the magazine of the year among what are considered the industry’s most coveted honors.     Phil Mickelson's ball was just above the edge of the cart path, slightly below his feet, when he decided to hit a hard fade around the trees toward the green. The shot went out-of-bounds and cost him the outright lead Saturday in the Wells Fargo Championship, and Mickelson was angry about his decision.     It was hard

to tell who was happier when Joshua Phegley's sixth-inning grand slam cleared the fence — Phegley himself, or the pitcher who would benefit from those four runs.    
Discovering your DNA sequence is cheap and easy, and that genetic knowledge could change – even save – your lifeA decade ago, researchers completed what was one of the greatest scientific achievements of our time when they decoded the last of the three billion letters that make up the human genome. Since
then, the cost of sequencing has dropped dramatically – from $3bn for the first human genome to a few thousand dollars today.Inexpensive
sequencing created a whole new industry, enabling individuals to access their own google sniper may never have thought about what's in your genome, but one day soon you will, and it will be an important part of your healthcare.Far sooner than anyone would have thought possible, the real-world benefits of genetic science and access to the data itself are available to people the world over. Today, genetics is not just for scientists. Each of us can now explore our own DNA. I
co-founded the personal genetics testing company 23andMe in 2006 with the mission of enabling people to get access to their DNA and create the software tools so they can understand it.
 I am asked regularly, "Why would you ever want your genetic information?"Learning about your genetics enables you to optimize your health. It will take us decades to understand all 3bn base pairs in the human genome, but today we already know what thousands of important genetic differences mean for individuals. We know that genes affect your risk for conditions like cystic fibrosis and breast cancer, and we know how your genes affect your responses to drugs like Warfarin. As
genetic testing becomes more affordable, more people can benefit from understanding their genetics and use that understanding to improve their health, help them prevent the harmful side-effects of some drugs and potentially avoid preventable deaths.For
example, roughly 8% of people with European ancestry have a genetic variant that puts them at higher than average risk for blood clots. There are a number of easy ways to minimize this risk, ranging from avoiding oral contraceptives to staying hydrated and maintaining mobility during airplane flights.  A decade ago, NBC journalist David Bloom died at the age of 39 on assignment in Iraq after spending many

hours with limited mobility in a tank. Bloom's wife has said he didn't know he was genetically predisposed to blood clots.
If he had known, could he have changed his fate? It's easy to get tested for this genetic variant and it enables those individuals with high risk to make changes in their lifestyle that decrease their risk.
 Some genetic variants can be informative about one's risk for Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease.
While effective medical interventions might not exist today to reverse those diseases, individuals might opt to make choices based on that knowledge – have children earlier, or retire sooner. The knowledge might also spur lifestyle changes that could help mitigate the effects or stave off the onset of those diseases. My husband found out he is genetically at a higher risk for Parkinson's disease.
That information motivated him to exercise more, moderate his diet and drink coffee – choices that research shows could decrease his risk.
 Learning of his genetic

risk for Parkinson's also motivated my husband to participate in research. There is now a community of more than 700 individuals who have the same rare genetic variant that puts them at a

higher risk for Parkinson's disease. Partnering
with researchers this community is trying to answer a number of important questions: why do some people get the disease and some don't? What environmental factors might contribute to, or possibly help prevent, the disease? What treatments work best? Combining genetic data with the efficiency, scalability and global information exchange enabled by the internet has opened up a whole new world to researchers.  The next decade will bring about tremendous discovery and alter the way we approach healthcare. Prime Minister David Cameron's administration recently announced plans to spend £100m to sequence 100,000 people and create a national human genome database.
This database alone

will trigger tremendous understanding of the genome and fuel medical innovation.
 The genetic revolution is here.
Just as computer technology and the internet created whole new industries and extraordinary benefits for people that extend into almost every realm of human endeavor from education to transportation to medicine, genetics will undoubtedly benefit

people everywhere in ways we can't even imagine but know will surely occur.GeneticsMedicineDNA databaseHealth policyHealthAnne Wojcickiguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
All rights reserved.
| Use of this content is subject to micro niche finder & Conditions | More Feeds Mr. Frank’s five-volume biography of Fyodor Dostoevsky is considered one of the finest 20th-century literary biographies on any subject.
This May, plenty of new restaurants opening in Kennedy Airport; Texas barbecue will find its way to Brooklyn; and more.
Villanova, the Cardinals’ unfortunate opponent in the Big East quarterfinals, committed 10 turnovers in the first six minutes. By halftime, after 18 giveaways, the Wildcats looked dazed. Katrina Capasso feeds her llamas at the Dakota Ridge Farm in Ballston Spa, N.Y.    
Three decades after Rupert Murdoch moved titles from Fleet Street, group's UK papers, Dow Jones newswire and HarperCollins to be housed together in SouthwarkRupert Murdoch's News Corp is to break its historic ties with Wapping under plans to move its operations into a single UK headquarters near the Shard on the south bank of the Thames.The
group will house its British businesses – the newspaper arm, Dow Jones financial newswire and book publisher HarperCollins – together for the first time from next summer.It marks

the latest move following the phone hacking scandal that led to the closure of its News of the World title.The
firm recently rebranded its News International newspaper business as News UK, while parent group News

Corp also split its entertainment and publishing businesses into two separate companies, with 21st Century Fox holding its television and movie properties and the new News Corp focusing on newspapers and publishing.Robert
Thomson, chief executive of News Corp, said its move to the new site at the Place

in Southwark will allow the group to "work more closely and creatively, and leverage our collective resources".News UK, which publishes titles including the Sun and the Times, is currently based in Thomas More Square in Wapping, having already sold its previous site to construction firm Berkeley Group for £150m last year.It
ends nearly 30

years in Wapping for the group after Murdoch first moved the titles and printing operation there in early 1986 amid a bitter dispute with the Fleet Street printers' unions.HarperCollins is currently in Hammersmith, London, and will use the Place as its London headquarters while keeping offices in Glasgow and Yorkshire.
Dow Jones has offices in Holborn and the City.News
CorporationRupert MurdochThe SunThe TimesLondonNewspapers & magazinesNational newspapersNewspapersMedia businessguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds     MOSCOW — Thursday’s Aeroflot flight to Havana closed its doors without any sign that American fugitive Edward Snowden was aboard, according to reporters camped out near the gate, raising questions about how much longer Snowden might remain in suspended animation in the transit zone at Sheremetyevo Airport. Read full article >>     Levine was part of a team of MIT scientists who helped design and build a device called the All-Sky Monitor (ASM), one of three instruments aboard RXTE.
The device, mounted on the nose of the satellite, consisted of three cameras that rotated every 90 minutes, scanning the sky for the brightest X-ray sources.
An onboard computer, administered by

MIT instrument scientist Ed Morgan, packaged the ASM data for transmission back to Earth, where it was analyzed by scientists at MIT and the Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland. If the scientists detected an interesting pattern that revealed a new X-ray source or unexpected changes in the strength of a known source, they sent a command to the satellite to swivel and direct its two other instruments — the Proportional Counter Array and the High-Energy X-ray Timing Experiment — at a particular X-ray source in the sky. Unlike imaging satellites such as the Chandra X-ray Observatory, RXTE did not take X-ray pictures of its targets. Instead, the combination of instruments onboard monitored X-ray activity over time — from a neutron star’s millisecond-long bursts to the appearances and disappearances of the galaxy’s X-ray sources over months and years.
Beyond a ‘five-minute look’RXTE was named after former MIT physics professor Bruno Rossi, a pioneer in the field of fat burning furnace In the early 1960s,

Rossi and his colleagues at a nearby company, American Science & Engineering, began the search for X-rays from outside the solar system; in 1962, they made the first detections.
“X-ray astronomy was sort of a surprise,” says Hale Bradt, a professor emeritus of physics at MIT and one of the original principal investigators on the RXTE mission.
“Nobody really predicted that there should be sources of X-rays out there.”
After Rossi’s discovery, George Clark, also a professor emeritus of physics at MIT, made the first X-ray detection from a balloon-borne experiment.
Thereafter, MIT and other universities and laboratories studied the X-ray sky from rockets and balloons. While the atmosphere prevented X-rays from being seen from Earth, Bradt says rockets gave scientists a “five-minute look” above the atmosphere.
Since the 1970s, countries including the United States have launched multiple satellites into space as part of more prolonged searches for X-ray activity. Through these missions, scientists have found that many X-ray sources in the sky are binary systems, in which a normal-sized star is gravitationally bound to a neutron star. This discovery prompted scientists to hypothesize that a rapidly spinning neutron star obtains its spin by drawing matter in from its neighboring star.“All these binary neutron stars should be rapidly rotating, but no one had ever seen a fast signal from them,” Morgan says. “We wanted to detect

the spin of a neutron star, to really confirm this theory, and we thought there could be a lot of other neat phenomena we could study as well.”Beginning in 1980, Bradt and his colleagues at MIT, Goddard and the University of California at San Diego drew up a plan for an X-ray timing mission — a satellite that would measure X-ray bursts and pulsations and many other phenomena on time scales from milliseconds to years. The researchers spent nearly two decades

writing up proposals and designing and building the satellite’s body and instruments.
Late in 1995, the team

launched RXTE on a Delta rocket from Cape Canaveral, Fla. Down to the wireBradt recalls the days following the launch as full of highs, as well as one worrying low. “The first time they turned on the equipment, everything was hunky-dory, and we saw beautiful data,” Bradt says.
“Then the next day, one of the detectors began to arc — high-voltage breakdown — and we were in despair.” The team was unable to read a signal from one of the cameras on the ASM, the instrument designed to monitor the entire sky for X-ray sources. Bradt consulted with Levine and ASM project scientist Ron Remillard, and the team settled on a likely explanation: One or more of the wires in the camera’s X-ray detector might be faulty, jamming the signals from the other wires.
On a gamble, the group turned the instrument back on and waited.
After a week or two, the problem wires stopped making noise, clearing the signal for the other working anodes.
“One day, two days, three days, we thought it would never quit,” Bradt recalls.
“And then it just fixed itself.” Spinning black holes and “vampire” starsSince then, RXTE has worked without a hitch, providing astronomers with X-ray data that has led to many exciting discoveries. For example, the

satellite revealed neutron stars with dramatic characteristics, including subclasses with huge magnetic fields, and others that eject jets of matter from their surrounding atmosphere.
Yet another subclass, described as “vampire” pulsars, whittle down their companion stars to very low mass by sucking matter from the stars’s atmospheres. RXTE also gave astronomers an X-ray view of black holes, many of them part of binary systems consisting of a normal star and a black hole. ASM measured nearly 100 outbursts

from dozens of black hole binaries, and RXTE has shown that these systems exhibit three very distinct states. “We have begun to learn how to quantitatively constrain the black hole’s physical properties, i.e., its mass and

spin, by looking at the details of the X-ray emission in different

spectral states,” forex growth bot Morgan, one of the satellite’s most bizarre discoveries was a massive black hole named GRS 1915+105.
About 15 times the mass of the sun, GRS 1915 is one of the larger black holes in the galaxy. Through the years, the ASM picked up highly unusual patterns from

this X-ray source.“It’d get bright, then come down and do this oscillation thing, then go up again, and it had about 10 different steps it would do,” Morgan says.
“It was an amazing source.” Using data from RXTE, scientists were able to estimate GRS 1915’s period of rotation, or spin — a first for astronomers. The satellite is expected to reenter Earth’s atmosphere and burn up sometime between 2014 and 2023.“For 16 years, [RXTE] followed the light curves of more than 100 X-ray sources,” Bradt says.
“Nobody else will ever get that.
And it is our hope that more great science will come out of them.” Facing the challenge of going eight to 12 weeks without their most physical defender in center Andrew Bynum, the Lakers are again trying to discover if Pau Gasol and Lamar Odom can form a fearsome front line. Japan said it had extracted gas from undersea hydrate, a breakthrough that could provide a promising but still little-understood energy source.
Experts say there is a long-term

trend of shifting the cost of higher education from the public onto students and their families. Phishing is a global problem for businesses as well as individuals, targeting 37.3
billion people globally in the past yearClick to enlarge the infographic aboveMost of us have wisened up to basic scams and know better than to accept a Nigerian prince's offer of money, or a miraculous win on a Spanish lottery that

you can't quite remember entering. But cyber criminals are raising their game and have evolved their tactics to target the more cyber-aware for greater returns. Sophisticated 'spear phishing' attacks can be hard to spot by the experts; even the

largest of organisations is not

immune.What chance does this provide the average company or employee, let alone those who use computers infrequently?Spear phishing is not random – cyber criminals identify employees within a target organisation and use social engineering tactics to construct a legitimate looking email.
The FBI have warned business

to be more aware of spear phishing tactics, as hackers target employees with administrative rights or access to critical systems.91%
of APTs (advanced persistent threats) start with phishing attacks and success could give cyber criminals the 'keys' to bypass security and initiate further attacks. Clicking a link doesn't mean that you are immediately compromised; phishing is part of a larger attack.Hackers need to expose a system vulnerability and be able to install software quickly and quietly. However, cyber criminals use advanced tactics to disguise malicious attachments and sites to trick users into further action."The weakest link in computer security is the individual user and they may not realise how easy it is to be fooled into being that weak link … phishing emails are becoming increasingly elaborate and are now successfully used to obtain trade secrets, commercially sensitive information and intellectual property," says Seth Berman, executive managing director at Stroz Friedberg.How can information security professionals reduce this risk? Like most information security threats, employee education and awareness is key to success.This infographic by Via Resource highlights trends and targets in phishing attacks.Click
on the image above to enlarge the infographic Get more articles like this sent direct to your inbox by signing up for free membership to the Guardian Media Network – this content is brought to you by Guardian Professional. Information securityData and computer securityguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds     Minute-by-minute report: David Luiz scored with the last kick of the game to give Chelsea a 2-1 lead ahead of the second leg at Stamford BridgeJohn Ashdown     Unprecedented numbers flocked to participate in the nation's first vote since the

# by linlinkgad on on 2013-Nov-19

One is a scruffy rabble-rouser, the other is a clean-shaven Islamist, but they are united in their fight against Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi. Watch the trailer for the Disney Nature film Chimpanzee, which follows an orphaned chimp called Oscar as he befriends and is raised by an older maleDo you think the practice of having children pose for photographs next to dangerous animals is irresponsible?     Can we make ourselves happier? A New York-based designer explores the question in his show at the Jewish Museum. International students make up 70 percent of the full-time electrical engineering graduate students, according to a new report by the National Foundation for American Policy. Washington has called for the release of Kenneth Bae, who was sentenced


15 years for committing what North Korea called “hostile acts.”     MEXICO CITY - Thousands of U.S.
agents and local police arrested and interrogated suspected associates of Mexican drug cartels across the United States on Thursday in response to the killing of a U.S. anti-narcotics agent in Mexico last week. The cargo ship’s rendezvous with the International Space Station will now occur on Sunday at the earliest. The NASA findings could lead to a search for better shields to block radiation, measures to shorten the trip or a recalibration of allowable risks.     Scottrade moved to the top of an annual ranking of customer satisfaction with online brokerages.     Right-of-way planting Louisville’s best year has forced the Cardinals to rearrange the trophy cases around the athletic department.    
Enabling tiny self-propelled satellites to someday autonomously conduct spacecraft inspections, servicing and assembly in space has garnered MIT aeronautics and astronautics doctoral candidate Brent E.
Tweddle the 2013 Boeing Engineering Student of the Year Award.The
award, which was presented at the Paris Air Show in June, recognizes Tweddle for his exceptional academic, research and professional skills, and leadership of a program known as SPHERES VERTIGO. Tweddle’s navigation and control algorithm is designed to enable SPHERES self-propelled microsatellites to examine unknown, uncooperative and possibly tumbling objects in space.
The algorithm uses SPHERE-mounted stereo cameras and inertial gyroscopes, and is designed to scale down computational requirements without increasing risk of collision with the target object.The MIT Space Systems Lab

developed SPHERES, bowling-ball size space vehicles with self-contained power, propulsion, computers and navigation equipment, for autonomous rendezvous and docking research aboard the International Space Station.“Brent epitomizes what we are trying to recognize and honor with our Engineering Student of the Year Award,” said John Tracy, Boeing's chief technology officer and senior vice president of engineering, operations and technology.
“This is noteworthy work, and Brent symbolizes the kind of future engineering professionals who will truly make a difference in the field and will help

improve the lives of people worldwide.”The Engineering Student of the Year Award is sponsored by Boeing and the

online aerospace news site Flightglobal.
Recipient’s work must be likely to impact the future of aerospace engineering in areas including new or enhanced capabilities; systems, processes or tools; new levels of performance; and improved life cycle costs. More than half of all combat-related injuries sustained by U.S. troops are the result of

explosions, and many of

those involve injuries to the head. According to the U.S.
Department of Defense, about 130,000 U.S.
service members deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan have sustained traumatic brain injuries — ranging from concussion to long-term brain damage and death — as a result of an explosion. Raul Radovitzky, an associate professor in MIT’s Department of Aeronautics and

Astronautics, is among the researchers looking at ways to prevent these injuries. In a paper published Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, he and his colleagues report that adding a face shield to the standard-issue helmet worn by the vast

majority of U.S. ground troops could significantly reduce traumatic brain injury, or TBI.
The extra protection offered by such a shield is critical, the forex growth bot because the face is the main pathway through which pressure waves from an explosion are transmitted to the brain.In assessing the problem, Radovitzky, who is also the associate director of MIT’s Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies (ISN), and his research team members recognized that very little was known about how blast waves interact with brain tissue or how protective gear affects the brain’s response to such blasts. So they created computer models to simulate explosions and their effects

on brain tissue.
The models integrate with unprecedented detail the anatomical features of the

head, including the skull, sinuses, cerebrospinal fluid and layers of gray and white matter, as well as the physical characteristics of the blast wave.“There is a community studying this problem that is in dire need of this technology,” says Radovitzky, who is releasing the computer code for the creation of the models to the public this week (for the code, please e-mail: tbi-modeling@mit.edu).

In doing so, he hopes the models will be used to identify ways to mitigate TBI, which has become prominent because advances in protective gear and medicine have meant that more service members are surviving blasts that previously would have been fatal.
Face valueTo create the models, Radovitzky and his

students collaborated with David Moore, a neurologist at the Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center at Walter Reed Army Medical Center, who used magnetic resonance

imaging to model features of the head. The researchers then added data collected from colleagues’ studies of how the brain tissue of pigs responds to mechanical events, such as shocks. They also included details about the explosion that creates the blast wave upon detonation, including

the explosive type, mass and location relative to the target. The researchers recently used the models to explore one possibility for enhancing the helmet currently worn by most ground troops, which is known as the Advanced Combat Helmet, or ACH: a face shield made of polycarbonate, a type of transparent armor material (the helmets worn by most motorcyclists feature polycarbonate face shields).
The researchers compared how the brain would respond to the same blast wave simulated in three scenarios: a head with no helmet, a head wearing the ACH, and a head wearing the ACH with a face shield. In all three simulations, the blast wave struck the person from the front.Funded by the Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization through the Army Research Office and the ISN, the analysis revealed that although the ACH —

as currently designed and deployed — slightly delayed the arrival of the blast wave, it didn’t significantly mitigate the wave’s effects on brain tissue.
However, in contrast to the results of a previous study, Radovitzky’s team found that the ACH also did not worsen the effects of the blast wave.
The models showed a significant reduction in the magnitude of stresses on the brain when a face shield was employed, because the shield impeded direct transmission of blast waves to the face.
“This would be difficult to test in any useful way without using models,” says Joseph Rosen, a professor of surgery at the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center who was not involved in this research but who chaired a Department of Defense science panel that analyzed the impact of blast injuries on wounded soldiers. While researchers can put instruments inside helmets to test and measure the impact of blasts on the helmets, “what is ultimately important is the impact of the blast on the face, skull and brain,” he says, noting that the models created by Radovitzky’s team help to predict that impact.The optimal helmetRosen believes the models may play a major role in the development of future protective gear not only for the military, but also for researchers studying TBI among the civilian population, as in the case of car crashes and sports injuries.

But he cautions that the design of micro niche finder with a face shield needs more research, including an analysis of how to optimize the design for different parts of the brain. That analysis would then need to be validated with experimental data.Radovitzky’s
team notes that the recent study was limited to a single set of blast characteristics. In future simulations, they will study different kinds of

blast conditions, such as those involving different angles and levels of intensity, as well as the impact of blast waves on the neck and torso: It is thought that blast injuries to these areas can indirectly cause brain

injury. New fiction by Kimberly McCreight, Brian Kimberling, Ben Greenman, Peggy Riley, Ken Kalfus and Anna Stothard.     A weekly capsule of travel news curated by our writers and editors.
In “The Hot Flashes,” a group of plucky middle-aged Texas women form a basketball team to raise money for breast cancer prevention.     The 'midfielder' has been denied a cap for Botswana only by the trifling fact that he has never played for AFC WimbledonI doubt I could ever love anyone who did not admire a sporting blagger.Two years ago, a red-faced Worcestershire County Cricket Club let go Adrian Shankar, when his sporting CV – and indeed his age – was discovered to have been not as billed. The details of Shankar's embellishments are well-documented, but it's the anecdotes from a "fellow" pro that force the bigger giggles. Luke Sutton had played with Shankar at Lancashire (he fooled them too) and recalled how Shankar had also claimed to have played for Arsenal's youth team, despite failing to impress when Lancashire had kickabouts during warm-up.After playing tennis against him in pre-season, Sutton couldn't help but wonder after Shankar's insistence that he had reached national level in that game too. As for his age: "One day I had it out

with him and asked why there was this doubt," remembered Sutton.
"His reply ... was that he'd been on a life support machine for the first three years of his life and was therefore physically three years younger than he should be."And
if you can't doff your hat to that, then you're probably the Worcestershire blazer who passed Shankar's registration documents to West Mercia police.Sport is supposed to be the purest

form of meritocracy (except when you have to be able to afford a show jumper or whatever to do it).
And these days, even middling competition has so many checks and balances that it's impossibly hard for even a committed chancer to game the system. Very occasionally, though, someone slips momentarily through the net, and I am indebted to the AFC Wimbledon fanzine Wise Men Say for drawing my attention to a spellbinding football tale.Are
you sitting comfortably? Then we'll begin the story of Bobby Shillinde.It would probably help if I told you who Bobby Shillinde is, but I am afraid that is a matter of some debate. The way Bobby has it, in multiple tweets, videos, and now Botswanan national newspaper interviews – don't worry, I'll explain in a minute – he is AFC Wimbledon's brightest hope. A star of the reserves, with eight first-team appearances under his belt, the 21-year-old Botswana-born Bobby is nearing the business end of a season during which he has picked up a man of the match award and made the League Two Team of the Week.Or, as AFC Wimbledon's press officer put it to me: "I've checked with a few people.
This player has never played for AFC Wimbledon as far as we are aware.
Just to point out also that AFC Wimbledon does not have an Under-21s squad at the current time nor a reserves squad, though we do have a development squad."Well, whoever they are, they have been forced to make do without Bobby's talents of late, as he pulled off his first international call-up last week, and flew out fat-burning-furnace Botswana's training camp.This amusing development would appear to be the culmination of Bobby's two-year Twitter campaign to bring his vital contribution to Wimbledon to a wider audience. "The first tweet I remember was from our play-off final in May 2011," muses Wise Men Say's Charlie Talbot, who has chronicled the rise and rise of Shillinde in wonderfully deadpan fashion.
"He was leaving the hotel with the team."Bobby's tweets are now protected, but thanks to the archive efforts of bemused AFC fans I have seen a photo of his team hotel room, as well as that Team of the Week achievement (in which his name has been Photoshopped into midfield space that was actually occupied by Wycombe Wanderers' Joel Grant), and much more.
Elsewhere, there's a video of Bobby playing it cool with his man of the match ball "signed by the lads".Even
a few weeks ago, our hero was hard at work. "Shillinde believes that he can only be known to Botswana if he can get a call-up to come showcase his skills,"

ran a helpful article in the country's Sunday Standard newspaper.
And so he did.Quite
how, I could not say, but it has something to do with Fifa's only licensed agent in Botswana, a chap by the name of Comfort "Big Fish" Ramatebele. The coup was even characterised by some as Bobby choosing Botswana over England (Botswana are 122 in the Fifa rankings.) Similarly mysterious is a lengthy quote singing Bobby's praises that purports to come from the AFC Wimbledon manager, Neal Ardley.
"[Bobby] has plenty of first-team experience," this claims.
"One thing I admire about the youngster is his persistence," says "Ardley" – and I hope you're starting to agree with him."I'm an unknown player in Botswana," breezed Bobby to the country's media, although he declined to add that he is an unknown player at Wimbledon too.Or
rather, he isn't, as some seem rather sweetly to be embracing him. A Botswana flag fluttered among the away fans at Aldershot last Saturday.
"Great result," tweeted their first-team coach, Simon Bassey, after the win, "and all without our star player Bobby Shillende [sic]."I'd love to be able to tell you this ended with Bobby starting against Malawi in Tuesday's friendly ahead of Botswana's World Cup qualifier against Ethiopia on Sunday.
Alas, Botswana suddenly announced last weekend that Bobby would not be making his debut yet because of passport issues.
It is total surmise, of course, but perhaps his performance at the Zebras' training camp was something akin to Adrian Shankar's in that tennis game against Luke Sutton.Either
way, let us hope this is not the last we hear of the fantastical Bobby Shillinde.
In an age where footballers are routinely stereotyped as lacking in application, his chutzpah is only to be saluted.And if you chance to read this, Bobby, please get in touch. I'm a huge admirer of your work and feel I MUST know more.AFC
WimbledonCricketWorcestershireMarina Hydeguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian

News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds Several apps for iOS and Android will recreate the sky, calculated from your GPS coordinates, to help you understand the heavenly bodies you see. The study found that the crude proposed for the Keystone XL pipeline posed no increased risks of transport, but environmental groups said its possible environmental hazards required scrutiny.     The American Academy of Neurology said it would emphasize treating concussions on a case-by-case basis, acknowledging they are too idiosyncratic to be neatly categorized. President Obama, who was in Senegal on Thursday, has seen his aspirations for changing Africa strained by turmoil across the region — and by his notable absences.    
'I borrowed it from the library and read it for 5 hours and 15 minutes flat and hardly put it google sniper review meet you is Jessie's official autobiography and it's BRILLIANT! She talks about the things that are important to her and how she knows her fame won't last her forever.
This is the first book I've read for a long time in one day! I borrowed it from the library and read it for 5 hours and 15 minutes flat and hardly put it down! You will not be upset if you buy this book, it is everything that you would want to know about Jessie J and more.It does get dull in some places at the very end when she talks about her friends and people that are close to her; I mean it's sweet and all, and all her friends and family write their own little thing to say what Jessie means to them, but most of them all say the same thing and after a while you just

want it to end (the friend bit not the book).
That was definitely the poorest chapter and possibly the only poor chapter.I
could talk about this book forever but I think you all might get bored in reading it by then!The book really shows you that celebrities, even people like Jessie J, are real people and they should be treated like them; they don't want cameras in their faces when they're rushed off to hospital because they've broken their foot and they're in lots of pain, they just want to be left alone!She talks about how she wrote her songs and what inspired her to write them and I like that, it's really interesting to know what inspired her!There's a bit where she talks about all the kids she's seen in hospital and that part was so moving, reading some of it I had tears in my eyes.
I liked how Jessie said in the book that it really upset her but she had to stay strong for the kids.
When she writes about her childhood you can tell that she

loved every bit of it! And how much she loves her Mum and Dad and how much she loves singing and how she takes it seriously but not for granted. Oh and then there's the chapter where she talks about her illness and that's kind of sad too. She had a stroke at the age of eighteen and she collapsed a lot when she was a kid and to think everything she's been through and she's still going and doing what she loves to do most and nothing's going to get in her way! She also talks about how she got her record deal and everything.
The whole book's interesting, it really is! If you're a Jessie J - or even not a Jessie J - fan I think it's worth reading just to see why she is how she

is! I would definitely read it again, that's why I'm going to buy it,

but I'm going to be sad to return it to the library, I really am .
. . Oh and there's a chapter where she talks about her hair and make-up for anyone that's interested in finding out her nails for the 'Price tag' music video: amazing how her nail designer did them, just amazing and so interesting! Please give it a go, you won't regret it I promise!Want to tell the world about a book you've read? Join the site and send us your review!Children and teenagersTeen booksChildren's books: 8-12 yearsNon-fiction (children and teens)guardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds     Nathan Sturgis scored in the 47th minute, and Clint Irwin had his sixth shutout of the season for Colorado, which last lost at home to the Red Bulls on July 8,

# by linlinkgad on on 2013-Nov-19

Those planes that look like specks in the stratosphere are flying so high because they are merely passing

by the United States - flying bananas to Germany, Canadians to Mexico and Europeans to Jamaica. But should that exempt such flights from the full security screening they would get if their de... Washington has no plans to change their offense despite Robert Griffin III's surgically repaired right knee that kept the quarterback out all spring and might keep him sidelined through the start of training camp on July 25.    A selected guide to performances of classical music in New York and the area.     A foundation tasked with dividing up donations received after the Connecticut school shootings recommended giving $281,000 each to the families of

those killed, and tens of thousands to more than a dozen survivors.     Mr. Reeve, father of

the actor Christopher Reeve, wrote highly regarded


and other works, translated Russian authors and founded The Poetry Review.     TOKYO - Japanese officials took a series of early steps Friday to bring the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant under control, but a week into the crisis, it was becoming apparent that they were confronting a problem that

would not be resolved quickly. The chief executive of the ABPI, Stephen Whitehead, said last week that he would not respond to 'PR-driven initiatives' such as AllTrials, yet seems to ignore the PR-driven nature of his own industry, writes Tania BrowneA couple of months ago I used this blog to talk about REACT trials. I told people how we should all be part of randomised controlled trials, testing currently available treatments so that doctors could judge the best medicines for the real world, with all its quirks and pesky lack of laboratory conditions. It would mean no hassle to us except a consent form, simply that researchers used our electronic health records to look at the outcomes.
I thought about this stuff, as you do, and decided that if the opportunity ever came to take part in a Phase 2 or 3 trial of a new treatment I'd take it. I'm not a martyr, just a normal woman who would like to help, and who possibly has rosier than average Science Goggles.But while my intentions would be for the greater good, looking at how many trial results currently never see the light of day I'm not sure my noble contribution would

make a difference. All too often trials are buried if they don't give a good result for a nice shiny new drug, all too often shiny new drugs are tested against a sugar pill rather than the best thing currently available to make it look good, and all too often we're accepting expensive shiny new drugs when there's something way cheaper and just as good already

out there. I think the data from trials that took place to test the medicines we use every day should be available for me to see if I choose.
And I also think that people should be open about all the trials that take place, whether they work out well or not.AllTrials agree.
Set up at the end of last year as a joint initiative, the campaign has rapidly gained pace and is way more than just a small blip on the radar of the medical profession. Thanks to their tireless efforts, huge support has been gained on all sides of the industry. But doubt remains for a few stragglers. Co-founder of AllTrials Dr Ben Goldacre has taken great pains to emphasise that the campaign is not trying to demonise Big Pharma, that it's more a case of many decent individuals operating with a broken system. It's nothing personal, but the system needs to be changed.Yet
Stephen Whitehead, chief executive of the Association of British

Pharmaceutical Industry, takes things a little more to heart. Last week, in a debate with Goldacre organised by Pharma Times, he said there had been attempts to "demonise, marginalise and ridicule" the industry, that it was an "attack on the credibility on the 67 000 colleagues who work hard…to deliver great medicines" I think he may be a little paranoid, though admittedly

I don't get to see his

mail every day. All I can say is if there are people trying to give that impression, they're doing a pretty rubbish job. I'm grateful every day that I live in a modern society, with all the advantages that come from medicines developed by ABPI members and their predecessors.
But I can think the industry has done wonderful things, and can like individuals within it, yet still see things I wish they did very differently.I realise that some aspects of meeting new demands are tricky, but I'm encouraged by the fact that dozens of organisations in the field have signed the All Trials petition and will be at the forefront of a new commitment to openness. They clearly think it can be

done, so Whitehead sounded somewhat petulant when he

said in his speech "We will not respond to PR driven initiatives such as AllTrials," (despite also saying that he hoped Goldacre would engage with the ABPI, which seems odd, but never mind).I hate to sound rude but this isn't about the ABPI.
It's about massive systemic cracks appearing in the walls of several organisations including the ABPI, and about how we can fix those cracks. The ABPI tell me that I mustn't worry and it's all in hand, that much has already been done and that these things take time, but I don't feel reassured.Whitehead claimed there are "Three Big Lies". Firstly, it was untrue that 50% of all trial data goes unpublished, and that around 78% of trials are now registered, as is mandatory, and have published results with www.clinicaltrials.gov.

But those figures were for 2010 and 2011 and brushed the whole issue of historical data aside. In fact with all drugs on the market today, the figure is closer to 50%.
Clinicaltrials.gov require results to be published only on drugs that have come into the marketplace since 2008, yet most doctors use drugs that are well established and might have been around for anything from 10 – 40 years. AllTrials request the clinical study reports,

which are still held in storage, for more than drugs that are just five or less years old. And rightly so, they are used by millions every day. Whitehead insists that he's in favour of transparency when it furthers research, but what's his definition of

furthering research? Does it only involve the

new minority of treatments?Whitehead also talked about the regulators and their role.
"Historically the regulator was always the law – unquestioned, accepted and adhered to totally." On the same day, on Radio 4's Inside Health programme Whitehead's colleague Dr Bina Rawai made the same point.
If trials were conducted poorly, then the regulator would pick up on it surely? Therefore, testing against placebo drugs could not happen because it wouldn't get past the ethics committees. But we know forex growth bot happen, and even when new drugs aren't tested against placebo they're often tested against existing drugs at unusual doses. For instance, you might have a dose so low it does nothing, or so high it causes nasty side effects.
Trials can be stopped early while results still look good but are starting to dip, or left to run a bit late if results are starting to look up.
Patients might leave and the sample size get smaller, or it may be tiny to begin with. Confounding results can be "lost" and left out of the final number crunching.

are all sorts of ways to make your new drug look good.
Regulation must be stronger to stop such sleights of hand happening.The
sad fact is Whitehead said

that he wouldn't respond to PR driven guff, but as a patient I have very little choice about it. It's PR when I'm given a shiny new drug that costs twice as much as a non-patent drug that gives the same result. It's PR when the results of that trial on 7000 patients in Macclesfield gets tucked in the drawer because it throws

the rest of the results. It's PR that shows me pharmaceutical company branding every time I walk into my doctor's office, from the information posters on the walls to the mug my GP drinks her tea from.
It's PR, and it's insidious. I'm not sure I want my treatments decided that way.• Tania Browne blogs at Science Groupie and is on Twitter as @cherrymakesMedical researchPharmaceuticals industryMedicineTania Browneguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions |

More Feeds Living aboard a 100-foot boat, exploring a mostly uninhabited region spread out over 250 miles in the Andaman Sea. Verizon Wireless became the first U.S.
carrier to join the Ubuntu

Carrier Advisory Group, but it is not clear whether it will eventually promote phones running the open-source Ubuntu OS on its

network.     Analysts are split on how a change in immigration law would affect the federal budget, though the Congressional Budget Office has concluded it would reduce the deficit.    
Steve Carell may be known as the nicest man in Hollywood, but his reprise of Gru, the bald-headed villain in Despicable Me 2, is just a warmup for the baddies

the actor is about to unleashSteve Carell has, on average, one despicable thought every six months. "Yes," he says, nodding beatifically.
That's how pure I am."
His most recent involved parking.
"There's always that lag time when somebody sits in their car and is like: 'Oh, I know somebody's waiting – I think I'll do my makeup.' Or I think: 'I'm going to check my phone.
Because I own this spot right now.' There's a weird psychology to that. And then they pull out and somebody backs in from across the other way." He clenches his fists, eyeballs

bulging at the heavens, white teeth bared.
Did he kill them? "I didn't, no.
I meekly drove away."Carell
has a reputation – seeded by colleagues, confirmed by press – as the nicest,

most normal man in Hollywood. A man of scruples (he balked at mocking the unwitting

on news revue The Daily Show), but not of smugness. Immensely successful (he was paid $15m for Crazy, Stupid, Love) but not raveningly ambitious (he quit The Office when it was still a big fat cash cow).This
is not a reputation he seems eager – or able – to debunk today.
You can try, of course. He looks as if he's having an evil thought right now, I prod at one point. "No! No! Not at all!" His face pops and crumples. "It's just jetlag. Why would I …? What?" I feel as if I've slapped a puppy.And yet Carell has also just begun a six-month run of promo duties for movies in which he is,

variously, an evil maniac, an absolute tool and a real-life murderer.
Sure, the maniac is in a cartoon sequel, but, still, he's got to be channelling something as Gru, bald-headed baddie extraordinaire. He is, he is.
"I can relate to the way in which Gru is willing to go to great lengths to make his children happy and loved and secure and content."Despicable Me 2, the followup to 2010 smash animation, is a Silence of the Lambs-style story (his comparison) of an arch criminal employed for his insights by a federal body.
This is the Anti-Villain League, which coaxes Gru from his new life of jam-making and raising the three orphan girls he adopted in the original.That first film, he thinks, spoke to the turmoil in any new parent's life.
The sequel pushes it further. "I responded to the character in part because he's at a career impasse. He's trying to do what's right for his children, but at the same time he's losing his own identity.
Parents' lives become about their children and they lose part of themselves in the process.
It's counterintuitive because when you lose your own passion you are inherently a less productive parent."Carell
has two children – Annie, 12, and Johnny, nine – with his wife, Nancy, a former Saturday Night Live player he met while teaching improvisation at Second City in Chicago.
During our conversation, he brings them up every five minutes or so.
"I think at the end of my life I'm not going to think: 'Oh, I achieved this, or I did that TV show or

that movie.' It will really have to do with how I raised my kids."Their
births coincided with Carell's career jumpstart.
Off the back of landing that Daily Show job in 1998, he cameoed in Bruce Almighty (2003), shone as lamp-loving weatherman Brick in Anchorman (2004). That same year he was cast in the Ricky Gervais role in the US transfer of The Office.
The first series didn't take off, but the network renewed in the hope that Carell's first film lead would fly.
The 40-Year-Old Virgin, which Carell co-wrote with Judd Apatow, took $177m (£116m), changed the face of comedy, and made Carell famous the world over.
He then displayed dramatic muscle as a gay suicidal academic in Little Miss Sunshine, and a widower who falls for his brother's girlfriend in Dan in Real Life, before settling into the mainstream for Get Smart, Date Night, Crazy, Stupid, Love, Horton Hears a Hoo, Dinner for Schmucks, Seeking a Friend for the End of the World, Hope Springs and The Incredible Burt Wonderstone.Despicable Me 2 is no anomaly; in fact, its love-interest subplot means Carell again plays a man belatedly groping his way round the dating scene, fluffing his lines when he finally gets the courage to call the girl. His back catalogue is full of women chucking him in cars, of childish pleasures offering refuge from the roughhouse of romance. What
can make this odd in live action is that micro niche finder actually catalogue handsome, almost Jon Hamm, a credible opposite to Juliette Binoche and Julianne Moore, Olivia Wilde and Keira Knightley. The schlub you love is a neat paradox to peddle, yet Carell has made a

habit of it. He's the dreamboat dressed as Everyman: flinching at Mark Wahlberg's omnipresent pecs in Date Night; getting tutored by alpha male Ryan Gosling in Crazy, Stupid, Love.Such
broad-church appeal relies on an innate niceness, bordering on the blank. His backstory is PG-rated. The youngest of four brothers born to an electrical engineer and a psychiatric nurse who are still together, Carell was raised Catholic, played hockey and woodwind at school, studied history at college, nearly became a lawyer but moved to acting after his father asked what he actually enjoyed. He and Nancy own a general store near their house in Massachusetts, purchased to preserve its function as a community hub.On
Twitter (two million followers, 71 tweets), Carell scrupulously sticks to the middle of the road; today, too, he's allergic to controversy. "Oh my gosh," he chuckles, good-natured always, asked about the ethics of the Anti Villain League's surveillance programme. "I will make no political correlation between the movie and anything." Likewise, the minions – those jabbering slaves who coo round Gru – remind him most of the Marx brothers. "They're vaguely familial, violent, but also benign. So full of soul and love."
He didn't find them frightening en masse? Especially when they're fed a sort of orgiastic poison and revert to hedonistic monsters. "It is a little dark," he concedes.
"A little sinister. It doesn't condescend to children. It's not just all puppy dogs and ice-creams and rainbows."It
really isn't. In fact, scratch the surface and it seems choka with hidden Dantesque depths and fallen worlds.
And so it is possible to see Gru as a warmup for the baddies Carell is about to unleash.
He's pitch-perfect insufferable as Toni Collete's new boyfriend in coming-of-age-tale The Way, Way Back.

this winter he'll get an Oscar push for Foxcatcher, the new film from Bennett (Moneyball) Miller, in which he plays John DuPont, the eccentric sports enthusiast and philanthropist who shot an Olympic gold-winning wrestler in 1996, before himself dying in prison in 2010.
An early still shows him rake-thin, much aged, deeply creepy. Though he concedes both DuPont and Gru requested their houses be painted black, he's resistant to any connection.

"That's a different press junket," he laughs, ever professional.A month ago, Carell went on Ellen DeGeneres's chatshow dressed as Gru: hulking torso, smooth scalp, pelican schnoz. The plan had been for her to try

to get him to break character.
"But I thought it would be funnier if there wasn't a self-awareness

to it.
I'm never winking at the audience."And it is this consistency that may be key to Carell's genius.
He never, ever cracks – indeed he has said he considers doing so to be impolite. He does not blunder nor break.
At the Golden Globes in 2008, the whole room fell apart as host Gervais demanded back his Emmy; all except the man himself, who stayed totally poker.
His Anchorman audition, in which Brick laughs wildly between chokes on an imaginary falafel, shows the converse – so brilliantly realised it's unnerving. And, in the flesh, Carell turns out to be one of the most wholly controlled people you'll meet: so zen and level it can make you feel jittery by comparison.In a New Yorker profile from 2010, Carell compared improvisational comedy to chess: a thousand different gambits, all kept bubbling in the brain.
Face to face, such hypersensitivity feels acute.
He thinks this kind of pre-meditation is universal; I think that's less modesty than simple underestimation of his own skills."Everybody does those sort of things to a certain extent. Whether they're cognisant of it or not.
I think it's just the human mind.
When someone walks in the room you're constantly interpreting what's being said and how it's being said. You're reading someone's face, trying to estimate what lies behind the words. That's just personal intuition.
I think everybody naturally has that. You have escape plans, different scenarios that are worked out or working out in your head as to where you're going to go."What's
especially curious about Foxcatcher, then, is that its conclusion is pre-cooked. "You don't know exactly what happened and you just sort of estimate what their reasonings were and what made them up psychologically.
So you just do your best with something

like that." He smiles, warm and poised. "I don't know. We'll see."He
does know.
Everybody knows. Carell is the nicest, most normal guy in Hollywood.
His playing an actual killer will be absolutely terrifying.• Despicable
Me 2 is released in the UK on 28 June and in the US on 3 JulySteve CarellJudd ApatowCatherine Shoardguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds Mark Cousins on cinema's obsession with childhood, Jeff Nichols on the rise of US indie films, and another one bites the dust on troubled western Jane Got a GunThrough a child's eyesAnother late British entry to the Cannes jamboree is Mark Cousins's personal documentary, A Story of Children and Film. It appeared as a quiet announcement in the increasingly influential and cherishable Cannes Classics sidebar, alongside great names and important restorations such as

Mankiewicz's Cleopatra, Hitchcock's Vertigo (Kim Novak will be guest of honour), Ozu's An Autumn Afternoon and the new 3D version of Bertolucci's The Last Emperor. Cousins's film taps into the glory of film history, comprising clips of 53 films from 25 countries woven around footage of his own niece and nephew at play. Cousins tells me: "When we think of Cannes we think of Catherine Deneuve and Brad Pitt. Yet the starting point of my little film is two very ordinary kids, Laura and Ben, from Cheshire, who haven't heard of Cannes.
If my film is good, it's in part

because these kids are sort of oblivious to cinema.
They think of me as uncle Mark, a guy who dances with them to Gangnam Style and makes them sausage and beans, not someone who makes films. So many films are great because the child authors the film with the adults."
Cousins lists his three favourite

child performances as the

girl in Mohammad-Ali Talebi's Bag of Rice,

the girl in The White Balloon, the girl in Dorota Kedzierzawska's Crows.
Why are films so obsessed with childhood? "I think cinema is a bit Proustian," he says. "It's time found.
Garbo is lost and, yet, when we watch her movies, she isn't. Every adult has their own time lost, their youth, and so we are moved by seeing

kids in movies."
This should be one of the highlights of the festival.Transfer windowMy favourite promotional gimmick of the year comes from the Hackney Picturehouse, which thrust upon me a set of Ryan fat-burning-furnace vaguely matching the body art the actor sports in The Place Beyond the Pines and one, I'm pleased to note, still doing great business at the UK box office. The tattoos are designed by Nic Farrell, a Cambridge-based illustrator and typographical artist who used to work front of house

at the Cambridge Picturehouse.
"I looked at stills of Ryan with his top off and matched what I saw," she tells me.
"It wasn't a bad commission, staring at a naked Ryan Gosling. I don't know if he's seen them yet. Or worn them." All proceeds go to the clean water charity Plan. My kids

have been wearing them to nursery school, which is perhaps a bit inappropriate, but you're never too young to Gosling yourself up a bit.His name is MudTalking of tattoos, director Jeff Nichols is sporting an ace of clubs on his left arm, two initials written on its three sides. "Yeah, me and my brothers got drunk a few months ago and all three of us had it done," he says a little sheepishly. Wow, I didn't know that still actually happened. "We're from the south," he says. And his films certainly attest to that – Shotgun Stories, Take Shelter and, now, Mud, starring southern actors Matthew McConaughey and, briefly, Reese Witherspoon.
Nichols lives in Austin, Texas, which is becoming to indie film making as Nashville is to country music. "There's quite a scene there," he says.

got Richard Linklater, who's very vocal and supportive, and you've even got Terrence Malick, if you can find him, but you can't." Mud is one of my favourite films released this year, along with The Place Beyond the Pines and Gimme the Loot. For the first time in ages, American indie films are high up the list.
"I think there's a definite revival," says Nichols.

"The indie crowd is where Mud is making itself big.
The studios' way of making and releasing films is just too out of reach to most of us, so we're having to look to different ways into the business and, you know, there's enough of us doing it to make those routes viable and profitable. It's all a little slower but these sorts of films have to grow audiences, not blitz them. There's nothing wrong with a bit of quiet."
Malick would certainly appreciate that.Not wild about the westBradley Cooper is the latest high-profile figure star to quit Jane Got a Gun, the western that director Lynne Ramsay left just before the first day of the shoot.
Michael Fassbender and Jude Law are others to have jumped the film, which is currently on hold as new director Gavin O'Connor finalises his plans. This has left Ramsay with the time to take her place on the Cannes jury, under Steven Spielberg. Actor Joel Edgerton is almost the last man standing on Jane Got a Gun – ironically

a film about a last woman standing – and he also stars in The Great Gatsby, which opens Cannes. Will he be on the Croisette for opening night under the gaze of Ramsay after all?Cannes 2013Cannes film festivalDocumentaryMatthew McConaugheyRyan GoslingTattoosWesternsBradley CooperLynne RamsayJason Solomonsguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or

its affiliated companies. All rights reserved.
| Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds TOKYO -- It took only minutes for the earthquake and tsunami to devastate Japan's northeast. Rebuilding will take years - if it can be afforded. Wen Jiabao, in

a break from the past, sent signals reaffirming the party’s heavy-handed approach to the nation’s political and economic affairs. It may seem like

you're just getting into the swing of summer, but back to school shopping season is already upon us. New clothes, new shoes, new supplies, and, of course, a new backpack are all on our lists.
Chris Crawford set career-highs with 24 points and six 3-pointers, Adonis Thomas scored 17 points and No. 20 Memphis beat Tulane 81-68 Thursday night in the quarterfinals of the Conference USA tournament. Unions say almost 3,000 schools across north-west will be affected in first of wave of walkouts over pay and conditionsThousands of teachers are staging a one-day walkout in the first of a new wave of strikes over pay, pensions and conditions.Members of the National Union of Teachers (NUT) and the NASUWT are taking part in industrial action across the north-west of England.Around
2,765 schools in 22 authorities will be affected, the unions claim, and rallies are due to be held in Liverpool, Manchester, Preston and Chester.The action has been condemned by the Department for Education (DfE), which says it will disrupt pupils' education.The
NUT general secretary,

Christine Blower, said the union seriously regretted the disruption the strike would cause parents and pupils.But
she added: "With the profession now under serious attack from the government, we have to take a stand to protect education and teachers. The north-west will be taking the lead in sending a message to the education secretary, Michael Gove, that teachers are not prepared to accept government attacks on our pay, pensions and conditions."Not content with wanting teachers to get less pay

and retire later, Michael Gove now wants to go ahead with 'liberalising' teachers' working conditions such as the length of working days and hours and our entitlements on non-contact time and cover."Teachers
are angry about the impact these imposed changes are having on the morale of the teaching profession, the recruitment and retention of teachers and on the provision of quality education for pupils."Blower
insisted that the two unions were

asking the government to enter meaningful talks about the dispute, and

that responsibility for the strike lay with Gove for failing to engage with them.The NASUWT general secretary Chris Keates said teachers were standing up for standards."No teacher embarks on strike action lightly.
No teacher has any wish to inconvenience pupils or parents or disrupt the provision of education, but a strong stand now must be made to protect

the pay and conditions of service which make our schools world-class."A poll of 14,000 teachers published by the NASUWT on Wednesday found that teachers were increasingly unhappy with their jobs and many were considering leaving the profession.It suggests government reforms to pay and pensions, as well as a heavy workload and school inspections, are to blame for the dissatisfaction.A DfE spokeswoman said: "We are very disappointed that the NUT and NASUWT have decided to take strike action, which less than a quarter of teachers actually voted for."Industrial action will disrupt pupils' education, hugely inconvenience parents and damage the profession's reputation in the eyes of the public at a time when our reforms are driving up standards across the country."The numbers of top graduates and professions going into teaching has risen and vacancy rates are at their lowest level since 2005, she said.The authorities due to be affected by the action, according to the two unions, are: Blackburn with Darwen, Blackpool, Bolton, Bury, Cheshire East, Cheshire google sniper review Chester, Halton, Knowsley, Lancashire, Liverpool, Manchester, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, Sefton, St Helens, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Warrington and District, Wigan and Wirral.TeachingTrade unionsPublic sector payPublic sector pensionsEducation policyPublic services policyguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
All rights reserved.

| Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds     The late MIT Professor Harold “Doc” Edgerton enchanted

the world with his high-speed flash photography, which could “freeze time” down to the millionth of a second — as a bullet tore through a banana or a droplet landed in a pool milk (two examples of his well-known photos).
His photography devices provided physicists new ways to analyze the dynamics of fluids, air and engines and aided in World War II aerial reconnaissance. He also took his cameras underwater. Oceans at MIT remembered Edgerton’s major contributions to ocean exploration and marine biology on the 23rd anniversary of his death by pouring through MIT’s extensive Edgerton Digital Collections Project to unearth the passion that brought vision under the sea.Harold
“Doc” Edgerton was first drawn to underwater photography because of

a leaky box.
It all started in the mid-1930s, when E. Newton Harvey, a bioluminescence expert, approached him for advice on photographing phosphorescent deep-sea fishes for an upcoming book. Never one to refuse helping anyone, Edgerton assembled the camera and instructed Newton to encase it

in a watertight box to lower into the depths. But soon, upon bumping into the author in Harvard Square, Edgerton learned that the box had distorted and cracked, allowing seawater in and ruining Newton’s project. From then on, Edgerton was determined to “see through” seawater with a camera of his own making. “Why not a spherical design or even a cylindrical one?” Edgerton wrote once. “Soon I was sketching all sorts of designs.”Water scatters light, creating “fog” within

short distances, which makes taking anything but close-up photos underwater difficult.
Edgerton knew this, and got right to work in his MIT lab devising lamps that could handle all ocean challenges: they produced high-intensity light, possessed mechanical strength to withstand great pressures, and required high efficiency batteries for hours-long missions.
By 1937, Edgerton had designed his first successful underwater camera for oceanographic research in collaboration with Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution researchers.Soon came a series of almost magical tools for marine biologists, who were frustrated that camera lights scared animals away. For example,

Edgerton designed a camera he called an “interruption camera,” which functioned when a passing sea creature interrupted a light beam, triggering the camera shutter and its rapid flash.
In the early 1940s, he applied high-speed motion cameras to the tricky problem of tracking rapidly moving marine animals, such as seahorses.
Seemingly motionless organisms were revealed as quite busy life forms in Edgerton’s underwater time-lapse photography — a tool not just for spying on sea urchins, sand dollars and starfish, but also for studying erosion patterns.
Not until the late 1950s did Edgerton invent a camera that could capture animal bioluminescence at depths of 6,000 meters — the problem that started it all.Edgerton marveled that these images revealed “a host of items unsuspected and illuminate a variety of others which for long have resided in the limbo of half-knowledge.”The
year 1952 was a game changer for Edgerton.
In that year, the National Geographic informed Edgerton that a relatively unknown Frenchman named Jacques Cousteau was interested in speaking

about underwater photographic experiments. Not two hours after Edgerton picked up Cousteau at Boston’s South Station was the explorer in the MIT swimming pool testing out an experimental camera of Edgerton’s. That day, Cousteau and Edgerton planned projects to explore under the sea off the southern coast of France.In partnership with

Cousteau, Edgerton began to probe the ocean floor with sound, eclipsing his underwater photography achievements.
On their first expedition in the summer of 1953, the duo realized they needed a way to tell the distance between the camera and the sea floor while lowering the equipment into the water. On the spot, Edgerton invented the “pinger,” a sound-pulsing device attached to the camera. When the device received a sonar signal from the sea floor, it would trigger the strobe lights and camera. The operator would then examine the echo to check whether the camera was in a suitable range.Cousteau and Edgerton soon developed a tight friendship; “My Dear Papa-Flash!” Cousteau would exclaim in handwritten messages about their joint ventures.
Aboard the Calypso, the two men and crew went on to locate and explore many underwater ruins and shipwrecks, which they continued around the world into the 1980s.
Such underwater archaeology was made possible by several of Edgerton’s sonar devices, such as the “thumper,” which analyzed the seabed rock, and the “boomer,” which provided a seismic profile of the ocean floor.Edgerton
decided to play around with sonar devices,

shifting the sonar beam sideways. When towed behind a ship, the “side-scan sonar” device creates continuous images of the seafloor. Edgerton’s former student and colleague, Martin Klein, later developed the first commercial dual-channel side-scan sonar, which was used to find the Titanic wreck.Edgerton won numerous awards for his work, including the National Medal of Science in 1973; he even won an Oscar for a stroboscopic film.
But he is remembered at MIT, most of all, for his generosity, gregariousness and teaching talent.One
former student, Kim Vandiver, professor of mechanical and ocean engineering and director of the MIT Edgerton Center, worked as Edgerton’s teaching assistant in the 1970s, when the inventor was past retirement age, but still running his lab.
Vandiver’s first project allowed him to

photograph the tiny bubbles that come off the tips of a rapidly whirring propeller, jumpstarting his future in ocean engineering at MIT. Vandiver remembers the charm of his former mentor: “He was one of those people who could make you feel, when the conversation was going on, that you were the only person in the world, and he did that to thousands of people.” Ferocious bullwhip action sends a shockwave through the water that leaves fish dead or stunned     The local community board in Manhattan has asked New York’s Landmarks Preservation Commission to give landmark status to the Rose Reading

Room inside the New York Public Library’s flagship branch on Fifth Avenue.
House Republicans suffered an embarrassing setback Tuesday when they fell seven votes short of extending provisions of the Patriot Act, a vote that served as the first small uprising of the party's tea-party bloc. Defense Secretary Robert M.
Gates on Tuesday started laying out some details of his plans to save $100 billion over the next five years as he tries to run the Pentagon more efficiently. In the first randomized trial to address whether people with diabetes benefit from restricting fruit, researchers found that avoiding fruit may not have benefits for those with Type 2 diabetes. A U.S. judge approved the fine, which had been agreed upon with prosecutors, on the Swiss bank for helping Americans evade U.S.

# by naconbuy on on 2013-Nov-21

Russian researchers find that, with a little tweaking of their model, lightning studies support the

role of celestial particles in seeding lightning His nomination to a federal appeals court has been controversial, but the president's pick deserves confirmation.Two weeks ago, we asked readers to tell us how their employers aided or thwarted their efforts to pursue fitness.
We expected to hear


pedometers, lunchtime walks, company fitness centers and yoga classes.
Imposing 'wilding' agenda in the Cambrians is akin to ripping out the living, beating heart of the Welsh language and cultureWednesday is market day in Machynlleth, as it has been for 722 years. Walk down the town's main street on market day and among the dozens of stalls selling everything from organic courgettes to army surplus gear, you will hear a dizzy array of accents: Welsh, Brummie, Mancunian, home counties, cockney, some quite hard to place. Often too, you'll hear snatches of the Welsh language, but the predominant tongue by far is English.The diversity of accents at

the local sheep market, tucked away almost symbolically behind rows of houses to the north of the town, is also broad, but with one clear difference: these are the many dialects of Cymraeg, the Welsh language. Here, it is spoken English that is

in a tiny minority.In a place just a couple of hours from the heartland of the most expansionist linguistic culture in history, the continuation of an ancient language and culture may seem puzzling, but the fact that this persistence is strongest among those families who have farmed the Cambrian Mountains for thousands of years certainly isn't. Throughout the world, it is within agricultural and hunter gatherer communities that traditions and languages persist the most. And within our farming community the Welsh language and culture is not just stronger; it is, to all intents and purposes, universal.George Monbiot is apparently appalled by the insinuation that replacing agriculture in the Cambrians with a 'wilded' environment, where locals derive an income from tourism, would be akin to the displacement

of Native Americans to create Yellowstone National Park. What is truly appalling is that he does not recognise the analogy.Appalling, but sadly not shocking: over the past half century we have witnessed the arrival of countless rat-race refugees and environmental fundamentalists, all determined to reconnect with rural life and nature, seemingly oblivious to the fact that their new-found paradise is already occupied by people whose connection with the land is deep rooted, dates back thousands of years, and is embedded in their language and

many quickly recognise reality and become genuine and welcome members of the community, others

hide themselves away among the English ex-pat community, busying themselves with sorting out the world's problems, usually starting on their own doorsteps.Mike Parker, an Englishman 'gone native', summarises the position perfectly in Neighbours from Hell?, his book about English attitudes to the Welsh:"Never underestimate the zeal of the convert … they arrive in rural, Welsh-speaking Wales, fired up with a righteous sense of 'doing the right thing' in their environmental work, and nothing is allowed to dent that. Underpinning many of these attitudes is a deep-rooted certainty … that they have

far more to teach the Welsh than the other way around."Perhaps
it is the language barrier, or some similar harmless obstacle or misunderstanding which creates

this attitude, but it has the distinct aura of plain old fashioned English colonialism – only with the quinine replaced by camomile tea, and a new, written form of gun-boat diplomacy.It's
all stuff we are used to here, so why the particular anger among the Welsh about George Monbiot's wilding articles and book?Aside from the fact that wilding would destroy a host of sites of

special scientific interest, what is most offensive is the way in which reality is twisted to vilify those people and practices which must be displaced in order to create the wild Wales of English romantic myth.To this end, a landscape is portrayed where "…towers of smoke ...[rise]… from the hills as the farmers burn tracts of gorse and trees in order to claim more public money". And as if the battalion of EU-funded pyromaniac farmers seeking to "… expand the area eligible for … subsidy" [1] wasn't destructive enough, they are accompanied by an infantry of sheep which lay waste to everything the flames have failed to destroy.Powerful
images, but as much a work of fiction as the felling of Fangorn Forest by Saruman and his Orcs: sheep have been farmed in Wales for thousands of years, while area payments were introduced in 2005 – the same year in

which Good Agricultural and Environmental Condition (GAEC) rules were introduced and the area eligible for payments was fixed.So what impact has this alleged 'slash-and-burn-then-graze' policy "perfectly designed … for maximum ecological destruction", had? Miraculously, since GAEC was introduced in 2005 it has resulted in a doubling of the amount of woodland on Welsh upland farms, and a 65% increase in the same across Wales as a whole.During the same period, Welsh sheep numbers fell by around 20%, while studies of stocking numbers in vast areas of the Cambrian Mountains suggest that sheep numbers have peaked and troughed, but on the whole changed little, or diminished, over the past century.Of
course, it stands to reason that overgrazing can have a range of damaging impacts, but equally intuitive is the damage caused by the complete removal of herbivores, domestic or otherwise, which have been present for thousands of years

– hence the RSPB's conclusion (pdf) that "… undergrazing and loss of vegetation structure is now occurring in some areas, with adverse impacts for some species such as golden plover and other waders."Not surprisingly, Monbiot's proposed changes to the CAP would forex growth bot businesses which undertake such grazing unviable – farms which despite having average incomes of the order of £21,000, nevertheless input the best part of £100,000 into the rural economy each year specifically because they farm sheep.Given
that agriculture is estimated to support over 10% of full time employees in Wales (pdf), the implications of any proposals for change need to be carefully considered, especially when they have a wilding in mind, which rural economists generally regard with extreme scepticism.Finally, academic ponderings aside, what would the impacts be for my own children and their classmates? A quick head-count reveals that of the 46 children in their classes, 67% Welsh as a first language, of whom 39% are from sheep farming families, and 75% are reliant, to varying degrees, on sheep farming.Wild?
No; we are completely livid.•
Nick Fenwick is the director of agriculture policy, Farmers' Union of Wales. He's also the English translator of 'A portrait of Machynlleth and its surroundings'MountainsFarmingWalesWildlifeRural affairsAgricultureguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds    

SecurEnvoy has upgraded its SMS-based system for two-factor authentication with the ability for users to receive one-time passwords via a landline telephone call and enter them using the telephone keys.     MANAMA, BAHRAIN - On Wednesday morning, King Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa boarded a plane to pay his respects to

King Abdullah of neighboring Saudi Arabia, who had returned home after months abroad for medical treatments. Pregnant women who took daily supplements of DHA, a type of omega-3 fatty acid, had longer gestations, bigger babies and fewer early preterm births, according to a new clinical trial. U.S. stocks fell

last week, but the Standard & Poor's 500-stock index still finished the year with its biggest annual increase in six years.
However, the major rally that began in March couldn't prevent the index from posting its worst decade ever.
In the 1980s, the area of South Arlington called Shirlington was an I-395 off-ramp with no draw to speak of.
But by the '90s, Shirlington Village started to turn into

an oasis of nice restaurants to serve the condo communities of Fairlington, Parkfairfax and others.
Slowly, Shirlington began to lure... In 1993, Robert Townsend was an accomplished economist looking for a new project in his area of expertise, household finance. So he did something that few people would have recommended: Townsend spent months driving around northern Thailand in a borrowed van, surveying rural villagers about their incomes and expenses.
In due course, Townsend ran into a government researcher, Khun Sombat Sakunthasathien, who was traversing the same territory on a motorcycle, trying to set up small-scale community savings programs — partly as a way of keeping villagers from growing poppies, which fuel the drug trade. Townsend and Khun Sombat compared notes, discussed their data, and stayed in touch. Four years later, in 1997, they launched a unique program: the Thai Family Research Project, a series of annual and monthly surveys that have generated rich data about household finance in the developing world. Helped by about 200 researchers, the survey has created a detailed picture of 2,880 households, 262 community groups and 161 village-scale financial institutions, along with things like soil samples from nearly 2,000 agricultural plots. The results of this painstaking effort are hundreds of thousands of data points showing something distinctive: In Thailand’s expanding economy, considerable growth is coming from rural areas. Moreover, those rural households help themselves by using well-developed financial strategies, and by pooling risk smartly, to deal with natural hazards such as flooding. “By using the financial accounts, we can see wealth being created at the local level,” Townsend says. “You can see the financial strategies, and the cooperation among the households in informal risk-sharing networks, where they share their returns, as one of the key mechanisms. So it’s not just about individuals, it’s also about communities.” Creating something specialNow Townsend and Khun Sombat have written a new book, “Chronicles from the Field,” co-authored with Rob Jordan, about their experience. It discusses the empirical findings, but beyond that, recounts the life of the field researcher in the developing world, working to collect data that otherwise would never have been captured.“About 12 years into the process, we realized we had created something really special,” says Townsend, the Elizabeth and James Killian Professor of Economics at MIT and director of the Consortium on Financial Systems and Poverty, a research group in development economics. “We realized, too, we needed to document what had happened. Ultimately memory fades and all this rich experience and lessons learned would be

of the effort made by Townsend, a Thai speaker, has been to get to know the villagers in the area he studies, and build strong working relationships with them.“Organizations deal with people, and this is all about the people,” Townsend says.
“You need to build up trust. The households need to understand why

you’re asking them all these questions, and you need to be honest with them. By going back, you establish that you care.” That familiarity helped convince rural chicken farmers, for instance, that participating in the survey would not raise their taxes.Among
the project’s findings, Townsend says: Villagers — often farmers, fisherman and traders — have worked out systems to share risk “quite well, and even optimally,” via loans through kinship networks.
(Those without such networks are more exposed to financial problems.) Microfinance — small business loans — helps some types of rural businesses, such as

traders, and may help wages and consumption for a while, but has mixed results overall. Over an extended period of time, though, given some access to capital and smart micro niche finder rural economies have grown

consistently, often at a rate of greater

than 5 percent annually.“In some sense it’s a radical message,” Townsend

says of the findings.
“It’s saying that growth is not coming from Bangkok,

it’s not coming from the large factories, dribbling down to the low level. It’s the other way around.
Growth is coming from these small household enterprises.”‘It’s
worth the effort’The book has won praise from

other scholars; Patrick Rey, a professor at the Toulouse School of Economics in France, calls it a “fascinating tale of a rich, long-lasting experience in field work.” A documentary film that accompanies the book, “Emerging Thailand: The Spirit of Small Enterprise,” is making its debut with a screening at

MIT on April 23 at 5:30 p.m.
in E25-111.
Townsend says he hopes the story will be received, in book or film form, by a general audience, as well as by current or future researchers who would like to do fieldwork of their own. But while he thinks his project could provide some motivation or specific advice to others, he does not expect everyone to launch 15-year projects. “I don’t want the message to be that you have to commit to such long-running surveys,” Townsend says. “Even one or two years of a

well-designed survey is better than nothing.
Part of my advocacy is this: Start doing it.
It may seem like a hill to climb, but it’s well worth the effort.”
After 13 years, and no appearance in the N.C.A.A.
tournament, Northwestern begins a search for a new coach after the firing of Bill Carmody. Whether an Oscar nominee's newfound

recognition in Hollywood will pay off in future, lasting and top-billed work is a crapshoot.
Jamil Wilson scored all 10 of

his points in the second half, including the late 3-pointer that put No. 15 Marquette ahead for good in its 60-54 victory over Rutgers on Tuesday night.
There are two visually striking, complementary ways of previewing the Russian-language vampire-and-apocalypse movie "Night Watch." The evolution of market news — from messages on homing pigeons to newspaper articles to round-the-clock wire reports — has taken yet another disruptive step with the arrival of Twitter on trading desks throughout the world.
Read full article >>     Themes of fate, family life and renewal are brilliantly explored in this story of a life lived in wartime BritainKate Atkinson's new novel is a marvel, a great big confidence trick – but one that invites the reader to take part in the deception.
In fact, it is impossible to ignore it. Every time you attempt to lose yourself in the story of Ursula Todd, a child born in affluent and comparatively happy circumstances on 11 February 1910, it simply stops. If this sounds like the quick route to a short book,

don't worry: the narrative starts again – and again and again – but each time it takes a different course, its details sometimes radically, sometimes marginally altered, its outcome utterly unpredictable. Atkinson's general rule is that things seem to get better with repetition, but this, her self-undermining novel seems to warn us, is a comfort that is by no means guaranteed, either.She begins as she means to go on, and at the very beginning. (In fact, even this is not quite true: a brief prologue shows us Ursula in a Munich coffee shop in 1930, assassinating Hitler with her father's old service revolver.) At the start of the novel "proper", Sylvie Todd is giving birth to her third child, her situation given a fairytale atmosphere by the encroaching snow which also, alas, cuts her off from outside help in the form of Dr Fellowes or Mrs Haddock, the midwife. Ursula is stillborn, with the umbilical cord wrapped around her neck, her life unsaved for want of a pair of surgical scissors.
Fortunately, though, she is allowed another go at the business of coming into being; in take two, Dr Fellowes makes it, cuts the cord and proceeds to his reward of a cold collation and some homemade piccalilli (it might be too fanciful to notice that even the piccalilli repeats).Ursula's childhood is to be

punctuated with such near-misses: the treacherous undertow of the Cornish sea, icy tiles during a rooftop escapade, the wildfire spread

of Spanish flu.
Each disaster is confirmed by variations on the phrase "darkness fell", and each new beginning heralded by the tabula rasa that snow brings.

Ursula carries within her a vague, dimly apprehended sense of other, semi-lived lives, inexpressible except as impetuous actions – such as when she pushes a housemaid down the stairs to save her from a more terrible ending.
That misdemeanour lands her

in the office of a psychiatrist who introduces her, in kindly fashion, to the concept of reincarnation and to the roughly opposing theory of amor fati, particularly as espoused by

Nietzsche: the acceptance, or even embrace, of one's fate, and the rejection of the idea that anything could, or should, have unfolded differently.Amor
fati is tough to take, of course, if you are a drowning child, or a battered wife, or a shell-shocked young man, or a terrified mother calling for your baby in the rubble of the blitz, all of

whom and more besides make up

the lives captured, however fleetingly, in Life After Life. It's equally tough if you are a novelist, and put in the powerful but invidious position of controlling what befalls your characters.
Are their futures really written in their past? Can you tell what's going to happen to them simply from the way you started them off? Even sustaining your creative engagement could prove tricky: perhaps that's why one catastrophe is tagged with the exhausted words "Darkness, and so

on" and why yet another recitation of Ursula's birth is reduced to a mere five lines.The
reader is similarly implicated in this continual manipulation

of narrative tension google sniper suspension of disbelief. We want a story, but what kind of story do we want: something truthful or something soothing, something that ties up loose ends or something that casts us on to a tide of uncertainty, not only about what might happen, but about what already has? In Atkinson's model, we can have all of the above, but where does that leave us, with multiple tall tales clamouring for our attention?Sometimes, it appears we are being offered a straight choice between happy and unhappy endings.

On the one hand, there is Fox Corner, the Todd family home in what is still, although perhaps not for long, a wonderfully bucolic England. There are gin slings and tennis on the lawn and bees buzzing their "summer afternoon lullaby"; there is the reliable accumulation of

children – Ursula is the third of five – and servants that are either touchingly steadfast or humorously difficult; there are beloved

family dogs and treasured dolls and troublesome aunts whose bad behaviour can just about be absorbed.Outside in the lane, however, lurks an evil-minded stranger, his story the more powerful for never being brought into the light; and sometimes intruders arrive under the cloak of friendship.

When Ursula is molested, and then raped, by a pal of one

of her brothers, her exile from Fox Corner begins; her subsequent pregnancy and illegal abortion give way to a lonely London life, solitary drinking and then, most awfully, to a violent husband who shuts her up in a mean little house in Wealdstone, far from her family.Ursula's marriage to the vile Derek Oliphant – himself a constructor of false personal history – would never have happened if she had managed to evade her teenage abuser. In the next iteration, she does; and she is liberated once more, to plunge on to lives made perhaps even more divergent by the schism of the second world war. And

the reader is perplexed once more: what to make of a character so chameleon-like that we can watch her excavating bomb sites on one page, stranded in a dystopian, war-torn Berlin on another and (in what admittedly requires the biggest leap of faith) being entertained by the Führer at Berchtesgaden on yet another?This description of Atkinson's looping, metamorphosing narrative inevitably makes it sound tricksy, almost whimsical.
Structurally, it is, but its ceaseless renewals are populated with pleasures that extend beyond the what-next variety. She captures well, for example, the traumatic shifts in British society – and does so precisely because she cuts directly from one war to the next, only later going back to fill in, partially, what happened in between. She

demonstrates an

extraordinary gift for capturing peril: the sections in which influenza tears through Fox Corner are truly menacing, and the descriptions of Ursula's work in a bombed-out London are masterpieces of the macabre ("'Be careful here, Mr Emslie,' she said over her shoulder, 'there's a baby, try to avoid it.'").The
texture of daily life is beautifully conveyed, particularly in its domestic details, which often verge on the queasily visceral.
An ineptly poached egg is "a sickly jellyfish deposited on toast to die"; shortly

after Sylvie's confinement, Mrs Glover, the crosspatch cook, "took a bowl of kidneys soaking in milk from the pantry and commenced removing the fatty white membrane, like a caul". On another occasion, she thumps slices of veal with a tenderiser, imagining "they're the heads of the Boche". But alongside these minutiae is set the author's fascination with the intricacies of large families, and in particular with sibling relationships.The so-called family saga is, of course, where Atkinson's career as a novelist began, with the Whitbread-winning

Behind the Scenes at the Museum, itself a story that refused to proceed in linear fashion, invoking the spirit of Tristram Shandy in its digressive portrayal of the

life of Ruby Lennox. Neither book, of course, can really be contained by such a constricting label, just as Atkinson's four Jackson Brodie novels refuse to fit neatly into the genre marked crime.
Behind the Scenes and Life After Life both co-opt the family – its evolution over time, its exponentially multiplying characters and storylines, its silences and gaps in communication – and use it to show how fiction works and what it might mean to us.
But what makes Atkinson an exceptional writer – and this is her most ambitious and most gripping work to date – is that she does so with an emotional delicacy and understanding that transcend experiment or playfulness. Life After Life gives us a heroine whose fictional underpinning is permanently exposed, whose artificial status is never in doubt;

and yet one who feels painfully, horribly real to us. How do you square that circle? You'd have to ask Kate Atkinson, but I doubt she would give you a straight answer.FictionAlex Clarkguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved.
| Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds New pope was wrong to say last year that Britain had 'usurped' islands from Argentina, says prime ministerLess than 48 hours into the world's first Latin American papacy, David Cameron took issue in public with Pope Francis on Friday, quipping that the "white smoke over the Falklands was pretty clear" and dismissing the pontiff's explicit claims backing Argentinian ownership of the South Atlantic islands.As archbishop of Buenos Aires, the new pope had frequently laid claim to Argentinian dominion over the Falklands, describing them as part of Argentina's homeland.
He had presided over religious ceremonies commemorating his countrymen's servicemen who died in the 1982 war following the junta's invasion of the islands."I
don't agree with him, respectfully, obviously," Cameron said when asked about Pope Francis's views on the Falklands.In
a referendum last week in the Falklands a total of three voted not to remain under the British, the tiniest minority among fat burning furnace review 1,500 who said the islands should remain a Crown overseas territory."There
was a pretty extraordinarily clear referendum in the Falkland Islands," said the prime minister, "and I think that is a message to everyone in the world that the people of these islands have chosen very clearly the future they want and that choice should be respected by everyone."On the 30th anniversary of the war last year at a mass in Buenos Aires, the archbishop had said that the Argentinian forces who died following the invasion "went out to defend their mother, the homeland, to reclaim what is theirs". He described the British re-conquest under the Thatcher government as "usurpation". Ian TraynorFalkland IslandsDavid CameronPope FrancisAmericasReligionCatholicismChristianityThe papacyIan Traynorguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved.
| Use of this content is subject to our Terms

& Conditions | More Feeds The Web site of the Northwest Airlines flight attendants union plays ominous-sounding marching music, heavy on the drumbeats, as this menacing message fills the screen: "CHAOS -- coming to an airport near you." President Jacob Zuma of South Africa said on Thursday that doctors had told him that Nelson Mandela’s condition had improved and that he was “now stable.” Vikalp Sabhlok MSMS ’13, grew up in a small city in India where the electricity supply was notoriously unreliable. Now, as a student in MIT Sloan’s Master of Science in Management Studies (MSMS) program, he is exploring ways to improve the energy distribution system for the next generation.“I
have always had an interest in going back to India to make things better,” he says.
“If you provide electricity, productivity levels go up, and incomes increase.”A
mechanical engineering graduate of the Indian Institute of Technology with several years of experience in sales and marketing, Sabhlok says his interest in energy crystallized when he

was an MBA student at the Indian School of Business-Hyderabad, and while spending time as an exchange student at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill. There, during a course on alternative sources of energy, he learned about smart grids, which use information technology to match energy supply with demand. While most developing countries don’t

have the infrastructure to accommodate large-scale smart grids,

Sabhlok said he became intrigued by the idea that small-scale versions, called microgrids, could help India. Rather than one large generating plant with long, vulnerable power lines, microgrids could supply electricity to perhaps 200 people through a small system consisting of, for example, a diesel generator, a few solar panels and some batteries.
“In developing countries, [microgrids could provide] access to electricity in remote areas,” Sabhlok says.Ultimately, Sabhlok plans to pursue a career in socially responsible investing.
But in the short term, he is exploring the challenges of microgrid implementation for his thesis — a key component of the MSMS program, which enables top master’s degree students from non-U.S. business schools to earn a Master of Science from MIT Sloan in two semesters. Sabhlok said he was drawn to the MSMS program because “it’s so very, very flexible.” MSMS students can tailor their coursework — and their thesis — to meet their specific needs.
“I see my peers, and all of them are pursuing something of their own interest.
That’s so fascinating,” he says. “This gives an exceptional breadth to one’s learning experience at MIT

arrived in September planning to make the most of his nine months at MIT, and he has certainly kept busy.
In addition to taking classes at MIT and Harvard Business School, he serves as finance director of the MIT Energy Club and plays on MIT’s badminton team. He is also working as a research assistant, traveled to China over spring break and was recently named a semifinalist (along with MIT Sloan teammates) in MIT’s $100K Entrepreneurship Competition.“If
you come to MIT with an open mind, there are

so many things you can do,” says Sabhlok, noting he particularly enjoyed a course called Strategic Opportunities in Energy, which led to his work researching biofuels for Senior Lecturer Henry Weil and Professor Charles Cooney of Chemical Engineering. Sabhlok also gained hands-on experience through China Lab, partnering with Huiqin Wang MFin ’13 and Chinese business students to provide assistance to a Chinese information technology startup. When he returned from China in early April, he learned that Unnati, a startup venture undertaken with MIT Sloan colleagues, had advanced in the $100K Competition.Unnati’s

goal is to take discarded goods from wealthy urban areas of India and funnel them to poorer regions, providing affordable products while reducing waste.
The project emerged from work begun by Hrishikesh Trivedi MSMS ’13 in the MIT Sloan Leadership Lab. Other team members are Anand Kumar MSMS ’13 and Satish Sahadevappa SF ’13.
This venture is just one of the many benefits of the close-knit MSMS program. “In comparison to other programs at Sloan, we are just 35 people in the MSMS program and so we’re really tight,” Sabhlok says.
“We are living the Sloan value of collaboration every day!” The White House’s decision to provide more information on targeted killings and the attack in Benghazi was expected to ease the confirmation of John O. Brennan as the new director of the C.I.A.
Daniel Sedin had a goal and an assist to help the Vancouver Canucks lock up their fifth straight Northwest Division title with a 3-1 victory over the Chicago Blackhawks on Monday night.     Can you identify the subject of the sentence from the article?     When planning major home renovation, there are many steps you have to take to find the right professionals, including the contractor and perhaps an architect. It's equally important to take steps to protect your legal interests - and to do so early in the

# by naconbuy on on 2013-Nov-22

The Kyrgyz boy, watching me struggle to direct my horse down a narrow mountain pass, looked up,

"It's your first Kyrgyz horse?" he asked.
Well, yes. My first horse ever, really. And my first time trying to guide an animal across a landscape as rugged and unforgiving as the Wakhan Corridor, where explorers have fought altitude sickness since Marco Polo's 13th century trek. Read full article >>     With LeBron James and Kobe Bryant blazing a trail for a new era, the NBA is finally emerging from the shadow of Michael Jordan on the verge of a renaissance.Senior
lecturer and pianist David Deveau will perform in New England Conservatory's Jordan Hall as part of the Boston Bank of America Celebrity Series on Saturday, Jan. 14, at 8 p.m.To
celebrate the 25th anniversary of the Rockport Chamber Music Festival and his 10th year as the festival's artistic director, Deveau will perform a special program of solo and ensemble works by Franz Joseph Haydn, Franz Liszt and Anton Webern, as well as a new piece by Professor Peter Child (commissioned by Bank of America Celebrity Series). He will also give a rare performance of the chamber version of Beethoven's Piano Concerto No.
4, discovered in Germany in 1995.
He'll be joined by a host of renowned musicians, including Professor Marcus Thompson, a violist.
Ticket prices range from $22-$35.
For more information, visit www.celebrityseries.org/. Mark Donne's documentary on the UK tax avoidance industry will outrage and appalThis is the kind of film to get the blood boiling and the steam hissing out of your ears.
Campaigning journalist Mark Donne has constructed an ambitious and admirably clear assault on the UK's lamentable record in the tax avoidance industry, zeroing in on the unsavoury role played by the City of London and its institutions – not just in this country, but in far more desperate international territories too. In fact, one of the more sinister allegations of this film concerns TheCityUK, a body set up by our own Square Mile, which

is using its clout to develop the Kenyan capital Nairobi as a financial hub.With
the assistance of a string of well-informed talking heads, Donne's film points out the major features of the tax avoidance landscape: tax havens, brass plates, capital flight, crown dependencies, and the like. It soon becomes clear that the avoiders' best weapon is silence – the list

of those who refused to talk to the film-makers, helpfully appended to the closing credits, speaks volumes. Operating under the media radar, and taking advantage of the jurisdiction-hopping only the super-rich are capable of, this specialised skill set liberates a staggering amount of money from national treasuries, whichever way you look at it.Donne's
film offers a harsh verdict on the current UK government; despite its protestations to the contrary, it has introduced legislation to make it easier to avoid tax abroad.
Barack Obama, in contrast,

comes in for a

fairly glowing assessment, condemning the arrangements in certain UK-controlled territories as a "scam" and setting up tough regulations for anyone doing business with US companies.This
is a knotty, fat burning furnace and certainly of vital, topical import; Donne does his best to keep it stimulating to watch, even if he has to resort to lots of helicopter shots of a jewel-box City of London and other visual filler. Worried, perhaps, that his film isn't dynamic enough, Donne introduces a telegenic cleric, the Rev William Taylor, who is supposedly orchestrating the film's investigation; after a brief scene-setting he promptly disappears and doesn't re-emerge until the 40-minute mark. In truth, gallant though Taylor is, his presence isn't really necessary.Be
that as it may, this is a documentary to outrage and appal. Whether it can trigger actual change remains to be seen; its best hope is that, in any follow-up report, narrator Dominic West will not have to intone, as he regularly does here, "This was not reported in any national media."•
The UK Gold screens at the East End film festival in London on 27 JuneRating: 3/5DocumentaryTax and spendingAndrew Pulverguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved.
| Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds The pay levels at Ford and General Motors far exceed what the companies were paying their executives a few years ago, when the automakers were losing billions

of dollars. As a kid, I recall shutting my eyes beneath hardly pressed fingers during a very serious game of hide-and-seek and thinking, if I can't see him, he can't see me. Of course, I was promptly tagged and have since grown up and now know that childhood maxim doesn't hold true in the real world. Read full article >> The gallery at the New York School of Interior Design is hosting “Designing the Luxury Hotel: Neal Prince and the InterContinental Brand,” a retrospective honoring the designer’s role as a mover and shaker in hospitality from the 1960’s to the 1980’s.
Close to finalizing the trade for Paul Pierce and Kevin Garnett, Nets General Manager Billy King likes his team’s prospects but has little cap room left.     The N.H.L. cited Buffalo forward Patrick Kaleta’s repeat offender status in handing down the punishment for his face-slamming hit on the Rangers’ Brad Richards. Empanadas have become more and more popular, and New Jersey chefs are experimenting with dozens of different varieties.    
We're used to seeing him flexing his pecs on screen, but now it looks like Arnold Schwarzenegger is turning

his intellectual muscle towards the media. The Terminator/Governator … and probably lots of other -ators … is going to add magazine editing to his repertoire of skills, reports i.
Before the head honchos at titles such as the Spectator, Economist and New Statesman start fearing for their jobs, worry not, Arnie has reportedly been named executive editor of Muscle & Fitness and Flex magazines.
Stick with what you know, big man.MagazinesNewspapers & magazinesArnold SchwarzeneggerMonkeyguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds Quick Study: More-conservative surgery seems as good forex growth bot review breast cancer care Industry veteran Bill Rubino has retired as president and CEO of Jofco, a role he held at the office-furniture manufacturer for 25 years.

Stephen Yablo,

professor of philosophy; The move breaks with a practice that had narrowed Oscar voting in certain categories to those who had seen the nominees on the big screen.    
The gallery at the New York School of Interior Design is hosting “Designing the Luxury Hotel: Neal

Prince and the

InterContinental Brand,” a retrospective honoring the designer’s role as a mover and shaker in hospitality from the 1960’s to the 1980’s. Ben Brantley on Harold Pinter’s “Old Times” and an intimate revival of “Merrily We Roll Along.” Redundancy forced Dave Pearson from a job he loved in a PRU, but doing a part-time maths degree alongside supply work has injected new energy and purpose into his teachingI qualified as an engineer before I went into teaching, but a redundancy after my first year of work led me to a bit of a crossroads.
My mum was a primary school teacher and my dad a welding lecturer and they suggested I think about teaching. Design and technology (DT) was a relatively new subject in schools and so with my engineering background and interest in making things I thought this would work.I
did a two year teaching degree in Wolverhampton as DT was a shortage subject. Unfortunately, I collapsed a disc in my back while I was in the middle of the degree and spent most of the last year wearing a whalebone corset, barely able to walk. Sometimes I even had to lay down on the floor in lectures to take notes and in my first teaching practice I was navigating my way around the classroom looking for the next desk to hold onto.
Luckily a spine operation just before my finals sorted my back out.After
my degree I had six job interviews but didn't get a job at first so went into supply teaching.
Interestingly, I did supply at schools

where I'd gone for interviews and ended up being offered jobs I hadn't got at interview.
So I'm convinced doing supply work is a great route to getting a job.I didn't really know I had found my vocation when I started teaching. I was more giving it a shot as an avenue to explore. My first job was at Archbishop Grimshaw school (now John Henry Newman Catholic College) in Chorley Wood and I was really pleased that they paid me two points above the starting scale because of my previous engineering experience and my age.
That got me through my NQT year, but then I decided to do supply again.I
got an offer of some work at North Warwickshire Pupil Referral Unit (PRU). I took it for the adventure and as another string to my bow.
So I went into working with children with behavioural, emotional and social difficulties (BESD) and special educational needs (SEN) quite lightly.

I first walked into the PRU on Monday 8 January 1998, I remember the date because it was micro niche finder important turning point in my life.First
of all I sat on groups in the unit without being given a specific role, the same thing happened on Tuesday. So I went to see the head of the centre to ask what I was actually doing here. I found out the first couple of days were an initiation, as many teachers never came back after the first day.
Then I found out about my first pupil, a young man in Nuneaton whose behaviour levels were so bad that no one had been able to engage with him in any way. The centre head told me I could teach him anything I liked as long as you engage him.So it was a very open brief, before the days when PRUs were monitored and regulated by Ofsted. I went with a project of Roman history but as soon as I walked into the room with the boy and his little brother who had been excluded from primary school, I knew this wasn't going to work at any level.
The next time

I took my tool box and worked on a project manufacturing working models, and that did the trick.I
met lots of different types of families in the course of working for North Warwickshire PRU, some were in desperate

situations and by the time they saw us there were three generations of problems stacking up. I made it my mission to directly improve the quality of people's lives by going to their homes and put some good into their lives, and try and develop the ability. I started with five tutees who I was supposed to spend one hour a day with.
I was able to tailor specific programmes to meet my pupil's diverse needs and found they responded best when I taught them real life skills.Working
with children with serious behavioural, emotional and developmental special needs is very challenging but I realised from the start that it was for me. I've never experienced camaraderie as in the PRU. I was offered a contract after a year and then

made a permanent member of staff. Our aim was to start teaching children at home and then slowly bring them into the PRU

in small groups and from there the idea was to go back into mainstream education, but this was very rare. Teaching some children at home was infinitely better than bringing into the PRU in groups. And if you brought them to the groups too early, it was mayhem.
So we were really quite devastated when all the work we'd put in at the PRU wasn't recognised and was trashed by Ofsted who put us in special measures and then ultimately closed us down in 2011 as part of a move to replace PRUs with learning support units within mainstream schools. I was made redundant and it was an incredibly stressful period.But something happened to me while all this was happening which was a real light in my life and has led to what I'm doing now. I started teaching maths

to some of google sniper review at the PRU and really enjoyed it.I only had my O-level in maths, so I did an A-level at evening classes at City College Coventry. I loved it. My maths guru Saeed Vakilpour suggested I did an A-level in further maths before starting a degree and I was still finishing that when I got made redundant so it was a real light shining at a dark time for me.Doing
well at my A-levels really increased my flagging self esteem and I decided to do a degree in maths with the Open University.
I've just completed my first year and

am loving it.At the same time I have been doing some really enjoyable supply work. I've had a number of assignments at Newbridge Short Stay School in Worcester which has a very similar function to a PRU and I'm mainly focusing on maths teaching. So it's all worked out for me. It just goes to show that even when terrible things happen in your career, you can pick yourself up and find another niche. My plan long term is to teach A-level maths, which I have already been doing privately. I've also picked up my design and technology teaching again at Newbridge which has a great DT workshop.I
love teaching maths. I think it's because it's a subject that I struggled with when I was at school. I'm not a mathematical genius but I stoically plod through my

degree, unpicking it completely so I understand and I think that really helps with teaching it. I love it seeing the light come on as it did with me.Dave
Pearson is a maths teacher (and student) and BESD specialist.This
content is brought to you by Guardian Professional.
Looking for your next role? Take a look at Guardian jobs for schools for thousands of the latest teaching, leadership and support jobs.Career adviceSchoolsTeachingEmily Drabbleguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated

All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds     Hexabromocyclododecane, commonly known as HBCD, is a flame retardant that is starting to give a lot of green builders headaches. The company is developing a television set-top box and is talking with content providers to distribute video services.    
Seth Curry scored 20 points in his final home game and No. 3 Duke pulled away to beat Virginia Tech 85-57 on Tuesday night.
The crisis in Japan has put governments on the defensive and undermined the nuclear power industry's recent renaissance as the clean energy of the future.
In his superbly marketed blockbuster "Freedom," Jonathan Franzen lectured at us for a long time about the dire plight of the environment.
Readers who had been busy in another room during the past 50 years learned from his earnest hero that the population is exploding, pollution is poisoning rive... The people tapped by Hugo Chavez to carry on his socialist revolution seem to be improvising the rules of governing as they march toward what most Venezuelans consider certain victory in a mid-April vote to replace the late

# by softstorer on on 2013-Nov-28

Could Superman punch someone so hard that they went into space? Wired Science blogger Rhett Allain works out the answer.     The Israeli police on Wednesday agreed to re-investigate the 2009 injury of an American activist during a clash between Israeli security forces and protesters.    Post
Home Section staffers Jura Koncius and Terri Sapienza take questions on your decorating dilemmas. This week they'll help you get your home ready for holiday houseguests. Classic American style, upgraded, just in time for the Fourth of July.     Software AG has picked up cloud PaaS (platform-as-a-service) vendor LongJump in a bid to give small and medium-sized companies a way to rapidly develop applications with less involvement from IT. Terms of the deal, which was announced Thursday, were not disclosed.
LongJump's platform gives users a set of models and

templates for building applications, with no need to code, according to Software AG's announcement. Applications can

be deployed on public and private cloud services, as well as on premises and through mobile devices. Other than Robinson Cano, question marks abound among the top 10 second basemen and beyond. Fire grows to 1,000 acres and forces hundreds of residents to evacuate from communities of Peeples Valley and Yarnell, around 100

miles northwest of Phoenix, on June 30, 2013. Three games played, three victories, and Brazil's 2013 Confederations Cup appears to be taking shape the same as when Luiz Felipe Scolari built the team that won the 2002 World Cup.    
I know how high school course choices affect college chances, but I know much less about how they affect lives. For that kind of advice, I rely on some experienced career specialists, such as Ann Emerson of Stafford County public schools. She sent me a refreshingly cool appraisal of the red hot...
THE SUBLIME ENGINE A Biography of the Human Heart By Stephen Amidon and Thomas Amidon Rodale.
242 pp. $24.99 More than any other body part, the human heart has both baffled and awed generations of doctors, priests, poets and ordinary people. Not even the brain evokes such complex reactions, Step...
The Sundance festival is now a big beast but, says its director John Cooper, its aim is unchanged – to uncover new talent and storiesEarlier this year, Robert Redford was asked if he would launch Sundance today.
"Probably not," he replied.
"There are probably too many festivals."
The festival's director, John Cooper, is surprised.
"I never heard him say that.

would probably argue with him if he did."That would be a novelty. Cooper has shaped Sundance's January flagship event in Park City, Utah, since 2009 and, by

his own account, he and Redford see eye-to-eye on

pretty much everything. "You couldn't ask for a better boss.
He is still the visionary and the strategist

behind our growth, but he's pretty easy. He lets you do your work. He likes new ideas. You say you want to take the film festival to London and he gets behind it."A former Broadway tap dancer, Cooper, 56, cuts an easy figure when we meet in the tea room of the Langham hotel.
He wears an

elegant black sweater draped over his shoulders. Light jazz and show-tunes waft over from a piano across the room. It's no surprise he gets on with Redford given that his appointment as festival director followed two decades in creative development roles at Sundance.
During that time, Cooper says, Sundance has

"become much more organised.
We have audience members who look back with nostalgia that I don't really have.
I like when a Q&A can get messy around a subject but I like the work to be shown in the best way possible. I don't miss 16mm that much."When
Redford set up an organisation to promote independent American cinema, it was a radical thing for a Hollywood star to do.
Opportunities to make and watch movies outside the studio system were thin on the ground in 1978, when Redford chaired the inaugural Utah/US film festival.
A couple of years later, he founded the Sundance Institute to promote independent film-making, and it took over the festival in 1985.Sundance became a US cinema powerhouse, helping to launch the careers of Jim Jarmusch, Steven Soderbergh and Quentin Tarantino, among many others, creating seminal training schemes (or "labs") and seeing titles it premiered receive major distribution deals and Oscar recognition. But, arguably, it became something of a beast, attracting ever more people to Park City, along with major star and studio interest and criticism that it had drifted from its dedication to undiscovered talent.In
a good year, it can still pick them: last year's festival offered the world premieres of Searching for tinnitus miracle review and Beasts of the Southern Wild. Fruitvale, winner of jury and audience prizes this year, was picked up by

Harvey Weinstein and selected for Cannes.
So while Sundance remains a powerful platform for identifying unconventional features with crossover potential, there are now many more avenues for such discoveries than there were in 1978, from hundreds of festivals to online self-distribution.Accordingly,
Cooper has long been interested in using Sundance's cachet to promote indie film culture beyond the conventional festival model. "Our main mission is developing artists, but also developing audiences," he says. At Park City, he was involved in launching Sundance strands such as New Frontier on Main Street, which showcases artists' moving-image and installation work, and Next, which highlights more challenging works, such as Compliance.
He has also helped to develop collaborations with arthouse cinemas across the US and establish Sundance platforms on YouTube, iTunes, Netflix and Xbox.Last year's launch of Sundance London marked another new direction: international satellite festivals.
(Talks for an Abu Dhabi edition fell through in 2009, while Sundance Institute labs have been held in France, Jordan, India and

Mexico.) "This is audience-building but it also helps film-makers. You have to think globally in this time to be really successful as a filmmaker." Running over four days at the O2 in Greenwich, the London version is screening 21 features and a handful of shorts.And more besides. There's a move away from simply showcasing. "That was the old notion – now it's more about creating different kinds of experience.
There's still magic in getting people together. As we get more technical, we're coming back to these real, authentic experiences. I could be flippant and ask: 'If you could get

married online, would you do that too?'" Does this mean the future of Sundance lies away from Utah? "It feels like we're moving towards the core," Cooper says.
"I mean the impulse for why we do it, why we think these films are important, introducing new talent and new stories to the rest of the world."And,
for the avoidance of

doubt, there is still room for radicalism. This year's programme includes Escape from Tomorrow, a guerrilla fantasy horror filmed without permission at Disneyland and Disney World.

Its legal status is dubious at best.
Sundance: still sticking it to the man, sometimes.Sundance London runs 25-28 April.Sundance
film festivalRobert RedfordSundance film festival 2013FestivalsBen Waltersguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News

and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
All rights reserved.
| Use of this content is subject to

our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds Speaking in Senegal on Thursday, the president praised the decision to overturn the Defense of Marriage Act, and he urged African nations to make sure gays and lesbians were not discriminated against. The publicist for Puerto Rican reggaeton stars Wisin & Yandel said Sunday that the Grammy-winning duo has no intention of breaking up, dismissing comments made by another performer that the pair were going their separate ways.     Music, wrestling, pratfalls: an “As You Like It” at the New Victory Theater that aims to charm adolescents.

Moving tribute from a younger fan. The Italian president, aged 87• A fine occasion commemorating Eric Hobsbawm at Senate House in London: the master historian died last October at the age of 95. Simon Schama

gave a moving tribute, as did Claire Tomalin.
Also there, Charles Clarke, Patricia Hewitt, Lord Birt and Michael Frayn.

But the most notable tribute came from Giorgio Napolitano, who took time off from solving Italy's political crisis – specifically, creating his new government – to pay video tribute to Hobsbawm, describing him as an example to follow. And he meant it.
Napolitano was recently re-elected president of Italy at the age of 87, for a seven-year term.•
As cold winds blow, some continue to suggest that the only staffer with security of tenure in the Catholic church is the

Recently we reported on the cull of justice and peace workers. Now another worker in the social justice sector may have fallen foul of higher powers. Last May, Patricia Chale was appointed the first director of Caritas in Westminster.
Seven months later, Chale, with years of experience as an international management consultant in the UK and across Europe, the Middle East and Africa, became director of the Scottish Catholic International Aid Fund. But now she's off.
"Patricia Chale's employment with Sciaf will end on 2 May," said the fund, without further explanation.
"The board will consider appointing a new chief officer in due course.
For the time being Sciaf will be led by the members of the senior management team working together." Perhaps she jumped. Maybe she was pushed.
But it's forex growth bot download bit

abrupt and tense.• Events have also moved alarmingly quickly in north London, where Britain's first atheist church has been asked to leave the Anglican building it occupied for its ground-breaking services. It now appeals to others of faith to help with alternative premises.

But the space would need to be ample, for the Sunday Assembly's meetings since January have attracted up to 500 people. Services have been run in shifts.
It's about excessive numbers: heath and safety, says St Paul's Steiner School, guardians of the St Paul's nave. No it's not, says atheist "pastor" Sanderson Jones. It's about "moralising" Christians.
"The Sunday Assembly has its first martyr," says Jones. And yet the church will go on, it's meeting next month at Conway Hall, central London.
Did the singing of Run Rabbit Run at Easter make things worse? Probably, Jones says.•
Meanwhile, in the wake of possibly the most scandalous tale of the year: the revelation British businessman Jim McCormick sold fake bomb detectors to war-torn countries; a salutary note from reader Cliff Lenton of Somerset. "Sighted at the entrance of Dunes

shopping mall in Abuja, Nigeria, last week: a McCormick fake bomb detector held together with Sellotape." At least the Sellotape was genuine.•
Finally, we know what the current crop of Tory leaders are like.
Yesterday, as Boris Johnson's brother Jo took the reins at the No 10 policy unit, we were reminded that Big Dave, his chief of staff, the chancellor's chief economic adviser, and now the head of the policy unit, attended the same school.
They were all in it

together, so to speak.
But what to say about the Tories of yesteryear? Blogger Aidan Byrne directs us to one historical document too often overlooked, the True Blue Cookery Book, compiled by party officials in the 70s. They were, we find, a solid, if slightly unadventurous band of folk. Asked to contribute a recipe, the family suggestion from Tim, now Baron, Renton, was carrots.

"Grate them, boil for a very short time with a little salt, drain them and dot with butter and they are delicious." From Christopher, now Baron,

Tugendhat, the

fare was cold curried consommé starter, a dish derived from tinned beef soup and

Philadelphia cheese. The late Baroness Thatcher, then leader of the opposition, sent a recipe for fish pie. And Ted Heath sent onion nut souffle, though he was too grand to submit it himself. It was handed in by his housekeeper. Few pushed the envelope, as it were, but Sir John Stanley showed what

can indeed be done with fish, cream and citrus fruits. "Esoteric Kippers". Mmmm.
Twitter: @hugh_muirEric HobsbawmHugh MuirJo Johnsonguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds     Money and Manziel are often mentioned together these days. Net income dropped 85 percent, to $4.7 million, largely on costs attributable to buyouts, severance and restructuring.    
India's Jeev Milka Singh has shunned the red carpet of Bollywood to concentrate on the greens of Castle Stuart and the defense of his Scottish Open crown this week.     The theater critics for

The New York Times answer readers’ questions about musical adaptations, their biggest disappointments of the season and what awards season means.    
Students from the School of Architecture + Planning (SA+P) traveled to Israel in January for a 10-day collaborative workshop with Tel Aviv University's Laboratory for Contemporary Urban Design (TAU LCUD).The workshop was one part of a semester-long studio,

under the direction of SA+P’s Eran Ben-Joseph and TAU’s Tali Hatuka, focusing on Kiryat Gat, a mid-sized town in the south of Israel built in the 1950s.
The city was chosen as a ‘laboratory’ for re-designing outmoded planned towns of that era with the aim of creating new planning models that could reshape the future of similar cities across the world.Read more Attackers unleashed a carefully planned assault with car bombs and gunmen disguised as police on the Iraqi Justice Ministry on Thursday, killing at least 24 people as hundreds of others crouched terrified in their offices. Read full article >> WASHINGTON -- In the midst of the budget crisis, an old debate has broken out with new force: Should Social Security be seen as part of the deficit that Washington needs to rein in? Meredith Vieira, former host on “The View” and “Today,” will begin her syndicated show in fall 2014 for NBCUniversal.    

trying to force an element to always extend to the height of its parent I ran into some peculiar browser behaviour that I thought was worth mentioning. Here’s the

# by softstorer on on 2013-Nov-28

The State Senate voted 20 to 14 Tuesday to override Gov.
Mike Beebe’s veto of a bill that would establish the country’s

most stringent limits on abortion, banning the procedure after 12 weeks of pregnancy.
Today, the dining

table has unlimited uses, and its size is bound to make an impact on a room.Prince
George's County Executive Rushern L. Baker III is hoping the county's

new economic development corporation will help attract more business and jobs to the jurisdiction.
Talk to experts about the impact of music, art, and the like on our brain Polly Toynbee rightly identifies education and culture as our most valuable international assets (1 March).
Our research clearly shows that these – and the English language – are vital in attracting talent, trade and tourism. She is also right that perceptions about UK immigration policy must not be allowed to pull out the welcome mat from under hard-working international students.There is a clear case for continued investment in education and culture – but those of us who are able must adapt to an age of austerity.
Public service organisations like the British Council, the BBC and UK universities already look to the world to earn and partner to deliver more public benefit at less cost to the public purse. For entrepreneurial public services and private sector providers in education and culture, the global demand is immense. To know the UK is to love the UK – but it starts with seeing all the world as our stage and throwing open our own doors wide enough to let talent in.John WorneDirector of strategy, British Council• Polly Toynbee could have gone further. Post-graduation, overseas students should be encouraged to set up businesses in the UK and contribute to the economy, rather than take their ideas back

to their home countries. This year our business incubator has applied for – and been granted – visas for two of its design graduates under the graduate entrepreneur scheme, granting leave to stay to skilled overseas graduates endorsed by their universities.
But applying is unnecessarily complicated.
As Universities UK, the British Venture Capital

Association and many business leaders have recently expressed, Britain needs to capitalise upon its investment in the education of skilled individuals. It should allow them to work in the UK before returning to their own countries with a strengthened network of UK business contacts, goodwill towards this nation and every future likelihood of placing orders with British companies.Dr
Paul ThompsonRector and vice-provost, Royal College of ArtInternational studentsHigher educationStudentsguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved.
| Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds In Australia, unlike in America, a successful HPV vaccination campaign has resulted in a sharp decline in genital warts and precancerous lesions among young women and men.    
CAIRO - If it's true that Egypt pulled off a so-called Facebook revolution, then the nation is about to confront a status change in its relationship with democracy: "It's complicated." Very. In this week’s issue of the journal Neurology, researchers at MIT and two Boston hospitals provide early evidence that a simple, unobtrusive wrist sensor could gauge the severity of epileptic seizures as accurately as electroencephalograms (EEGs) do — but without the ungainly scalp electrodes and electrical leads. The device could make it possible to collect clinically useful data from epilepsy patients as they go about their daily lives, rather than requiring them to come to the hospital for observation.
And if early results are borne out, it could even alert patients when their seizures are severe enough

that they need to seek immediate medical attention.Rosalind Picard, a professor of media arts and sciences at MIT, and her group originally designed the sensors to gauge the emotional states of children with autism, whose outward behavior can be at odds with what they’re feeling. The sensor measures the electrical conductance of the skin, an indicator of the state of the sympathetic nervous system, which controls the human fight-or-flight response.In a study conducted at Children’s Hospital Boston, the research team — Picard, her student Ming-Zher Poh, neurologist Tobias Loddenkemper and four colleagues from MIT, Children’s Hospital and Brigham and Women’s Hospital — discovered that the higher a patient’s skin conductance during a seizure, the longer it took for the patient’s brain to resume the neural oscillations known as brain waves, which EEG measures.
At least one clinical study has shown a correlation between the duration of brain-wave suppression after seizures and the incidence of sudden unexplained death in epilepsy (SUDEP), a condition that claims thousands of lives each year in the United States alone. With SUDEP, death can occur hours after a seizure.Currently, patients might use a range of criteria to determine whether a seizure

is severe enough to warrant immediate medical attention.
One of them is duration. But during the study at Children’s Hospital, Picard says, “what we found was that this severity measure had nothing to do with the length of the seizure.” Ultimately, data from wrist sensors could provide crucial information to patients deciding whether to roll over and go back to sleep or get to the emergency room.Surprising
signalsThe realization that the wrist sensors might be of use in treating epilepsy was something of a fluke. “We’d been working with kids on the autism spectrum, and I didn’t realize, but

a lot of them have seizures,” Picard says. In reviewing data from their

autism studies, Picard and her group found that seizures were sometimes preceded by huge spikes in skin conductance.
It tinnitus miracle their sensors might actually be able to predict the onset of seizures.At
the time, several MIT students were working in Picard’s lab through MIT’s Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP); one of them happened to be the daughter of Joseph Madsen, director of the

Epilepsy Surgery Program at Children’s Hospital. “I decided it was time to meet my UROP’s dad,” Picard says.
In a project that would serve as the basis of Poh’s doctoral dissertation, Madsen agreed to let the MIT researchers test the sensors on patients with severe epilepsy, who were in the hospital for as much as a week of constant EEG monitoring. Poh and Picard considered several off-the-shelf sensors for the project, but “at the time, there was nothing we could buy that did what we needed,” Picard says.
“Finally, we just built our own.”“It’s a big challenge to make a device robust enough to withstand long hours of recording,” Poh says.
“We were recording days or weeks in a row.” In early versions of the sensors, some fairly common gestures could produce false signals. Eliminating the sensors’ susceptibility to such sources of noise was largely a process of trial and error, Picard says.Blending
in Additionally, Poh says, “I put a lot of thought into how to make it really comfortable and as nonintrusive as possible. So I packaged it all into typical sweatbands.” Since the patients in the study were children, “I allowed them to choose their favorite character on their wristband — for example, Superman, or Dora the Explorer, whatever they like,” Poh says. “To them, they were wearing a wristband. But there

was a lot of complicated sensing going on inside the wristband.” Indeed, Picard says, the researchers actually lost five of their homemade sensors because hospital cleaning staff saw what they thought were ratty sweatbands lying around recently vacated rooms and simply threw them out. Claims by a cryptography researcher this week about weaknesses in the RC4 algorithm used in SSL/TLS certificates is being downplayed by the group known as the Certificate Authority Security Council (CASC) which was

recently established to address questions on security in this area. Aligning business models and incentives so utility companies can embrace innovation that creates value for diverse stakeholders; • Wiggins trails race leader Joaquim Rodríguez by 10 seconds• Nairo Quintana wins stage with Wiggins finishing fourthSir Bradley Wiggins moved up to third in the Volta a Catalunya after the Briton animated stage three with a searing attack in the last kilometre.The
peloton had only just reeled in the escapees Nicolas Edet and Jurgen Van Den Broeck and looked to be heading for a bunch finish at the Vallter 2000 ski resort when Wiggins rode off the front, showing an impressive turn of speed.Only
the Movistar pair

Nairo Quintana and Alejandro Valverde and Katusha's Joaquim Rodríguez could match Wiggins's burst, with Quintana sprinting clear of the elite group to win by six seconds.Wiggins finished fourth and in the same time as Valverde and

Rodríguez, who are first and second on general classification with the Team Sky leader 10 seconds off the pace.The same riders are expected to be to the fore once again on Thursday's stage four – another summit finish – with its 11 mile final climb.Wiggins's Sky team-mates will reflect on Wednesday's Dwars door Vlaanderen semi -classic in Waregem, Belgium. The British team had both Matthew Hayman and Ian Stannard, so impressive in finishing sixth at Milan-San Remo on Sunday, in contention in a final group of nine with a kilometre to go.Thomas Voeckler's courageous solo attack was dragged back on the

line by the Italian Oscar Gatto, with Borut Bozic finishing second and the Australian Hayman third. The British national

champion Stannard came home in ninth.Bradley WigginsTeam SkyCyclingJames Callowguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved.
| Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions |

More Feeds “The Cradle Will Rock,” Marc

Blitzstein’s 1937 musical, a proud

artifact of theater as agitprop, gets a robust if spare revival at City Center.    
CARACAS, Venezuela — A day after Hugo Chavez’s death, the populist government that was built around his outsized persona began to pay homage on Wednesday as Venezuelans wondered what would come next after his 14 years in office. Read full article >> Account assignments, executive appointments and miscellaneous news from advertising agencies. Story prepared by MIT SHASS Communications Editorial and Design Director: Emily HiestandSenior Writer: Kathryn O'Neill Since NASA’s Curiosity rover made its extraordinary Aug.
6 touchdown on Mars, it has been roving the Martian landscape, returning startling images. So far, the rover has revealed rust-colored canyons and the remains of what appears to be an ancient riverbed — a sign that the Red Planet may have once supported water, or even life.
For Allen Chen ’00, SM ’02, “it’s like Christmas every day,” as the rover sends new images and information back to Earth. Chen, who studied aeronautics and astronautics at MIT, was the deputy chief of the rover’s descent and landing team, and spent the last 10 years puzzling over how to safely land the car-sized rover on Mars. His team’s ultimate game

plan involved a heat shield, a parachute, several rocket engines and, most daringly, a bungee cord-style sky crane. “I worked 10 years for seven minutes to go well,” Chen says, adding as understatement, “It

was a pretty good ride.” Chen returned to MIT on Wednesday to relive that ride, along with Curiosity team members Bobak Ferdowsi SM ’03 and Steven Sell, a former member forex growth bot review Space Systems Laboratory. Speaking to a packed lecture hall in MIT’s Media Lab, the team members recounted their paths from MIT to the Mars mission, and their rollercoaster of emotions leading up to the rover’s “landing day.” ‘I don’t think any of us knew how big this would be’Sell, who oversaw the deployment of Curiosity’s sky crane, recalled running through a mental checklist in the tense moments before the landing was confirmed.
“You start scrolling

through every analysis you did, and thinking, ‘Did I carry the two?’” Sell said. In fact, in the hours prior to the rover’s landing, there wasn’t much for NASA engineers to do but wait. For 10 years, thousands of people worked to design, build and test the rover, its landing equipment, and its intricate suite of scientific instruments. Last November, the team armed the rover with its tools and commands, and launched it to Mars, an experience Ferdowsi likened to “sending your kid off to college.” The hours leading up to Curiosity’s landing were, as Sell remembers, a time when “activities shut down, and we were mostly listening. It was the first time we could breathe.” It was during this period when members in the control room started getting texts from family and friends who were watching NASA’s live feed of the landing.
Ferdowsi remembers receiving images of crowds watching in New York’s Times Square. “I don’t think any of us knew how big this would be,” said Ferdowsi, who has since attracted widespread attention for his unique style: on landing day, a Mohawk dyed red, white and blue. While the hours before the landing were relatively quiet, the last seven minutes — the time it took for the rover to descend from the top of the Martian atmosphere to the planet’s surface — was a hair-raising experience. The 14-minute lag in getting signals from the rover to Earth meant that the craft would sit

on Mars, successfully or not, for an agonizing period before the scientists would know its fate.
The team had developed a simulation testbed to gauge the rover’s trajectory, and the engineers ran the simulation just ahead of the actual rover, in an attempt to predict a successful landing.
In the one fluke of the night, the simulation delivered heart-stopping news: “Someone said that the testbed failed, and that we slammed into Mars,” Ferdowsi recalled. Chen, who was monitoring the rover’s signals, confirmed otherwise, declaring a successful touchdown at 1:32 a.m. EDT — an announcement that set off whoops and cheers from the control room at NASA’s Jet Propulsion

Laboratory (JPL). Remembering the moment, Chen joked, “Sometimes people say JPL stands for ‘Just Plain Lucky.’”From MIT to MarsLuck may have had a part in the landing, but Chen also credits his experience at MIT — particularly his years as an AeroAstro undergraduate. Like today’s AeroAstro students, Chen went through the department’s “Conceive, Design, Implement, Operate” program, a hands-on learning experience in which students take a project from an idea to a working prototype, learning to adapt and adjust a design to make it work.
“We basically did the same at JPL,” Chen said, noting that when he first arrived there after graduating from MIT, Curiosity was in the

very initial stages of design. “It had two arms, and no sky crane, and looked very different,” Chen said. In refining a design, he said, “you wandered the wilderness a lot.”
For students who may be considering a career in aerospace, and future Mars missions in particular, Sell has one piece of advice: “Keep in touch with your colleagues. Aerospace is a small world.” Ferdowsi’s experience bolsters Sell’s advice. After graduation, he learned of a fellow MIT student who accepted a job at JPL. Shortly before leaving, the friend submitted Ferdowsi’s resume for review.
JPL offered Ferdowsi a job, and put him to work on the then-fledgling Mars mission. “You did whatever needed doing,” Ferdowsi said. Opportunities

for Mars-related work may crop up in the near future, as Chen is just starting a new JPL project, drawing up a concept for a next-generation Mars rover. “I just got back on the merry-go-round again,” he said. Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a technology that will allow a metal alloy to be used in 3-D printers and could lead to flexible gadgets.    
There used to be a big push by lenders to secure "customers for life."
Not only did banks promote attractive mortgage programs, but they also targeted the same customers

for checking and savings accounts, individual retirement accounts, credit cards, auto loans, wealth management advice and insur... There’s been much discussion this week on Well about weight in the doctor’s office.
As usual, our readers had a lot to say.    
Blankies and lovies — transitional objects — serve a crucial purpose, easing stress as children, even young adults, come into their own.
The Federal Aviation Administration gave Southwest Airlines the green light to continue flying

about 50 commercial jets, or 10 percent of its fleet, allowing the carrier more time to remove unauthorized parts from its planes. “When Stravinsky Met Nijinsky,” written and illustrated by Lauren Stringer, reveals the reasons why a ballet caused such a fuss. Although the main purpose of the District's new teacher

evaluation system is to rate teachers' effectiveness, officials are beginning to use the fresh troves of data it generates for other purposes, such as assessing administrators and determining which universities produce the best- or least-pre... The defense minister said the military would act decisively to prevent violence during protests against President Morsi next

# by softstorer on on 2013-Nov-28

TIJUANA, MEXICO - To embattled authorities here, where heavily armed soldiers patrol the streets and more than 500 people have been killed this year, marijuana is a poisonous weed that enriches death-dealing cartel bosses who earn huge profits smuggling the product north.
After they re-signed defenseman Ryan McDonagh, the Rangers will now try to negotiate with forwards Derek Stepan and Carl Hagelin.    It may seem a strange contradiction, but we’re seeing evidence that leaping out of the water leads to humpback whales’ increased ability to remain submerged.    

The Open Concept envisions what the Toyota GT-86 or Scion FR-S might look like as a

Pressure on Merkel; new star of Iraqi politics; JP Morgan Chase under scrutiny;

and Robert Diamond after the Libor scandal. The Kansas City Chiefs have a new anchor for their offensive line.     #fivemin-widget-blogsmith-image-339844display:none; .cke_show_borders
#fivemin-widget-blogsmith-image-339844, #postcontentcontainer #fivemin-widget-blogsmith-image-339844width:580px;height:416px;display:block; Jared Cohen, director of Google Ideas and co-author of The New Digital Age, went online to answer your questionsThe live Q&A is now over. Read Jared's answers belowJared Cohen used to work at the US state department, where he was the official who sent an email to Twitter asking it to keep its service online while protests over the result of the 2009 Iranian

election were breaking out.
In his time there, he worked for both Condoleezza Rice and Hillary Clinton – one of the few people kept on during the change from Republican to Democrat control in 2008.In
September 2010 he left the state department and a month later joined Google, where he is the director of Google Ideas, the company's own thinktank. As part of

that role, he visited North Korea with Eric Schmidt, Google's executive chairman, earlier this year.Now he and Schmidt have written a book, The New Digital Age: Reshaping the Future of People, Nations and Businesses, which looks at how technologies are changing the

way we live and the way we are ruled.
Are you ready for a time with no alarm clock (instead, the scent of brewing coffee), automatically opening curtains, and a back massage by 2033? Or, alternatively, do you agree with their statement that "the impact of this data revolution will be to strip citizens of much of their control over their personal information in virtual space, and that will have significant consequences in the physical world"?Or how about the problem some point to – as the book acknowledges – that "You

cannot storm an interior ministry by mobile phone." If people want change, they aren't going to effect it by text message.And what about the disruptive effects of many

people – or just a few people – getting access to the internet, and instant updates about what's happening? The effects of technology don't have to be positive; technology is neutral, and can be used for good or bad ends, and can have unintended consequences of great severity as well.You
asked, Jared answeredleehazelwood asked: You wrote in November 2010 that: "Governments will be caught off-guard when large numbers of their citizens, armed with virtually nothing but cellphones, take part in mini-rebellions that challenge their authority.
" After the Arab spring and Syria, how else do you think technology will transform political change?Jared Cohen responded:The lesson learned from the Arab spring is that in the future revolutions will be easier to start, but they will be harder to finish. The accelerated pace of movement making will create flash in a pan leaders, get lots of people into the streets, and even lead to more dictators being toppled.
But when a dictator falls and the dust settles, technology can't replace the need for real leaders and functioning institutions, both of which take many years to emerge and evolve.Knowles2 asked:Do you think the actions of Google and Twitter in working around governments internet control have increase the risk that

we will see the balkanisation of the internet?Would you support aiding citizens access to the internet, twitter and other social, if those groups were working against American or Western interests?In the book you talk about automated curtains opening, do you use any of the current home automation kits that are around, such as robotic

lawn mowers/hoovers, Nest Thermostats in your home?Jared Cohen responded:Most of the automated gadgets we discuss are technologically possible today and some even exist in peoples' homes. Our argument is that in the future, all of this gets more accessible and cheaper.
While not everyone will have what we describe in the book, people all around the world will get a taste of what automation can do to improve efficiencyhrwaldram asked: Hi Jared, thanks for taking part in this Q&A.
I read an

extract from the book in Guardian weekend and the picture

of the digital future projected is rather like an utopian image of self-service and gadgets to enhance daily tasks for those who can afford it rather than solve larger scale societal problems. However the image is quite similar to Jaron Lanier's dystopian projection where he discusses similar themes about the loss of control over one's personal data and privacy.
Do you think there's any possibility that a free internet and freely distributed information won't lead to a technology-controlled state (utopia or dystopia depending on how you look at it) where we are poorer physically but rich in technology? How

do you square up your vision for the future with worries about the consequences of what you describe - what kind of consequences do you think these will be?Jared Cohen responded:There is

no country in the world that is worse off because of the arrival of the internet.
Add 5 billion people to the online world and this only becomes more true.
Technology helps address a lot of problems, but it is not a panacea. In the world's autocracies, which we write about extensively, there will continue to be a cat and mouse game that plays out between connected citizens and connected regimes.BoLiting asked:At the moment, Google Ideas seems to be very focused on collaborating with the state on issues such as illicit network tracking. Given your focus on things previously only combatted by the state, what role do you think other corporations, particularly corporations with a heavy internet presence, will occupy in the future? Is the role of the state being co-opted by corporate power?Jared Cohen responded:Google Ideas works with governments, NGOs, academics, local experts, and other companies.
With 5 billion new people coming online, every challenge in the world is relevant to the tech sector. And there are many challenges -- particularly those that relate to conflict, instability, and repression -- that don't fall perfectly in pre-existing boxes of core business, philanthropy, or public policy. That is why we created Google Ideas, to address these challenges that will confront our future users.
You can learn more at google.com/ideasrevrob asked:With regard to the EU ePrivacy Directive (implemented in UK law by Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 as amended

May 2011 by the Monetary Penalty Regulations), how do Google in Europe go about obtaining the prior explicit informed consent of both the sender AND recipient of an email, before you intercept the email in transmission, scan the content, and use the results for delivering targeted advertising as part of the gmail service?

I receive lots of

emails from gmail users, and no one has EVER sought my consent to the content being scanned for purely commercial advertising purposes by Google. Thanks.Jared Cohen responded:I won't speak for Google specifically, but in our book we talk about the future of privacy and security in depth. When we set out to write The New Digital Age, we wanted to look at the issue of privacy and security everywhere, including places like Saudi Arabia, China, Venezuela, etc. In doing so, it led us to a few specific conclusions about this important issue:1) Privacy and security are the ultimate shared responsibility and everyone, including governments, companies, and citizens have an important role to play2) The importance of human judgment does not evaporate in the future and as connected individuals, we will have to exercise sound judgment about what we choose to share or not share about ourselves3) Like all things, addressing privacy and security is also relevant to the

future of education. Think about how early and fast young kids are coming online. Whether you are a parent in London or a parent in Islamabad, talking to your children early about the importance of online privacy and security will be one of the most important actions one can take.
We write in the book that in many societies, parents will talk to their kids about these issues years before they talk to them about the birds and the bees.jasper13
asked:Rates of murder and violent crime have fallen more rapidly in the UK in the past decade than many other countries in western Europe, researchers say.
The UK Peace Index, from the Institute for Economics and Peace, found UK homicides per 100,000 people had fallen from 1.99 in 2003, to one in 2012. What role has the internet, and possibly the gaming industry, had to play in these statistics?Jared Cohen responded:Very interesting question and interesting observation. I can't speak to the specific

crime trends in Europe because I am not an expert.
But I have thought about this in other contexts.
For people involved in pre-meditated crimes, whether it is terrorism or robbery or something else, their use of technology means that they leave a digital trail and the room for error goes up dramatically.
In the future it will be easier for violent people to make mistakes and get caught before they commit their crimes.Sahshank asked:Do you think - we can really reach to singularity where a chip can be inserted in human to manage/process memory and communicate to others ie replace smartphone, smart watch, Google Glass, smart health monitoring devices, iTablets, remote controls to one single chip inside body?Jared Cohen responded:It is difficult to predict technology more than 10 years out with any certitude, but what I observe is that

change and innovation happens earlier and faster than we expect. We are constantly surprised at what

technology can do. That being said, there is a limit to how much of our lives will be taken over by computers.
In the future, human beings and computers will split duties according to what they are both good at (eg computers for needle in a haystack problems and humans for judgment)ghostinthemachine asked:Do you think its a strange co-incidence that the

internet is now controlled by American monopolies like Google (search), Paypal/Visa/MasterCard (payments), Facebook (social media), in a free market monopolies are a bad thing, do you believe in a free market ?Jared Cohen responded:I don't accept the premise of your question.
What I will say is that 57 percent of the world's population lives under autocratic regimes and most of the world's technological infrastructure has not yet been built. For the vast majority of states

who are coming online, they will have two options: open or closed.
Yes, there are only so many countries in the world who have companies that build the infrastructure, but ultimately we should all want a single Internet that is not balkanized, not restricted, and open to everyone.modelportfolio2003 asked:1. Do you believe the Chinese Communist Party is truly capable of embracing change in how much information its citizens are permitted and if not, what is the best way its citizens can change the type of emasculating censorship that

stifles free thought and appears to create a state that conducts malicious cyber-spying both inside and outside China?2.
I consider wearable computers to be the next big thing, whether they work in conjunction with the smartphone in your pocket or as a free standing device.
We know that Google Glass alpha/beta product performs today many of the functions that can be done on your smartphone but in a heads-up display: voice activated activities such as directions/maps, video, photo, scrolling messages or search pages, etc. Where do you believe the best use cases will be for Glass and what do you hope developers will create in the next say 12 months prior to a wider consumer launch?Jared Cohen responded:The big challenge that China will have is the following: 600 million people in China are connected to the Internet.
700 million Chinese will connect in the next decade and they are mostly rural, ethnically and religiously diverse, and impoverished.
This massive wave of virtual urbanization will create unprecedented tensions in the Chinese system that will challenge the government's current censorship tactics. 700 million new internet users in China means 700 million new voices, new opinions, new witnesses to take photos of corruption and human rights violations. Rural China has never before in history had this kind of capability placed into the hands of its people.Teresa
Lau asked:Why 2033? Will it really take that long? In 10 years or even 5 years, alot can be changed?How do you think this time scale will change from country to country?Jared Cohen responded:We chose to look at the one decade horizon in part because we felt that 10 years is just about as far as one can predict what will technologically happen with any degree of real accuracy.
So if we were drawing conclusions about technology's impact on geopolitics, we wanted to stay within the margin of error for what that technology would look like.siforcat asked:Is it true that if you type Google into Google you can break the internet?Jared Cohen responded:No, it is not.Igstar asked:What is the most bonkers idea anyone has suggested?Jared Cohen responded:I've learned to accept that

no idea is too bonkers, but I think an elevator to space is pretty ambitious!undersinged asked:The very internet-savvy government of Estonia has created a model of online government

in which a individuals' personal data belongs very much to themselves, and business and government agencies have to obtain permission to obtain access to subsets of that data.
It puts the citizen in control, while allowing the efficiencies of connected data.
It seems to work very well.
If it catches on in other countries, what will this do to the forecast that "the impact of this data revolution will be to strip citizens of much of their control over their personal information in virtual space, and that will have significant consequences in the physical world"?Jared Cohen responded:Estonia is an extraordinary case study for how the notion of power will change in the future. Sweden, as well. In the future, there will be states like Estonia and Sweden who have small militaries, tiny populations, smaller economies, and no seat on the UN Security Council. So by all accounts they are not major powers in the physical world, although they are important members of the International system. But in cyberspace, they will punch way above their eight as cyberpowers.DJKM
asked:In the Magic Faraway Tree (published in 1943), Moon-face (I think, perhaps it was the Saucepan Man) gave the children something called "google buns". A coincidence?Jared Cohen responded:A funny coincidence and a great find.
Given this was written in 1943, maybe you could tell me what "google buns" are?FerventPixel

asked:How do you see the future in forex growth bot personal data - it's collection, use, and who should control and regulate this on behalf of internet users?Jared Cohen responded:There are some nuanced differences between how European and the US government think about certain kinds of data, such as biometric. In Europe it is more regulated. But there is a bigger question here.
The majority of the world's countries are described by Freedom House as autocratic. As their populations come

online, it is unlikely that the citizens will find much protection from their governments. This means we have to fight hard to help safeguard their privacy and security.GoogleInternetDigital
mediaTechnology sectorUnited StatesCharles Arthurguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
All rights reserved.
| Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds     Mounted on a platform inside a tent at 10th and K streets NW, the Dragon 9 capsule looked awfully good for a piece of equipment that launched into orbit, circled the Earth and then splashed down into the Pacific.
Supreme Court justices Tuesday seemed inclined to give Carol Anne Bond the chance to challenge the federal law under which she was prosecuted for trying to poison her husband's lover: a chemical weapons ban.
Two bombings at a funeral tent for a Shiite family killed at least 24 people and wounded another 49, Iraqi officials said. Bucks readers tell us about their experiences choosing a college and how they dealt with the issue of financial aid. Prime Minister David Cameron announced on Thursday that he would pursue his own proposal for a system of self-regulation after months of inquiries into a phone-hacking

scandal. Francis’ march to the papacy began with the meetings of cardinals that occurred before the conclave. His remarks struck a chord, but he held on to a low profile.
To create a UAV capable of flying like birds, Tedrake’s research group first designed a special aircraft that could handle high-speed flight.
With the help of Professor Mark Drela, of MIT’s Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, the group built an aircraft outfitted with fiberglass-plated foam wings that remove the need for ailerons, flight control surfaces typically used for roll control on aircraft, and instead actuate the entire wing, allowing for maximum maneuverability. The center of the plane is made of rubber so that the plane can withstand collisions. The vehicle

has a wingspan of 28 inches and with all of the onboard instrumentation, including high-speed stereo cameras, it currently weighs in at 573 grams (1.26 pounds).“The plane is like a three-dimensional, high-tech, jigsaw puzzle that contains almost no glue.
It consists of over 30 independent pieces, many of which slide or snap together," says Tim Jenks, a senior in mechanical engineering who is working in Tedrake’s research group. "Many of these pieces are laser-cut designs that could easily be produced in large quantities."At present, the plane is operated using a motion-capture system similar to those used

in Hollywood, but in the future researchers are planning to implement a vision system for guiding and controlling the aircraft.Controlling

aircraft that is performing such dexterous movements at high speeds is difficult due to the complexity and unpredictability of airflow at high angles

of attack, such as when performing a knife-edge turn. Before flight, computer models allow the researchers to plan a trajectory through the obstacles.
Then, thanks to a time-varying linear quadratic control system, the plane can be accurately guided through knife-edge maneuvers. During flight, a remote computer computes the trajectory of the aircraft and sends the results wirelessly to the plane, where onboard computers send electrical signals to the motors, which activate the aircraft’s wings.The team decided to test its work with a knife-edge demonstration because the maneuver forced them to solve a tricky control problem.“We picked the knife-edge experiment because it forces us to solve all the right problems,” Barry says.
“It’s a challenge and control problem, as the aircraft has to be able to fly accurately and really quickly.
Also, it’s tricky to get the aircraft to roll accurately because the air flow isn’t necessarily smooth.”“The challenge for the knife-edge task was to generate trajectories for the plane that pushed the hardware to the boundary of what it is capable of while still being able to follow the trajectory consistently and safely,” says Anirudha Majumdar, a graduate student in Tedrake’s group.
“I see the task in the video as a small step toward the broader task that we've set ourselves of flying through cluttered environments like forests. The approach would be to have a large ‘library’ of trajectories similar to the one in the video that the plane can choose from as its sensors provide more information about the trees/obstacles in front of it.”Ultimately, the goal of Tedrake’s work is to gain a better understanding for control theory, and how to operate machines under complex and varying conditions such as aerodynamic disturbances. Working on a project like developing an aircraft that can fly like a bird and perform knife-edge turns allows Tedrake and his team

to test the effectiveness of their control systems with pretty clear results.“[This project] forces us to ask the right question for the right reasons,” Tedrake says. “Having hardware like this keeps us honest in evaluating our work to better understand control theory.” In aid of Comic Relief, the first 25 people to sponsor this blog chose a subject that would be covered in it. This blog is the result of combining those 25 random subjects in a seriously scientific way[Earlier this week, I asked for 25 different subjects that I would combine into one surreal science blog in aid of Comic Relief.
This is that blog. As well as the sponsorship money, all revenue generated by traffic that I receive this month goes to Comic Relief. Enjoy/endure]They say those who forget history are condemned to repeat it. When

I first heard that phrase thought my teacher was referring to the history exams. If I forgot about those I'd have to repeat them, that much was obvious.
So I didn't get why he was saying this as some sort of profound revelation.I
understand now though that it's a more wide-sweeping observation about failing to learn from the past.
I'm starting to think it may be a valid point.Take the Egyptian pharaoh Akhenaten.
A pharaoh during the 1300s B.C.
He is mostly known among Egyptologists for attempts to convert Egyptian culture from worshipping many gods (polytheism) to worshipping the one, Aten (monotheism). He is also believed by many to have ruled in a co-regency with his father.So basically, Akhenaten became ruler because he was born to a privileged background, was part of what was essentially a coalition government and used his position to enforce a form of austerity on the population motivated largely by ideological concerns.
Sound familiar?Akhenaten was also largely forgotten by history after he died, society went back to how it was before his meddling and later rulers called him 'the enemy'. So that's something to look forward to.The
belief that history repeats itself is almost entirely contrary to Hume's problem with inductive reasoning. Hume argued that you technically cannot infer something will definitely happen from a limited set of observations.
Your neighbour may leave for work at 8am every morning, but you cannot say "my neighbour will leave for work at 8am tomorrow" and actually "know" this is the case in the classical sense.
Just because something has happened before, there's no guarantee that it will happen again in the same way.
This does

somewhat undermine the whole concept of scientific research, which is unnerving. Also, Hume would probably not have been able to sit quietly when watching The Matrix.But science isn't the sort to accept it when philosophy undermines it. Hume's argument falls apart somewhat if the Many World's Theory is taken into account.
Derived from models of quantum physics/mechanics, the Many Worlds Theory claims every event on any scale that could result in different outcomes actually causes the universe to split into different universes where each possible outcome does occur. So if it's possible, it does technically happen. Screw you, Hume and your single-universe bias!It's profound. Potentially each roll of the dice creates six separate universes.
And in each one, the Monopoly game still ends in a blazing row.
Sci-fi dabbles in parallel universes a lot. But we don't know if it's true, and if it is, we have no

idea how to cross between universes. The barrier that separates universes is never really acknowledged, but undoubtedly it's very interesting, like the tight junctions between polarized epithelial cells.
Epithelial cells themselves form a barrier between cell masses and spaces, and the barriers between them provided by tight junctions must be doing double duty. They're like "metabarriers" or something. They might be easily ignored, but they're crucial, they allow all the important functions of epithelial cells to occur, like forcing critical ions to travel through the cells, rather than around them.
Tight junctions exist thanks to big molecules though, and big molecules are boring. They shouldn't be. Many are essential for life, and these tend to form in space. SPACE!Polycyclic aromatic

hydrocarbons can be found in abundance in space, usually in nebulae.
They're quite complex long chain molecules that are critical for sustaining all known forms of life.
Some even believe these space molecules lead to life on Earth. If it happened here, there's nothing to say that it wouldn't happen elsewhere.
Should we start discovering signs of life out in the universe, the field of Astrobiology is going to really take off (possibly literally). Astrobiology is the study of life elsewhere in the universe.
They don't dissect stars or anything, mores the pity. It's been a purely theoretical field so far, but if life is discovered elsewhere, maybe the Astrobiologists will be the ones who get all the science groupies. That would be nice, it would give us neuroscientists a break.
Ironically, these molecules that may have caused humankind to exist are largely toxic to modern humans. It's almost as

if, having created us, the molecules now think we should be destroyed, like their Frankenstein's monster. That's a bit much, being considered vermin by

a benzene ring.But evolution is often weird like that.
Important stuff ends up becoming antagonistic. Take teeth. Human teeth have evolved in such a varied way to facilitate our omnivorous diet. But human teeth have shrunk over the centuries to leave room for our big skulls and the like, meaning we end up with wisdom teeth, which show up late and

just cause hassle. No matter how important they are, when teeth go wrong they cause no end of grief.But
as surprisingly weird as our teeth can be, nature has produced some dental arrangements that could put the Saw franchise to shame in terms of flesh-rending creativity. The best example of this is probably Helicoprion, a long-extinct prehistoric shark (sort of) with a lower jaw that was essentially a toothy chainsaw.
It's lower "jaw" was a spiral of teeth that could have been extended and withdrawn, giving it a buzz saw effect.
It was like a party whistle, except instead of colourful paper and a vaguely annoying noise, it provided horrifically aquatic mutilation, which would ruin any child's birthday party.If
it's a weird evolutionary quirk, odds are a fish has done it at some point.
They are seeming masters at quick and diverse occupation of all manner of niches.
This is well demonstrated by East African Haplochromine Cichlid fish, an excellent example of explosive adaptation as they have developed into a very diverse type of fish occupying numerous niches in the East African great lakes in a relatively short period of time. They provide many good example of sexual dimorphism and also demonstrate things like mouthbrooding; something which no human is capable of and anyone who tries to disprove this should be arrested.But
even fish we'd think of as 'normal' can do weird things.
Herring may seem nondescript but they exhibit some weird behaviour too. Herring communicate by farting. Herring have good hearing, and this may be so they can hear the squeaky flatulence produced by others at night, and thus remain in a shoal for safety. The fact that they use fart sounds to maintain safety really does give a whole new spin to the phrase "silent but deadly". Other weird senses have developed in fish, but not exclusively.
Birds, like salmon and turtles, have the apparent ability to see the Earth's magnetic field, which helps with navigation. One mechanism for how they do this is that they have a special type of crypotochrome in their eye which produces magnetically-sensitive free-radical pairs when activated by certain wavelengths of light. I used to work next to a building with an MRI scanner in it, and it was always covered with birds. No wonder, it must have looked like Las Vegas to them.Another driver of evolutionary diversity is sexual selection.
In animals as in humans, the desire to obtain a sexual partner often leads to ridiculous outcomes.
Take the antlers of a moose. How ridiculous do they look? How much effort must it take to grow those things, and then keep your head up when you've done that? The antlers exist purely to aid moose mating habits. During mating season, a bull will find a mate and use his antlers to deter any rivals, or use the antlers as weapons in combat if a love rival is not deterred by antler size alone. Once mating is complete, the antlers just fall off, their role

Given that they're solitary, moody creatures that wield needlessly ornate weapons, I'm wondering if Klingons evolved from a moose-type creature.(N.B. "moose" is both the singular and plural term. This might be because moose are solitary creatures, you rarely see more than

one so a separate plural hasn't proliferated. The same thing may have happened with "sheep", but for the opposite reason as you never see a lone sheep)Sexual prowess is a powerful evolutionary factor. Some animals take it too far though, like the

unremittingly sexy Koala. You can just feel the charisma pouring out of the screen in that last link.
Koala's think about sex so often their brains are shrinking from atrophy. They are so sexy that they have double the sexual organs that more prudish mammals have.
They're even in danger of being wiped out by an STI, that's how bad they are. Although in fairness, it's probably very hard to get a prophylactic that fits a bifurcated penis.These are all things that evolution seems to have thrown up in the natural world.
But when you add the human element, things get even more messy.Evolution has given humans consciousness. Or has it? The nature of consciousness is often more of a philosophical question, than a scientific one. I've seen arguments that consciousness is the result of complex process, not necessarily dependant on the brain, suggesting you could have a consciousness based on the interactions of biscuits in a barrel if it was complex enough, like some sort of bizarre Turing machine. In many ways it's weird to try tinnitus miracle about consciousness. It's a bit like drawing a pencil using a pencil; the information is all there, it gets done, but no understanding occurs between the tool and the outcome.
Consciousness is one of those

things we tend to just take for granted because there's not really much alternative.
It does get even more confusing when consciousness starts to go a bit wrong though, like when someone develops schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is another thing that is a lot harder to pin down than the

general use of the term suggests.
Despite differing diagnostic approaches, the general consensus is that schizophrenia is when an individual starts having delusions and hallucinations that they cannot separate from reality (it is NOT multiple personality disorder, that's something else). There may be a physical underpinning of this if the dopamine hypothesis turns out to be the responsible mechanism,

which might help matters.But human intellect and cognition adds a whole other host of variables to the processes of natural selection.
People often refer to it as "survival of the fittest",

but even that is debatable.
Take Bruce Lee, he was arguably one of the fittest, most physically capable human beings on the planet. He won so many physical fights and was an unarmed combat master. But he died at age 32, from a bad painkiller reaction, epilepsy, or something else relatively innocuous.
Human society seems to throw things at us that physical fitness alone won't be enough to deal with. Many humans try to embrace this while removing the danger, glorifying physical prowess while removing the physical threat.
A good example of this is WWE wrestling, where clearly very physically capable athletes do impressive physical things in an attempt to look like their fighting without actually doing that, swapping performance and theatrics for the entertainment provided by less-scripted physical combat. This may seem like a uniquely human creation, but even this must bow to selective pressures.
The WWE used to be the WWF, until the World Wildlife Fund made them change.
It's weird that the WWF, an organisation dedicated to conservation, threatened the existence of the WWE. Ironic, in a way.This goes to show how the things humans create are subject to pressures of their own, and need to adapt. The JML Point and Paint decorating system shows this.
It exists based on a totally artificial construct (human homes that need to be painted according to societal norms) and came into existence to occupy a

niche that humans had yet to fill (painting is a lot of hassle). It's not all good though. Human invention can fill niches and spaces that, at best, really should be best left alone, exploiting the negative, base elements of human culture. Things like Heat magazine, which is something that exists purely to exploit the bile, resentment and just plain evil that exists in modern humans. It's function appears to be to glorify celebrities, pointing out to readers that these individuals are superior and should be aspired to, and also gleefully pointing out their flaws and failings, to show that even they are little more than mere scum.
This bizarre duality serves to just make everyone feel bad about everything.
(Disclaimer: I'm only assuming the above is true, as I've never read

Heat)But humans have a bizarre tendency to attack others based on the flimsiest of reasons.
We're very

social creatures, and a lot of our sense of self-worth from being a member of a group (or culture, or society etc.) As a result, we seem to be very wary of those who aren't members of our group, leading to things like discrimination and prejudice. This is most starkly evident with the victimisation of minorities, where members of different group are attacked with the knowledge that they lack the numbers to do anything about it.
This happens to all manner of minorities, like recently with trans people.
There are many possible explanations for

this sort of behaviour (scapegoating, social learning), but it's never acceptable.But human society and invention doesn't affect just humans, it also affects other animals, which also have to learn to adapt and endure in these newly-created hostile environments.
Take an animal that has a long history with humans, the domestic dog, and let's take a well known example of a hostile human environment, in this case Albert Square from the soap opera Eastenders, which is a dangerous place.There
have been several dogs of note that were able to survive in Albert square, such as Wellard (Belgian Shepherd dog), Betty (Cairn terrier), Terrence (Lhasa Apso), Willy (Pug) and more.
It could be possible to determine which of these dogs, if any, was the best suited to survive there, but it would be difficult to rule out subjective measurements.
For example, a dog with properties that allows it to be accepted by multiple owners would be beneficial for the chaotic environment of Albert Square, so Wellard, living with 4

separate owners during his time there, would be considered the best dog using this criterion. However, would it be not more advantageous to adopt a behaviour and quality that means one owner is more keen to keep you and

avoid dangerous situations as a result, suggesting that Willy the pug (one owner for 7 years) is possibly the best dog. Then again, Chips the Basset hound ran away as soon as someone left the gate open, suggesting his survival instinct is the most highly developed.If there's one thing dogs like, it's sticks. They love chasing sticks. But if you have a best dog, it could also be said that you should have a best stick with which to entertain it with.

Sticks are typically made of wood, and there is a lot of variation in wood. Would a stick of bamboo be best? Its hollow tubular structure would make it good for throwing and wielding as a weapon, but does its rigid nature means it could more often shatter on impact with a hard surface? A stick of cork would be light and safe, but so porous and spongy

as to be hard to hurl, and no use for defence at all.
The mechanical properties of the woods could be tabulated and cross compared to see if there is a 'best stick'.If you tabulate both the best dogs and the best sticks and give them ranks,

it may be possible to see if there's any connection

between them using Spearman's Rho, a statistical technique used to determine if there's a linear relationship between two variables that have undergone rank randomisation. If there is a connection between the best dog (in Albert square) and the best stick, it would suggest

that in even the most artificial of human environments, selection pressures and evolution are still working to shape our world. Maybe I'm giving human invention too much credit. Maybe it's more limited than I've previously suggested. Maybe some human inventiveness ends up in cul-de-sacs, much like evolution can sometimes do. Tom Lehrer was a maths wiz who was also a gifted and celebrated writer of satirical songs which are still being sung today, but eventually he just

got bored with it, and stopped.

invention isn't the be-all and end all in itself for everyone.Maybe at some point we'll find a sustainable harmony where the natural world and human needs and invention can coexist without competing. We could obtain the energy we need from nature reserves, via turbines if they have waterfalls, solar power if there's room, and even hydrogen from algae if that's an option.
We may not even need a sustainable equilibrium, as long as we keep trying to achieve one.
Natural processes and human endeavour; these things are only going to get more important as we progress.
They've apparently just found water on Mars. They've not found methane yet, but they still might do. And if they find both water and methane on Mars, you know what that means...Farting
space herring! It's the only explanation.Dean Burnett may never speak in coherent sentences again after writing this. His fragmented mind can be observed via Twitter, @garwboyACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:@alisonatkin, who wanted to hear about the mating habits of the moose. Filth!Kim Kendall, who wanted to include schizophrenia, which she's interested in. Or suffers from (I forget)Rob Simpson, who often discusses the magnetic vision of birds on his podcast with Chris Lintott, Recycled ElectronsThe generous anonymous donor who wanted to include the victimisation of minorities, either because they didn't understand the intent of this post or they have a dark sense of humourKate Paice, who is a fan of saw-toothed HelicoprionChris Limb, who was hoping I could elaborate on the nature of consciousness (foolishly) Martine O'Callahan who wanted to hear about Bruce LeeKate Shaw, who insisted on including Heat magazine, and so made the world a worse place all roundHelen Lynn, for her childish enthusiasm for farting herringDomino, for a weirdly specific interest in East African haplochromine cichlid fishEljay, for a love of AstrobiologyStu, Anna and Riley for suggesting the JML Point and Paint decorating system (they don't work for the company, I'm told)Gia Millinovich, continuing her interest in high-profile influential men by suggesting Pharaoh AkhenatenAlice Sheppard, who is forever going on about polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in space so decided I should too.Emma McDonald for Spearman's Rho, which she shall suffer forDan Mitchell, who wanted to know what the best stick was.
I'll publish the data when I get itSimon Feeley, who wanted to hear about the

best dog in Eastenders.
He was my best man.

Twice. Never againLewis Bowman, for requesting the life of Tom Lehrer. I assume he meant it as a subjectAnother anonymous donor wanted the many worlds theory. In another dimension, it was done

properly no doubt@randomdoorbell for wondering about energy

from nature reservesDr Allen Alan for his assertion that Koalas are unremittingly sexyMark Lorch who wanted to hear about Hume's problem with inductive reasoning.
Happy now, Mark?@LizzyBenedikz who wanted to hear about tight junctions between polarized epithelial cells. As you doLin2i, who wanted to hear about teeth. I'm assuming she has her own, but you never knowDaN McKee, for requesting WWE wrestling.
Possibly a first for the science sectionComic ReliefPsychologySpaceHistory of sciencePhilosophyEastEndersDogsDentistryEvolutionMedicineDean Burnettguardian.co.uk
© 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
All rights reserved.
| Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds For the first time in years, Matt Allen at Chambers Bay isn't explaining to golfers why a temporary green is being used or why a path is blocked off for construction equipment.     As Bob Stoops prepares to lead Oklahoma onto the practice field this spring, the new faces in prominent roles are plentiful. • Somerset 320; Australia 266-4• Shane Watson hits 90 after opening for touring side The Australians have lost some high-profile leaders recently, but the one that really matters, their cricket captain, is still alive and kicking. On yet another banana skin-free day for the tourists Michael Clarke batted for almost two hours. More often than not he hit the ball with the middle of his bat; he stroked seven silky boundaries, he scampered in between the wickets and he ducked the odd bouncer without any obvious twinge.Unless there is another lumbar rebellion Clarke is on course for the first Test at Trent Bridge and the Australians are starting to look like a coherent cricket team, though not yet too reminiscent of the 1948 Invincibles. In his first knock since March Australia's best batsman looked in fine fettle. An off drive against Jamie Overton was majestic and soon Clarke lofted the spinner, George Dockrell, back over his head as if he had never been away.
Not since Sir Donald Bradman has an Australian cricketer overshadowed the other batsmen in his team so completely.Then, to general surprise, Clarke was dismissed for 45 by Craig Meschede, who delivered a beauty that only a good player would have edged.
Meschede, 21 and with lots to learn, looks innocuous enough but he seems to specialise in dismissing galactic batsmen. Two years ago his maiden first-class wicket was Sachin Tendulkar; last week he dispatched Shivnarine Chanderpaul at Derby and Clarke (and Usman Khawaja, but he does


yet qualify for the top tier).The
other plus for the tourists was the innings of Shane Watson, who hit 90 from 94 balls and at one stage was on course for a hundred before lunch.
Watson often looks invincible but then infuriates.
At Taunton he hit the ball with massive authority. He rocked on to the front foot and drove through the covers and midwicket with easy power – there were 20 boundaries in his innings so it was a marvel of energy conservation. He was particularly severe on the mighty Meschede.
It all looked incredibly easy for him until just before lunch, when his leading edge gave a catch to cover off Overton, whose figures disguised his promise.Watson is comfortable at the top of the order, where he poses a more obvious threat, so here is another thing sorted for the tourists. Watson only knew of this plan after the sudden appointment of Darren Lehmann and he likes it. "It's nice to

have the backing of the coach", he said."Opening is something I love and very exciting. I've worked with Darren before and I know how he operates.
He doesn't beat about the bush". Watson may well be happier in the new regime.The expectation is that he will be accompanied in the Test by Ed Cowan, who had a less happy day.
He was given out caught behind in Gemaal Hussain's first over and was clearly nonplussed by the decision. He loitered and for a moment it looked as if he was keen to open a debate with the umpire about this turn of events – an idiosyncratic departure after one of several idiosyncratic decisions in this match.Nor
was Khawaja very convincing before

edging Meschede to first slip.
However, Phillip Hughes remained unbeaten until the rain swept

in from the Quantocks at tea time.
He had

some luck. On 12 he had a huge hack at Dockrell and might have been bowled or stumped but was neither. Thereafter he was more discreet. Brad Haddin was altogether more assured and not the first visitor to Taunton to relish the short boundary at the Old Pavilion End.Australia cricket teamMichael ClarkeAshes 2013The

AshesCricketAustralia sportSomersetVic Marksguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds     McDonald’s held a runway show at a SoHo event space to promote its holiday gift cards as fashion accessories. The Vatican on Friday strongly denied accusations by some critics in Argentina that Pope Francis stayed silent during systematic human rights abuses by the former military dictatorship. The Spanish market is in turmoil, and house prices are buyer-friendly.     Allison Pearson, author of the blockbuster "I Don't Know How She Does It," has a new work, "I Think I Love You," in which she explores the early crushes that shape what woman become.
An iconic American comfort food is taking Paris by

# by softstorer on on 2013-Nov-28

Kevin Clash, who left “Sesame Street” after allegations that he had sexual relationships with minors, has already won more than 20 Emmys.     The gunmen surrounding the Foreign Ministry in Tripoli were demanding a law banning those who had worked for Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi from taking senior positions in the new administration.    The
model transforms with makeup by Charlotte Tilbury and hair by Paul Hanlon.
As tech industry booms, young and moneyed residents are driving housing costs beyond the reach of longtime residentsThe Romans used to celebrate victory by building triumphal arches through which troops would march, blowing

California's new technology lords are not quite so flamboyant but there is no denying the sleekness

of the citadels springing up across San Francisco.Twitter and Yammer have led the way by moving into Market Square, a downtown art deco landmark where employees enjoy gourmet food, yoga studios, arcades and rooftop gardens.Rising
up beside it is the skeleton of what will be a luxury 30-storey apartment block which developers hope will attract young, moneyed tech workers.
Meantime previously seedy neighbourhoods are being transformed by geek-driven gentrification."It's pretty amazing the changes you're seeing in neighbourhoods that not so long ago were considered undesirable," said Eric Turner, a realtor with McGuire Real Estate, while exhibiting a $1.45m
loft. "There are a lot of tech buyers with cash."A
decade after the dotcom crash a new technology boom driven by Twitter,

Google, Facebook, Apple

and hundreds of startups is roaring through San Francisco, drawing thousands of

workers and billions of dollars.The boom is most apparent in the city rather than Silicon Valley, an appendage stretching 70 miles south along highway 101, and is prompting celebration and soul-searching."You are making our city vital, resurgent and strong," San Francisco's mayor, Ed Lee, exulted to entrepreneurs at a recent

TechCrunch awards ceremony.
The city now boasts 1,826 tech companies and is experiencing 30% annual growth in tech jobs. A reduction in payroll tax – the product of tech industry lobbying – is boosting the influx.But some worry that rocketing property prices are driving out artists, intellectuals and middle-income families, gutting the city of its bohemian appeal, and that the boom will then collapse, repeating the dotcom bust's economic wreckage."Whether
it lasts I don't know. But I do know we are already losing our artists," said John Avalos, a member of the city board of supervisors and leading progressive voice.Share prices of big players like Apple and Facebook have tumbled amid concern the market for tablets and smartphones is saturated.
Wall Street also frets that consumers' flight to mobile devices will hit industry profits.But venture capitalists remain bullish, funding a vast, proliferating ecosystem of startups, and there is widespread conviction the current boom is based on real products in comparison to the 1990s internet souffles."I think we're collectively smarter this time around. I don't see the

same excess, the super-elaborate parties with Cristal flowing," said Karen Wickre, Twitter's editorial director, as colleagues milled around the company's salad bar. "That said, hubris can always creep in.
We all use Rome as an example."Susan MacTavish Best, an entrepreneur-turned PR doyenne

well known in the technology sector, agreed the current exuberance felt grounded in reality.
"This tech boom is far less ostentatious than what we endured in the late 90s. Cycling to work, late night hackathons and a surprising interest in foraging for one's food are the norm these days."Tech arrivals were injecting energy, she said. "Our culture in the city is a culture of ideas and a fascination with the future.
Robots and 3D printed art installations are very much part of the San Francisco fabric just as our symphony and opera have been mainstays for years."The geek influx has boosted "nerd night", a regular gathering of mostly young people curious about science and art. Tickets for a recent outing to a sewage treatment plant (followed by beers at a pub), were sold out within two hours, said co-founder Bart Bernhardt, 36, a San Francisco native."What's fantastic to me is the level of of creativity and talent. The city is being re-invented through hacker spaces, underground art collaborations, guerrilla science, music festivals. I'm constantly re-seeing my city through the excitement of others."Bernhardt,
who witnessed the dotcom frenzy, sensed perilous froth in the current boom. "It does feel very bubbly to me, the salaries, the rents, the sheer number of companies starting up." Many if not most of the

startups would fail, he predicted, but that did not necessarily spell disaster since they would probably "fail faster and cheaper" than dotcom predecessors, and regenerate.Tech
arrivals tend to prefer San Francisco, one of America's most charismatic cities, to the relative sterility of Cupertino, Palo Alto and other Silicon Valley outposts. Fleets of company buses with Wi-Fi allow them to commute and live in the city, prompting intense competition for apartments."Call it rebellion, but they don't want to live in Pacific Heights or Russian Hill or Nob Hill, the traditional desirable areas," said Turner, the realtor. Instead they moved into previously dilapidated areas such as SoMa, the Mission and Dolores Park, often paying cash.

can't judge by appearances.
A guy in torn jeans and a

t-shirt could be the founder of a big company."Hip bars, cafes and in some cases bike lanes followed in their wake.
The Mission district, once seedy and violence-prone, was changing fast, said Sandy Cuadra, a longtime resident. "Before I'd hear conversations about a fight here, a fight there. Now it's iPod this, Google that."Average
home prices in San Francisco jumped 15% to $725,000 last year. Average rent jumped 12.9% to $2,734 per month. Realtors expect that to accelerate this year.One consequence is the building of pint-sized 220 square foot apartments which rent for $1,300 per month, pricier than Tokyo and Manhattan's equivalents.The
property scramble spelled trouble for the poor and middle-income earners, said Ted Gullickson, director of the San Francisco Tenants Union, an advocacy group.
Landlords were using a state law to override rent control and expel tenants: so-called Ellis Act evictions had tripled in recent months, he said.The
same thing happened during the dotcom bubble, but Gullickson said the current boom's

apparent sturdiness meant the trend may continue indefinitely. "It's outsiders who come to work for Facebook, Google and Twitter and the like and they're sucking up the property. We need to restrain the tech companies to mitigate the impact on the existing community."Jack Rikess, 56, a poet and magazine writer, and his wife pay about $1,000 in controlled rent per month for a flat in the Haight-Ashbury district they have called home since 1984. The Grateful Dead and the 1967 summer of love blossomed a few blocks away, and a hippie vibe endures to this day. Three months ago the landlord sent Rikess, and his elderly neighbours in two adjacent apartments, letters requesting they leave because he wished to sell the building."Google kid" arrivals to the neighbourhood, said Rikess, had driven the market rental rate to over $4,200 and the landlord wished to cash in. "We're being evicted because we've been here too long." Rikess is fighting the eviction but bracing for exile. "If we lose we'll have to leave the city, way out, 50 miles."San FranciscoTechnology sectorTechnology startupsUnited StatesVenture capitalCaliforniaArchitectureReal estateUS economyGoogleFacebookAppleTwitterRory Carrollguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds Columbia University’s new sports complex, by Steven Holl Architects, fills a difficult site at the northern tip of Manhattan. The move toward large bottles is part of what is being called the “wine-ification” of beer. Here are some upcoming holiday and horticultural events for November, December and January.

They're free unless otherwise noted. Call ahead to see whether registration is needed. Dermatologists' organizations, tattoo artists and the Food and Drug Administration agree that tattooing is largely safe, but any time you stick a needle into skin there are risks. Consumers need to do their homework. It's been raining a lot lately, this being hurricane season. While it's tinnitus miracle leave our drought of the past three years behind, it's clear that sudden drenching rains, or sustained heavy rain, can cause flooding and serious damage.
Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh clung to power by a thread after country's most powerful military commander threw his support behind protesters and opposition groups seeking Saleh's ouster and defections mounted.
The Metropolitan Opera’s chief, Peter Gelb, is softening his assessment of the house’s HD broadcasts as cannibalizing ticket sales. But there are reasons to think he was right.
FIFA president Sepp Blatter is unruffled by Brazil's stop-start preparations for the 2014 World Cup, saying delays and hiccups are part and parcel of the run-up to the tournament.
Disagreements over how Congress should proceed on ending the military's "don't ask, don't tell" policy are dividing gay rights groups as lawmakers are trying to determine how to proceed on the issue.
The schism could rip apart a year-long effort to end the Pentagon's ban on gay men and lesbians open According to the U.K.’s
Department for Transport, demand for air travel in the country will more than double by 2030, from 127 million to 300 million passengers per year.
A debate over how to accommodate this rising demand has revolved around two main proposals: adding a third runway to London’s Heathrow Airport, or replacing Heathrow with a new airport in the Thames Estuary.
Over the years, concerns over cost and environmental impacts have fueled both sides of the debate.
Now a study evaluating the health impacts associated with the two proposals finds that a new hub on the Thames

Estuary may be the better option. The study, published this week in the journal Atmospheric Environment, has found that by 2030, an

expanded Heathrow would add 100 early deaths from air pollution annually in the U.K.
Compared with the expanded Heathrow scenario, a new airport on the Thames Estuary would cause 60 to 70 percent fewer premature deaths. Steven Barrett, an assistant professor of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT, says the numbers make sense from a geographic perspective. “Heathrow is almost in the worst possible place because it’s in the middle of this populated area, and upwind of it,” says Barrett, the study’s lead author and director of the Laboratory

for Aviation and the Environment at MIT. “The pollution from an airport [in

the Thames] would just blow over the North Sea.”
The findings are part of a wider assessment the team conducted on the health impacts of the

U.K.’s 20 busiest airports.
To determine the number of premature deaths from airport-related emissions, the team first tracked the number of flights coming in and out of

each airport, using 2005 to represent the present day. The researchers also obtained projections from the Department for Transport of the number of flights expected in 2030 under scenarios where Heathrow is and is not expanded. For each scenario, the team developed a model, detailed in a previous paper, to estimate emissions from aircraft, as well as ground support vehicles such as trolleys and tractors. The team then used a model called Weather Research and Forecasting to simulate wind patterns and other atmospheric conditions throughout the country.
They plugged the aircraft emissions data into the model to see where the winds carried the pollution, and then used a simulation of chemical reactions in the atmosphere to understand conversion of emissions into fine particles.
Finally, the group superimposed the fine-particulate data over

population-density maps in the country. Previous epidemiological

studies have determined the health risk associated with long-term exposure to given concentrations

of fine particulate matter. Barrett and his colleagues applied the health-risk data to their fine-particulate map to determine the number of premature deaths caused by a given airport scenario.
In a present-day scenario in which Heathrow operates under current demands, the researchers found the airport-related emissions cause 50 premature deaths throughout the U.K. If Heathrow undergoes no expansion, the number of early deaths would increase to 110 by the year 2030, possibly

as a result of other U.K.
airports expanding to meet growing demand. If officials decide to expand Heathrow, adding a third runway, the study projected, the resulting air pollution would cause 150 early deaths annually; a new replacement airport on the Thames Estuary would drop that number to 50, as any emissions created by the new hub would be carried across the English Channel, away from population centers. Barrett says there are several factors the group did not account for in evaluating a Thames Estuary scenario. For example, if a new airport were built, populations might grow around that airport, while traffic around a retired Heathrow might decrease, creating less pollution around London (and more to the west). Barrett says that overall it is not clear if these additional factors would increase or decrease the relative benefits of the Thames Estuary option, but thinks these will be smaller than the effect of moving aircraft.
“Even by expanding the hub airport’s capacity and moving it, you would cause fewer deaths than not

expanding the hub and leaving it where it is,” Barrett says.
“When you look at the results, they’re environmentally quite interesting.”The team also found that the number of early deaths in all scenarios would decrease if airports adopted several key mitigation measures: removing sulfur from jet fuel, using one engine instead of two to taxi, converting ground transportation to electric power, and using preconditioned air from the airport terminal to cool aircraft cabins when their engines are off. “If the cost was no object, and the air quality and health impacts were the priority, then clearly the Thames airport would make more sense,” Barrett says. “But obviously, it would cost a lot of money.
If people decided to do this, it would be a very long process.” The two-time mayor of Providence, R.I., on doing time without his toupee and whether he’ll run again.     In looking for ways to combat climate change and minimize the planet’s warming, atmospheric chemist Susan Solomon says it’s often helpful — and heartening — to look to the past. Solomon points out that recent decades have seen major environmental progress: In the 1970s, the United States banned indoor leaded paint following evidence that it was poisoning children. In the 1990s, the United States put in place regulations to reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide — a move that significantly reduced acid rain.
Beginning in the 1970s, countries around the world began to phase out leaded gasoline; blood lead levels in children dropped dramatically in response. 
During this period, Solomon herself contributed to a milestone in environmental protection: In 1985, scientists discovered that the Earth’s protective ozone layer was thinning over Antarctica.
In response, Solomon led an expedition whose atmospheric measurements helped show that chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) — chemicals then used in aerosols and as coolants in refrigerators and air conditioners — were to blame for ozone depletion. Her discovery ultimately contributed to the basis for the United Nations’ Montreal Protocol, an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out CFCs and other ozone-depleting chemicals. “I find it tremendously uplifting to look back at how our world

has changed,” says Solomon, now the Ellen Swallow Richards Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Science at MIT. Solomon, a renowned atmospheric chemist who worked for 30 years in Boulder, Colo.,
at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and as an adjunct professor at the University of Colorado, is continuing her work in climate research at MIT, where she joined the Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences in January.
In addition to her research, Solomon is teaching a course, 12.085/12.885
(Environmental Science and Society), exploring how society has tackled a range of past environmental challenges through science, engineering, policy, public engagement and politics. “I think young people today are growing up at a time when they don’t know that we actually have made tremendous progress on a whole series of past environmental challenges,” Solomon says. “Climate change has been called the mother of all environmental issues … and I think our approach forex growth bot problem can only be better informed if we understand better what we’ve done in the past.”Heading
westBorn in Chicago, Solomon was completely taken, from a young age, with “The Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau,” a documentary series that followed the legendary marine explorer on his seafaring expeditions. “I pretty much never wavered from the decision right then that I was going to be a scientist,” she recalls. After high school, Solomon enrolled at the Illinois Institute of Technology, where she received a bachelor’s degree in chemistry.
Continuing her studies in atmospheric chemistry, Solomon moved west, to the University of California at Berkeley. “I had a 1977 Gremlin,” Solomon recalls.
“It was one of the most awful cars, I think, ever made, but it was really cheap, and I was young and poor.
I remember listening to … ‘California Dreamin’’ as I drove out west.”Solomon
received her PhD in chemistry from Berkeley in 1981, and went to work as a research scientist at NOAA.
In 1985, scientists with the British Antarctic Survey discovered the ozone

hole above Antarctica, prompting Solomon to lead expeditions to the icy continent in 1986 and 1987.“It’s the next-best thing to going to another planet,” Solomon says of the harsh yet exhilarating experience. “It is the place on our planet that is the most unexplored, the most remote, the most hostile in terms of what the weather and climate is. It is so viciously cold. I just thought it was fantastic exploration, and it’s that spirit of exploration that I think is so endemic to science, and is fundamental to everything about Antarctica.”In 2001, Solomon chronicled perhaps the most dramatic exploration of that continent in a bestselling book, “The Coldest March”: She used scientific data to examine long-held myths about Robert Falcon

Scott, an early-20th-century English explorer who trekked more than 1,000 miles on foot in an effort to

become the first to reach the South Pole. But Roald Amundsen, a rival explorer, beat him to the pole by a

month, and Scott, along with several team members, perished on the long trek back.
While Scott’s expedition had been ridiculed — for example, by some who painted him as a “dyed-in-the-wool Englishman who only wanted to eat tinned mutton,” and therefore died of scurvy — letters and diaries from his crew told a different story. Many members of the team described eating fresh seal meat and seal liver, which have been shown to be a good source of

the vitamins that ward off the disease. Solomon also analyzed

weather data from 1912, and discovered that the crew likely would have survived had they not encountered extreme and unpredictable weather conditions.
“It just seemed to me that somebody needed to go back and take a

closer look, with all the diaries of all the guys, and what we know from modern science,” Solomon says.
Changing the climateIn 2002, Solomon took on another monumental task: leading an international assessment of the scientific work related to climate change. Over six years, she served as co-chair of Working Group 1 of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). In 2007, the group released a comprehensive report on the scientific basis of climate change. Later that year, based in part on the report, the IPCC and former vice president Al Gore received the Nobel Peace Prize. Solomon continues to seek answers to the most pressing climate challenges. In a widely cited 2009 paper published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Solomon and her co-authors determined that, even if humans were to immediately and completely stop emitting carbon dioxide, it would take more than 1,000 years to undo existing changes in Earth’s surface temperatures, rainfall and sea levels. This news, while sobering, has not deterred the chemist in her scientific goals. Solomon is currently probing which places on the planet are likely to be the most affected by anthropogenic warming in the near future.
In addition to her climate research, she also continues to study the stratosphere — the layer of the atmosphere in which the ozone layer is found.
“There are still

fantastic surprises in the stratosphere, as there are in any field, no matter how much has been done on it,” Solomon says. “There’s always something to discover, and I love that feeling.”
Impact The remarkable collaboration between Sharifi and MIT's Wind Ensemble has had a meaningful and long-lasting affect on

all those involved in the project. “Having the opportunity to work with Jamshied really enhanced the process of rehearsing and premiering 'Awakening,'” notes Emily Jackson '12, an MIT Wind Ensemble flautist who majored in chemical-biological engineering with a minor in music.
“This piece particularly touched me: it intensely conveys emotion and prompts reflection as it tells a story.”Sharifi,
who has a successful international career as a composer-arranger, producer and keyboardist, describes the project as a career highlight.
"Working with Fred Harris and the MIT Wind Ensemble on 'Awakening' was one of the most rewarding artistic experiences of my life. Fred and the musicians in the group were committed, passionate, and unfailingly musical in bringing the piece to life.""The

word 'awakening' conjures this idea that you're coming forth with something, but yet it might not be fully realized," Harris says.
"This power of reflection and contemplation is so needed

today and I think that 'Awakening' in its own way provides a vehicle for that.""Awakening" was commissioned by MIT via the Institute’s Visiting Artists

Program with additional support from MIT’s Music and Theater Arts Section.
The film production was made possible through the combined vision and talents of Executive Producer, Lawrence Gallagher; Documentary Director Chris Boebel; Film Editor Jean Dunoyer; Technical Director Craig Milanesi; and Music Performance Director Bob Comiskey. Chris Boebel and Jean Dunoyer have each had distinguished careers in documentary and film production before joining the staff at MIT Video Productions, led by Lawrence Gallagher.
The production of this program was supported in part through

a generous gift by A. Neil (MIT '64) and Jane Pappalardo, long-time friends and supporters of education and the arts at MIT.  About the MIT Wind Ensemble Founded in 1999 by Dr. Frederick Harris, Jr.,
the MIT Wind Ensemble (MITWE) is comprised of outstanding MIT undergraduate and graduate student musicians studying a wide range of disciplines. Since

2001, MITWE has commissioned 35 original works for wind ensemble and

has worked with Gunther Schuller, John Harbison, Michael Colgrass, Don Byron, and many other prominent composers.
MITWE has recorded for Albany and Innova Records, and it has been featured on NPR. Gramophone Magazine called its first CD “an exhilarating range of approaches to the modern wind ensemble.” Tiling your bathroom floor (if you dare), yoga after 50, the cellphone industry looks the other way as handset thefts grow and other consumer-focused news from The New York Times.     ATLANTIC CITY, N.J.
-- More than 26.6 million people visited Atlantic City casinos last year, a decrease of 6.2 percent. But a new survey finds spending per visitor fell by only half that amount, indicating that the people who have stopped coming to

the nation's second-largest gambling market are...
President Obama on Monday pledged to make government an ally of companies as they emerge from the bleak downturn of recent years, even as he challenged executives to do their part to help resurrect the economy. The Big 12 is facing an identity crisis at quarterback, with a lot of different players preparing to take snaps this fall.     A Spanish-language Obama ad misrepresents John McCain’s record on the immigration issue and his relationship with Rush Limbaugh.
Underride guards on the back of tractor-trailers don’t always do a good job of keeping passenger vehicles from sliding beneath a truck’s trailer in a crash, the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety found.

of antidepressant, called an SSRI (or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor), acts beneficially on a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. Might such an antidepressant help people regain motor skills after a stroke has left them weak or paralyzed on one side of

# by ciheartse on on 2013-Dec-16

Days after the Deepwater Horizon oil rig sank in the Gulf of Mexico, a conservative nonprofit group called the Institute for Energy Research asked BP to contribute $100,000 for a

media campaign it was launching in defense of the oil industry.
In “Dead Man’s Burden,” a woman and her husband wring a living from her family’s parched homestead, watched over by the accumulating graves of her unlucky kin.    THE QUESTION Soy-based foods contain isoflavones, which act in a manner similar to estrogen, a natural hormone that is thought to play a role in the growth of cancer cells. Should women with breast cancer, then, avoid foods containing soy? The site I was working on was using a fixed width. One column had a coloured background extending all the way from the header to the footer, regardless of the amount of content.
To achieve this, a background image was used (à la Faux Columns). I needed to make this flexible as part of the responsive remake. Aide admits timing is unfortunate, a day after spending review, as republicans call on monarch to hand back extra moneyBuckingham Palace has launched a robust defence of the Queen's funding after it emerged that under the government's new system for financing the monarchy she will receive a multimillion-pound increase over the next two years.Under
the sovereign grant, calculated as 15% of the profits of the crown estate, the Queen will receive £37.89m from the state next year, a 5% increase on this year's grant of £36.1m
and more than £5m more than her £32.3m expenditure in 2011/12.A day earlier George Osborne's comprehensive spending review outlined cuts of

and included new restrictions on welfare.A senior royal aide denied that the palace felt uncomfortable with the raise and said it would be used to tackle a massive backlog of building repairs that would take 10 years to clear.But
he admitted the timing was unfortunate. "If there is a day's discomfort [because of George Osborne's statement] we just have to

live with it," he said. "We can't manage the timing."Introduced
in April last year, the sovereign's grant is a single payment replacing the civil list and grant-in-aid for building maintenance and travel costs, and is designed to make the monarchy more self-sufficient. The amount given to the Queen is based on funds two years in arrears.Profits from the crown estate, which is one of the largest property owners in Britain, rose by 5.2%
to £252.6m.
Most of the profits go to the Treasury.The cost of the monarchy had been reduced by 80% over 20 years, said the official, with major savings including the scrapping

of the royal yacht Britannia.A
total of 360 buildings are maintained by the sovereign grant, and for years the previous grant-in-aid for the royal palaces was pegged at £15m, meaning repairs were delayed.
Priorities now are to renovate at least half of the lead roofs at Windsor Castle and replace the roof on the picture gallery at Buckingham Palace and that of the Royal Mausoleum at Frogmore, which has forex growth bot to the public since 2007 for safety reasons.Buckingham Palace also requires replacement wiring and pipework, which could provide an opportunity for redecoration. The state rooms have not been redecorated at all during the Queen's 60-year reign, the aide said.Sir Alan Reid, keeper of the privy purse, said that Osborne had driven "a very hard bargain" when the government introduced the sovereign grant, insisting that the palace be given £31m, which was £5m less than the previous year's sum in civil list and grant-in-aid. He said the royal household had achieved a real-terms reduction of 24% over the last five years.Controls over the grant allow the chancellor to renegotiate on a five-yearly basis the percentage of crown estate profits given to the

The next renegotiation is due in 2015/16.
Buckingham Palace is not permitted to build up a reserve of more than 0.5%
of one year's sovereign grant. Palace accounts are open to scrutiny by the National Audit Office.Asked
whether the prime minister supported the increase in

the Queen's funding, a No 10 spokesman said: "There is a process that is gone through. I don't think the prime minister disagrees with that process."The campaign group Republic called on the Queen to hand back the raise, arguing that the deal struck by the government two years ago did not allow royal funding to go down but to rise year-on-year in line with crown estate profits."We said from the start that this was a bad deal for the taxpayers and no way to fund a public institution. Clearly we were right," said Graham Smith, Republic's chief executive.
"As everyone else is seeing cuts to services and jobs, it is unbelievable that our head of state will sit silently by as she is handed millions more in public money."He added: "The crown estate is not – and never has been – the personal property of the royals. The Windsors have no more right to its revenue than I do."The
Queen's accounts show that the cost of the royal family to the taxpayer – excluding security and protection costs, which are not disclosed – rose by £900,000 to £33.3m during her diamond jubilee year.The cost of "cleaning, laundry and other" was £700,000, up from £500,000 the previous year, and her gas bill rose £300,000 to £1m. Salary costs went up from £17.5m to £18.3m after staff – who had been on a pay freeze for three years – were given a "little" rise to boost morale in the diamond jubilee year.
About 20% of the staff belong to a union.The cost of upgrading the IT system was £900,000, as the palace had been using Microsoft Office 2003. "You probably thought we were

all on 1497, being a traditional organisation," joked one aide.The QueenMonarchyCaroline

Daviesguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds     The Denver Post reports U.S.
kids are getting an average of $2.60
a tooth tinnitus miracle review compared with $3 a year ago, according to a recent survey by Visa. For those who don't like math, that's $.40

less than last year -- but still a heck of a lot more than we used to get, when a quarter was considered a score.
The Syrian government blamed Israel for the airstrikes on Sunday, which sent fiery mushroom-shape clouds over Damascus. Many residents said the attack was the worst in more than two years of fighting. WASHINGTON -- The Federal Aviation Administration unveiled a plan Monday for reducing the accident rate for private and corporate aircraft by 10 percent by the year 2018. Andrew Leighton is not a golfer, but the

prospect of living on a golf course was intriguing when he and his family discovered the Cross Creek neighborhood.
Now, Leighton, his wife, Jackie and

their two children enjoy the view from their home adjacent to the course, located along the border betwee... Layering upIn their studies, the researchers concentrated on an ideal structure they describe as a series of interfacial layers within soft layered composites: basically, relatively stiff and thin layers separating thicker layers of a soft rubbery material.
This configuration is similar to the cross section seen in natural structures such as arteries and cell walls, and allows for reversible wrinkling: When compressed, the stiff, thin layers may buckle or wrinkle, depending

upon the force applied; when that force is removed, the surrounding rubbery layers

spring back, straightening out the wrinkled layers. The researchers looked for ways to predict when wrinkling would occur — and the pattern of the wrinkling in such a configuration — given the stiffness of the layers, the geometry and the load applied. Li worked out equations to describe the configuration’s potential for wrinkling, and found that in general, the greater the difference in stiffness between the surrounding rubbery material and the interfacial layer, the less load is required to create wrinkling.
The model predicts the wavelength and amplitude that the wrinkles will take once a critical load is reached. Printing wrinklesTo verify their analytical model, the researchers observed results from experiments.
The team

used a multimaterial 3-D printer to fabricate structured composites of varying stiffness and geometries.
All samples retained the same stratified configuration. “3-D printing is a fast prototyping technology,” Li says. “It’s very convenient for creating complicated geometries and parts with multiple materials. We can print microstructured materials and we know exactly what their properties are.”
The team then placed each sample in a mechanical compression machine, and measured the load required to create wrinkles in the material and the wrinkling patterns created. In

the end, their measurements closely matched their model’s predictions. Using their models, Li and Kaynia say scientists can precisely engineer biomimetic materials with interfacial layers that reversibly wrinkle on demand, much like composites found in nature.
Such materials

may be designed to wrinkle in response to mechanical, chemical or optical stimuli. “For example, you could design a material for structural coloring,” Kaynia says. “The composite material can aquaponics 4 you to react to certain environments and create wrinkles that prevent certain wavelengths from penetrating. And if you, for example, want to use it for camouflage, you would want it to be reversible too.” Yonggang Huang, a professor of civil and mechanical engineering at Northwestern University, says the group’s results now make it possible for scientists to create new materials and actively control stretching and other material properties.
“The [wrinkling] of materials can generate new functionalities that have never been achieved before,” Huang says. “The authors have studied this important phenomenon [and] this is the first demonstration of reversible wrinkling of interfaces in multilayered materials.”This research was supported by the MIT Center for Materials Science and Engineering through a grant from the National Science Foundation. Obsolescence as a model of impermanence in architecture emerged a century ago with advances in technology and society causing even recent buildings to be rapidly devalued and made expendable. As demolitions increased, expectations of building lifespans grew shorter and shorter.
The US tax code mapped out increasingly brief building lives for depreciation purposes and planners applied the concept to whole neighborhoods and cities.In response to this erosion of long-held beliefs in durability, many architects envisioned flexible, short-life, even expendable architecture that could accommodate rapid change and obsolescence. But there also emerged, in response to the ephemerality of obsolescence, other efforts to reinstitute permanence and slow change, from a vitalized historic preservation movement and concrete brutalist monumentality to adaptive reuse, architectural postmodernism and green design.
Sustainability, in

all these guises, has superseded obsolescence as a dominant paradigm for comprehending and managing change in the built environment."From
Obsolescence to Sustainability: A Century of Architectural Change" traces the concept of obsolescence in the built environment through its evolution in architecture, economics and culture and the subsequent development of sustainability. It

consists of an extended timeline with images, photographs and text, and seven thematic panels focused on Factory Sheds, Megastructures, Indeterminacy, Expendability, Brutalism, Preservation and Sustainability.Works will be on display at the Wolk Gallery, Room 7-338, from May 7- August 16. The opening reception will be held on May 7 from 5:30 to 7:00 p.m.
A gallery talk by curator Daniel Abramson,
 associate professor in Tufts University’s Department of Art and Art History, will take place on May 14 at 12:15 p.m. Dereck Whittenburg, an analyst for ESPN, discusses North Carolina State’s national championship in 1983 and what to look for in the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference tournament, among other things in a question-and-answer session.
From Chile to CambridgeGrowing up in Santiago, Chile — where mining is a major component of the national economy — Montero wanted to be an engineer as a child. He also wanted his career to have an impact on society, and he knew that mining was the way to achieve this.“I
really enjoyed working in the mining industry because it is the main industry of the Chilean economy and my work had an impact on the country.
I was lucky to work for the most important mining natural vitiligo treatment download the world, BHP Billiton, and see the impact of my work in different aspects — such as creating jobs. As my responsibilities grew, I knew I wanted to expand my managerial and engineering skills,” Montero says. “I conducted research online to find a master’s degree program that would combine my interests and that’s when I found SDM.
Coming to MIT is the best decision I’ve ever made. The community here is inspiring and I’m really enjoying SDM and MIT.”As part of his SDM degree requirements, Montero will write a thesis on the mining industry.
(SDM is jointly offered by MIT Sloan and the MIT Engineering Systems Division). His research will include the application of flexibility in the engineering design of major mining projects. He is working with

Professor Richard de Neufville on the project.“It
takes months, millions of dollars, and a lot of disciplines to design mines. I want to look into different alternatives in a way that is less expensive and easier to compute. I want to find ways

for mining companies to explore opportunities that are not visible with current methodology,” Montero says.
“Every class I have taken at MIT has been amazing from the managerial and the technical side — and all of them will be helpful as I work on my thesis.”Montero’s
interest in mining and energy doesn’t end with the club

or his thesis — he is also a business development researcher for BroadRock Renewables, a clean technology company based in New York.“I’m working on a market research project for BroadRock.
I got this opportunity through SDM and I’m learning a lot from it,” Montero says. “MIT is also giving me the opportunity to visit with Keio University’s SDM Department in Tokyo this January.
I’ll work with them on a systems thinking approach for the mining industries in South America and Japan to collaborate. Japan is a very important stakeholder of the natural resources industry and shares significant commonalities with Chile as a major seismic country.”Students who are interested in joining the Mining, Oil and Gas Club should visit the website or send an email to the club officers.
Kenneth Branagh was there with the director Rob Ashcroft.
The actress Maxine Peake was there. Josie Rourke, the artistic director of London’s Donmar Warehouse, was there. The occasion? The announcement of this year’s Manchester International Festival program by its director, Alex Poots.
Tennessee guard Jordan McRae plans to return to school for his senior

season rather than entering the N.B.A. draft.    
TIJUANA, MEXICO - To embattled authorities here, where heavily armed soldiers patrol the streets and more than 500 people have been killed this year, marijuana is a poisonous weed that enriches death-dealing cartel bosses who earn huge profits smuggling the product north. Readers respond.     The government’s announcement that the police had arrested traders in eastern China brought to light one of the more alarming cases of tainted food in the country.     The gay rights movement in France as experienced by its (now-elderly) footsoldiers is here given a trademiner download documentary Les Invisibles gives a face to the unseen and a voice to the inaudible, spinning a sedate, respectful account of the gay rights movement as experienced by its foot soldiers. Sébastien Lif****z lines up his elderly revolutionaries and intercuts their memories with archive footage from France's dark age, when Paris Match ran inflammatory headlines, placards clamoured for the death penalty and homosexuality was treated as a psychiatric disorder. The film's subjects often emerge as reluctant activists, forced by circumstance to defend their dignity and fight for acceptance. Today, we find

them chattering in farmhouse kitchens, at work in their gardens or sailing on the Med. Living well, Lif****z implies, is the best revenge.Rating: 3/5DocumentaryGay rightsSexualityFranceWorld cinemaXan Brooksguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds My dear 2002 VW Cabrio was pronounced dead on Feb. 21 at a Queens salvage yard, a victim of Hurricane Sandy. So I decided to follow the car each step of the way on its journey to the crusher. Tableware modeled after a variety of fruit and vegetables. Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering research scientist Michael Short '05, SM '10, PhD '10 is an exemplar of interdisciplinary knowledge, with Institute degrees in both nuclear science and engineering and materials science and engineering. “Interdisciplinary work is where the fun stuff is; it’s where you get to work on challenges that many people consider too difficult, or that require a broader perspective,” he says.But
there’s another dimension to Short’s interdisciplinary skill set — extensive hands-on metalworking experience, which amplifies the value of his academic learning and his ability to address challenging problems in fission reactor development.“In my freshman year, I started Course 22 and took a blacksmithing class. I’ve stayed with both ever since,” says Short, who is also

a staff member at the Institute’s cross-departmental Uhlig Corrosion Laboratory.
“The combination has led me to many advances in the research realm. You can theorize about a part or a model, but if you’ve held a piece of hot steel in your hands, you’ll have better insight into how it will behave. You pick up intuitive knowledge; the combination of that and book knowledge is worth more

than the sum of the parts.”For this reason, Short takes his students in class 22.033, Nuclear Systems Design, beyond books and paper. “The students heat-treat metal using the forge in Building 4, and see how an improperly treated piece becomes brittle and breaks apart, while a well-treated one stays tough and strong,” he explains.
Short has also abandoned laser pointers in class, instead using a different reactor part each week as a visual aid.
This gives students a tangible sense of what they’re studying and working on — a challenge with nuclear reactors.Read full article Tableware modeled after a variety of fruit and vegetables. England midfielder Frank Lampard says Manchester United's Rio

Ferdinand is a 'top draw player' whose England career is not

# by stubarin on on 2014-Jan-14

He then flew to Jerusalem by helicopter.
“Everybody here is an immigrant, ” Donahue said in his talk, titled “An American Jobs and Growth Plan to Revitalize Our Economy, ” held in MIT's Building 51 about Thursday afternoon.
In response to reports about the claimed damage, the commission placed a full-page advertisement in the state-owned newspaper denying the claims. "Ecuador gives up, unilaterally and irrevocably, the said customs benefits. When something goes wrong in medicine, it can be hard to know where blame lies — and over time, it may not matter.
For this reason, Follows often encounters the growing call within the microbiology community for a less crude incorporation regarding microbial

processes into global ocean/climate models. It also suggests introducing cashless payments to cut back long queues and prevent children who acquire free school meals from being stigmatised. "He hasn't met the squad yet.

Apartment used as office space since death of Princess Margaret is usually to be new home of Duke and Duchess regarding CambridgeThe public cost of refurbishing the Kensington Palace apartment

that'll be the new home of the Duke as well as Duchess of Cambridge and their baby will be £1m, the Queen's accounts reveal. Just this summer, Facilities tested the

results of cutting-edge design work both within the new Sloan School of Management building (E62) and inside the newly renovated Arthur D. "We intend to stick around in this for that longterm, we aren't that easy to chase away from town, " he said. Pressure on Quigley increased as NBN rollout targets weren't met. The gunmen surrounding the Foreign Ministry within Tripoli were demanding a law banning those that had worked for Col. Second, there are people who want a visual presentation of stories – something a lot more like a newspaper or magazine. It is hard enough to know what forms of foods we should eat, which cars to drive, or which apps to use. ”In his work, Fravel catalogues 23 such territorial conflicts because 1949, 17 of which have been settled diplomatically; in those cases China has usually received lower than 50 percent of the land in issue.
"I started making websites in 1994, but now I basically can't see any one of my work from then through to close to 2003.
Tom Courtenay (who took over the actual title role on stage from Albert Finney) is superb since the sad 19-year-old Billy Fisher, who escapes from his dreary lower-middle-class background and dead-end job being an undertaker's clerk through his dreams of learning to be a writer, his habitual lying, and his fantasies about being a hero within the imaginary country of Ambrosia. BiographyDavid BowiePop and rockMusicAlexander Larmanguardian.
But what about this game makes that so damn addictive. David Edmonds, the chair of the Legal Services Table, accurately described the report as "an essential milestone, rather than the last word on the topic. “People like what no one else provides. That should provide a significant sense regarding security for keeper Michael Gspurning and a better attack from the right with the speedy Yedlin to be able to cover more ground moving up, thus moving Rosales a bit more central to produce more scoring opportunities for Martins, Johnson and/or Neagle.
Analysis of comparable data from spring, summer, and autumn shows little seasonal variation in patterns of electricity used in the two buildings. Porter - The Cole Porter song guide.
J-PAL's network of more than 80 affiliated professors has produced greater than 350 randomized evaluations in 52 countries, and more than 63 million people have been reached by policies found to work by J-PAL studies.
”Recognizing that “innovation” is an often over-used word, the course is designed to help students set up a precise understanding of innovation and challenge their basic assumptions about how exactly it really works. The bride and groom work at colleges in Belmont, Mass.
"What they are doing, it's not easy to do, " van Dok Pinkley tells the newspapers.
Former president Jean-Bertrand Aristide returned home to be able to Haiti Friday after nearly seven years within

exile in South Africa. )#) Braatz learned that while drug-manufacturing equipment was often monitored by sensors, much of the resulting data went unanalyzed.
The resulting depressions characterise what is called a karst landscape, in which hundreds or even thousands of relatively small sinkholes form across a location that, seen from the air, can appear almost pock-marked.
“Five years ago, ” MIT President L.
It's that we waste it and don't spend money on the technologies that would allow us to create more efficient uses of it.
”The findings could help scientists tinnitus cure about diseases considered to be caused by imbalances in brain inhibition and also excitation, including autism, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
“We're very interested in looking at combinations that could involve RNAi that knocks down the capability of cells to counteract chemotherapy

attack, ” Hammond says. 31pm: And that we live in a world by which an indie sports game created on any shoe-string budget like New Star Soccer can easily beat the multimillion dollar behemoth of FIFA is (inspite
of the latter game's considerable achievements) even higher. ”Yoon developed her first light and sound installation for that Athens Olympics after winning an international style competition.
I'm not smarter, but I have the hours I will need, and loads of them. They will sell you body armor, vehicle barriers, nuclear detectors, manhole-cover locks, unmanned helicopters -- and Kyrgyz yurts. ”Miyagawa, for his part, asserts it is a viable idea in part because it may

be subject to more scrutiny, as the communication patterns of other varieties are examined in further detail. ” Rather, he said, it stems from his feelings, as a moviegoer and TV viewer, that too much advance discussion of movies or shows really can detract from

the enjoyment.
It's in our nature to celebrate with flowers given that they convey feelings of love on many occasions - not only Valentine's Day.
Their work appears this week in a written report in the journal Science, co-authored by graduate students including Daniel Congreve, Nicholas Thompson, Eric Hontz and Shane Yost, alumna Jiye Lee '12, and professors Marc Baldo and Troy Vehicle Voorhis. Researchers employ one of the oldest tricks inside the anole lizard finder's book to piece collectively a scientific mystery. Examples of products with mercury that is going to be phased out under the treaty include some kinds of compact fluorescent

light blubs, dental fillings, pesticides, thermometers and batteries. Click on the arrow and you could possibly get a 360-degree view, thanks to the Google employees who hiked the peaks having a lightweight digital camera and fisheye lens. What are the challenges and rewards within those two environments.
"Lions tour 2013Australia rugby union teamRobbie DeansBritish & Irish LionsRugby unionAustralia sportAndy Bullguardian.
It's feminism's image (eg man haters, humorless, harsh) that women resist associating along with today. It wound up feeling

like failure, with life outside Europe's elite inevitably invoking concern over Bale's immediate future and Spurs' ability to compete for top.
In July 2010, he completed his Ph.
But as higher education institutions increasingly turn to outsource campus services including catering and amenities management,

staff and students are responding in their particular numbers against these acts of privatisation that they feel will affect their university experience.
The Mets seek a second team to talk about their spring training facility in Port Street. A tiger who's seen all the streets, afraid of a sheep. Big Ben ended up being riddled along with dragons in Reign of Fire. Unwanted areas of material are then etched away as well as the gate oxide is deposited onto the little gap. Sarah Jones, BBC group general counsel, operations, took two tickets to the games following the original invitees were unable to attend as a result of illness; and Charlie Villar, finance director, BBC commercial finance and operations, went to an Olympics swimming event upon 3 August with another Deloitte partner,

Sam Baker.
Do you agree with Christopher Orr that romantic comedies are virtually dead. '”The city of Buffalo, he notes, currently receives $18 million a year within federal money for housing.
Whole mountain ranges that get a couple of lines or less. The leading provider of clean needles to drug addicts inside the District to help stem the spread associated with AIDS plans to shut its doors through the end of the month, officials said Wednesday, in the city that has the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rate in the united kingdom.
And the car can hit 230 meters.
TransgenderUnited StatesEqualitySchoolsChildrenGenderGay rightsBullyingJill Filipovicguardian. Both Oxford and Cambridge have been challenged by MPs and campaigners to complete more to get students from ethnic minorities to their institutions, particularly as the headline admissions figures for both show an amazing gap in success rates between students associated with different ethnicities.
It involves modular timber frame with thicker thermal insulation, giving it an impressive BER A1 score. As the second round of the Globe Endurance Championship this race at Spa is

really a standalone challenge but also represents the final competitive outing ahead of the season's highlight, the Le Mans 24 hours

in Summer. Donald TrumpCPACUS politicsRepublicansUnited StatesIraqMatt Wellsguardian.
But water molecules coffee shop millionaire small; each one is only about 0.
Though her findings were inconclusive, Aijazi noted that better documentation could help nail down why you have the “huge spread in mechanical properties” regarding bamboo composites. Each one is in the care of the master, and the master is usually the apprentice's dad.
The new version of the game, released in March, introduces a whole new level of intricacy — including, importantly, the option for several players to play

at the same time, allowing their cities to specialize in a certain area such as education, gambling or big business while their nearby cities cover other bases, creating opportunities for intercity cooperation. She would just prefer a different senior high school.
Philadelphia Union vs New England RevolutionSat 5pm, PPL Park (Univision Dep)Dan Walsh, Philly Soccer Page, Philadelphia: There's winning ugly, and then there's Philadelphia Union's win Weekend over Colorado. Through her work, she's observed that the skin is any sensitive — though largely untapped — method for communication.
He left all the performance materials for 'The Messiah' for the Foundling Hospital.
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation reports researchers issue whether parents caught growing marijuana should automatically lose custody of the children. Two new picture books, both with origins

in Israel, tell stories about young girls whose braveness and endurance reap great rewards. He went out like a light for approximately five minutes.
“It really does, in a very fundamental way, constrain the possibilities of what the mechanisms could possibly be.
"Talented students, talented teachersChew's passion for music is fairly typical with the average MIT student. Instead, it just raised more concerns for the actual San Antonio Spurs. The only reason I said it was because I

knew these were living a certain lifestyle and it was not my lifestyle.
The MIT team beat out more than 100 other teams in the first stage from the
competition — the Virtual Robotics Challenge (VRC) — to get one of seven prized spots next stage of the competition, slated for December. With regard to the design I wished to

convey a sense of period and the frailty with the structure.
These men were the early anatomists regarding sound, seeking to uncover the inner workings associated with its structure and perception.
Ex SAS-soldier and bestselling author Chris Ryan will probably be talking about his Agent 21 series including the newest book Codebreaker and The Wire, the brand new story

written exclusively for that World Book Day YA app.
“Until a few years ago, people thought we might have a periodic ice-free Arctic by 2050, ” Heimbach says. Meanwhile, the Egypt international winger Ahmed Elmohamady's offered move from Sunderland to Hull City is near to being completed.
“Monsters University” was No.
The crew has officially claimed the United states
Helicopter Society's Igor I. He said: "We can see if we can solution those questions.
An umpire apologizing for a blown phone and another ump being fired for what is thought to be drug use … and much much much more.
"There have

been surprises along the method.
And even the factory-made towers of flats that are one of many first indications of the town on the street from Glasgow to Stirling are faced together with grey stone chippings set on concrete. Harvesting energyThe new film is made coming from an interlocking network of two different polymers. After getting accepted to college, I realized I didn't want to decrease. Q: What are the implications of this result. He adds that earlier attempts to discover optimal paths for underwater vehicles were both imprecise, unable to cope with changing currents and also complex topography, or required so much computational power they couldn't be applied to real-time control associated with swarms of robotic vehicles.
Barr's mother was five foot nothing, his adored father "six foot everything", not exactly a New Man but still the sole dad in the village who would press a pram. employees are worried about the company's prospects after it really is spun off; and some new Spanish media outlets want to look on the bright side. "I don't ever want to think you might kill that shark, " Spielberg told his actors in Lips, a beta-male siding with the other beta-males towards alpha-dog Quint, the shark-hunter.
Maria Zuber, a pioneer in space exploration who offers made seminal breakthroughs in understanding solar program planets and their evolution, is the recipient of MIT's James Third.
He was found not guilty of rape and also indecent assault.
I'm sure David will be disappointed this didn't stand. The alternativesWhile the wide releases fared fairly dismally, films panic away fewer than 100 screens most of the time performed just as badly. The bride and groom met through an internet dating service and continued to build on their own relationship. This inserted section, the soundboard, can be switched with one made of your different kind of wood, or with a different structural support program, or with one made of a various material altogether.
“But obviously, it would cost a lot of funds.
31 after 14 years and an investment in excess of $14 billion -- has become an Aardvark custom.
I remain an admirer of Alone in Berlin – and think that its virtues far outweigh its vices – but clearly you can find problems. "Bringing sustainable homes in to the mainstreamOne NGO pushing the situation for a scaling up of eco housing by using an international scale is the World Green Constructing Council. In 2007, research funding was in good shape. I took an issue that I am passionate about and created something that not only benefits me and my loved ones but all of my loyal customers that are looking to lead healthier lifestyles as nicely. He is a former director of AeroAstro's Fuel Turbine Laboratory and former deputy and relate department head.
Some conservative clerics

have even issued fatwas against maried people being naked during sex. "TV crush

"I quite liked Maggie Philbin, which is interesting because my wife knows her and I've met her several times now.
“It's the next-best thing to going to a different planet, ” Solomon says of the harsh but exhilarating experience. As environmental scientist Vaclav Smil calculates, to sequester just a fifth of present CO2 emissions: " we would have to create a completely new worldwide absorption-gathering-compression-transportation- storage industry whose annual throughput will have to be about 70 percent larger than the annual volume now handled from the global crude oil industry whose immense national infrastructure of wells, pipelines, compressor stations and storages took generations to create. Rick Scott (R), a staunch Obamacare opponent, embraced the Medicaid expansion in February.
Your bit is essentially included in just one photon. There's not much space in the trunk, and the letter box-like opening makes it hard to succeed in that space. "Fernando has driven with a great tenacity

and consistency in 2010.

Each block represents a different perspective over a 121-pixel patch of the light field, so Focii captures 25 perspectives in just about all.
He had a short stint in politics since the director of communications for an atheist team called Enlighten the Vote, and he co-authored a well-received book mocking creationism, Flock of Dodos, which the Harvard law professor Alan Dershowitz when compared with works

by celebrated authors Thomas Paine and also Mark Twain.
The conclusion: Peak 2 can be unambiguously attributed for

the outer cylinder, peak 1 to the inner one. And they killed him for it. it@MIT — the Do Innovation team, a student-run organization focused on fostering innovation — is available in. That's why that Bodmin to Penzance train won't ever, as a matter of fact, reach its destination. “There's all this hype about

new-age marketing and advertising and social-media marketing.
Will they disappear altogether, or do they have secret strengths we all don't appreciate.
Don't be afraid to speak out, don't be afraid to be adversarial, in a positive way.

McChrystal's belittling critique of some of the

actual Obama administration's top officials left the president having a stark choice on Tuesday: overlook comments that border on insubordination, or fire his top commander at a vital moment in Afghanistan.
We're trying to bring a new perspective to the problem, " Grossman says.
"It is unfortunate today that many small children are not resourceful, " he said. "While the Android system is open resource, the core technology and technology roadmap will be strictly controlled by Google.
There was an almighty row about Diamond's £2. People will always go for the fresh fad diet, the alternative remedy, the five dollar wrinkle trick that makes dermatologists hate you for reasons uknown. Local issues around which groups of MoveOn activists may rally will receive more attention, as the group shifts away from coordinating around national policy.
He was an honorary citizen of Vienna. "The first time I came on the actual European Tour, I was definitely wet behind the ear. Software does the rest. Peel's Metropolitan Police Bill did not turn out to be law until 1829.
Why clutter your home – and ultimately a landfill site – with one as soon as your smartphone can do its job, and lots of others, too.


# by spornetre on on 2014-Apr-04

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